American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A consonant, such as f or s in English, produced by the forcing of breath through a constricted passage. Also called spirant.
- adj. Of, relating to, or being a fricative consonant.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Characterized by friction: said of those alphabetic sounds in which the conspicuous element is a rustling of the breath through a partly opened position of the organs, as s and sh, z and zh, f and v, th and Ŧh, and so on. They are sometimes divided into subclasses, as sibilants, like s and sh, and spirants, like f and verb
- Sounded by friction, as certain musical instruments. See instrument, 3 .
- n. A fricative consonant. See I., 1.
- n. phonetics Any of several sounds produced by air flowing through a constriction in the oral cavity and typically producing a sibilant, hissing, or buzzing quality; a fricative consonant. English /f/ and /s/ are fricatives.
- adj. phonetics produced by air flowing through a restriction in the oral cavity.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. (Phon.) Produced by the friction or rustling of the breath, intonated or unintonated, through a narrow opening between two of the mouth organs; uttered through a close approach, but not with a complete closure, of the organs of articulation, and hence capable of being continued or prolonged; -- said of certain consonantal sounds, as
f, v, s, z, etc.
- n. a continuant consonant produced by breath moving against a narrowing of the vocal tract
- adj. of speech sounds produced by forcing air through a constricted passage (as `f', `s', `z', or `th' in both `thin' and `then')
- New Latin fricativus, from Classical Latin fricāre, present active infinitive of fricō ("I rub"). (Wiktionary)
- New Latin fricātīvus, from Latin fricātus, past participle of fricāre, to rub. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Now, considering the post you linked to regarding the potential phonetic realization of Minoan "d" and "z": would that man that "z" as a fricative is a "th" sound?”
“With all the grace on offer, you quibble at the absence of the word "fricative"?”
“I never noticed that "fricative" sounded close to a bad word, though, until I said it to my dad and he acted shocked.”
“Similarly, "fricative" consonants are soft-sounding like the "f" in "five" and convey a sense of smallness, he says, while”
“It's safest for this magazine's sanity if I substitute the words "chuffing" and "todd" for the concomitant seven- and four-letter words Bruce quietly drops everywhere, through habit rather than guile or anger; fricative and plosive, they're actually right in almost all contexts.”
“Yes, it's about a complete cessation of airflow with a sudden release -- a 'plosive' -- rather than a restriction causing 'fricative' turbulence.”
“The S is substituted there with an English H or the velar fricative that in Spanish is nowadays a J in many occasions.”
“But a Spanish J is not the equivalent of a Y, it is a velar fricative.”
“Two phonemes: a voiced dental fricative and a schwa.”
“Yes, it makes Sean Kingston's Beautiful Girls look like Sad-Eyed Lady of the Lowlands, but Mohombi isn't about furrowing brows, he's about fun with a capital bilabial fricative.”
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semantic, semiotic, linguistic, etc.
types of "reasoning"
words that meander or have a partial dimension:
words that "catch on": peano curves: fractalites
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