from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. See fricative.
- adj. Fricative.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A fricative.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A term used differently by different authorities; -- by some as equivalent to fricative, -- that is, as including all the continuous consonants, except the nasals m, n, ng; with the further exception, by others, of the liquids r, l, and the semivowels w, y; by others limited to f, v, th surd and sonant, and the sound of German ch, -- thus excluding the sibilants, as well as the nasals, liquids, and semivowels. See Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 197-208.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A consonant uttered with perceptible blowing, or expulsion of breath; an alphabetic sound in the utterance of which the organs are brought near together but not wholly closed; a rustling, or fricative, or continuable consonant.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a continuant consonant produced by breath moving against a narrowing of the vocal tract
- adj. of speech sounds produced by forcing air through a constricted passage (as `f', `s', `z', or `th' in both `thin' and `then')
Latin spīrāns, spīrant-, present participle of spīrāre, to breathe.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin spirans, present participle of spīrō ("I blow"). Compare inspire, expire, respiration, etc. (Wiktionary)