Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Any of several tropical Asian trees of the genus Santalum, especially S. album, having aromatic yellowish heartwood used in cabinetmaking and wood carving and yielding an oil used in perfumery.
  • n. Any of several tropical Asian trees of the genera Adenanthera, Myroporum, and Pterocarpus.
  • n. The wood of any of these trees.
  • n. A light to moderate or grayish brown.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Any of various tropical trees of the genus Santalum, native to India, Australia, Hawaii, and many south Pacific islands.
  • n. The aromatic heartwood of these trees used in ornamental carving, in the construction of insect-repellent boxes and chests, and as a source of certain perfumes.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The highly perfumed yellowish heartwood of an East Indian and Polynesian tree (Santalum album), and of several other trees of the same genus, as the Hawaiian Santalum Freycinetianum and S. pyrularium, the Australian S. latifolium, etc. The name is extended to several other kinds of fragrant wood.
  • n. Any tree of the genus Santalum, or a tree which yields sandalwood.
  • n. The red wood of a kind of buckthorn, used in Russia for dyeing leather (Rhamnus Dahuricus).

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The fragrant wood of the heart and roots of a tree of several species belonging to the genus Santalum; also, the tree itself.
  • n. Another East Indian tree, Adenanthera pavonina, with red wood, used as a dyestuff and otherwise. See Adenanthera.
  • n. In Australia, a small tree, Mida persicaria.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. close-grained fragrant yellowish heartwood of the true sandalwood; has insect repelling properties and is used for carving and cabinetwork

Etymologies

Middle English sandell, saundres, from Old French sandale, from Medieval Latin sandalum, from Ancient Greek σαγάλινος (santalinos, "of sandalwood"), from σάνδανον (sandanon), from Sanskrit (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • That is why they bathe babies in sandalwood water and wrap them in soft red malmal, color of luck.

    Excerpt: Sister of My Heart by Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni

  • Carvèd in sandalwood, fragrant with essences, spread with new pillows,

    Psalms of the Sisters

  • I wasn't prompted by instinct or anything of the kind, it was just that my nostrils had been almost unconsciously titillated for some time past by a perfume that I'd just identified as sandalwood, and as I am rather partial to it, I just wanted to see who was wearing it.

    Puppet on a Chain

  • The soil of India supports many kinds of useful trees -- sandalwood, which is employed in the construction of the finer kinds of furniture; ebony, with its dark wood; the teak-tree, which grows to a height of 130 feet, and forms immense forests in both the Indian peninsulas and in the Sunda

    From Pole to Pole A Book for Young People

  • In previous centuries, many forest resources such as sandalwood were depleted through uncontrolled exploitation.

    Timor and Wetar deciduous forests

  • Its a kind of sandalwood fragrance that one would expect if well versed with the Lutens line.

    The Sexiest Perfumes

  • Additional woody notes such as sandalwood, agarwood and vetiver create a cleaner and drier impression.

    Archive 2007-10-01

  • And in the Pacific, with CSIRO we have an exciting forest genetic resources program underway that will help Pacific Island countries conserve, improve and better promote the use of particular species such as sandalwood and mahogany that can be used in cosmetics, soaps, aromatherapy, perfumery and medicines.

    Forests, Wood and Livelihoods: Finding a Future for All

  • Use natural not chemical incense such as sandalwood, with its calming and cooling effect on the mind, or fragrances such as rose or frankincense.

    The Sivananda Companion To Meditation

  • The caste do this in the mornings, but in the afternoon they appear as Bairagis or ordinary beggars, and in the evening as sellers of various sacred articles, such as sandalwood,

    The Tribes and Castes of the Central Provinces of India—Volume I (of IV)

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