American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Any of several plants of the genus Heliotropium, especially H. arborescens, native to Peru and having small, highly fragrant purplish flowers. Also called turnsole.
- n. The garden heliotrope.
- n. Any of various plants that turn toward the sun.
- n. See bloodstone.
- n. A moderate, light, or brilliant violet to moderate or deep reddish purple.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In astronomy, an instrument for showing when the sun arrives at the solstitial points.
- n. A mirror arranged with a telescope and sights so as to flash a reflection of the sun to a great distance. The instrument is used in geodetic triangulation to mark a station. See heliograph, 1.
- n. A plant of the genus Heliotropium, of the natural order Boraginaceæ. The species are herbs or shrubs, mostly natives of the warmer parts of the world. They have alternate leaves and small purplish or lilac flowers usually disposed in scorpioid cymes. One species, H. Europæum, is a common European weed. H. Peruvianum, the Peruvian heliotrope, has long been a favorite garden-plant, on account of the fragrance of its flowers. The name has also been given to a composite plant. Also called
- n. The bluish-purple or pinkish-lilac color of some flowers of the heliotrope.
- n. A mineral, a subspecies of quartz, of a deep-green color, peculiarly pleasant to the eye. It is usually variegated with blood-red or yellowish dots of jasper, and is more or less translucent. Also called
bloodstone.—False heliotrope, Tournefortia heliotropoides. See Tournefortia.—
- n. A direct coal-tar color of the disazo type, derived from dianisidine. It dyes unmordanted cotton reddish violet in an alkaline salt bath.
- n. botany A plant that turns so that it faces the sun.
- n. botany Particularly, a purple-flowered plant of the species Heliotropium arborescens.
- n. A light purple or violet colour.
- n. The fragrance of heliotrope flowers.
- n. mineralogy A bloodstone (a variety of quartz).
- n. surveying An instrument, employed in triangulation, that uses a mirror to reflect sunlight toward another, very distant, surveyor.
- adj. Light purple or violet.
- adj. Keeping one’s face turned toward the sun.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Anc. Astron.) An instrument or machine for showing when the sun arrived at the tropics and equinoctial line.
- n. (Bot.) A plant of the genus Heliotropium; -- called also
turnsoleand girasole. Heliotropium Peruvianum is the commonly cultivated species with fragrant flowers.
- n. (Geodesy & Signal Service) An instrument for making signals to an observer at a distance, by means of the sun's rays thrown from a mirror.
- n. (Min.) See Bloodstone (a).
- n. green chalcedony with red spots that resemble blood
- From Ancient Greek ἡλιοτρόπιον, from ἥλιος ("sun") + τρέπω ("turn"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English elitrope (from Old English eliotropus) and French héliotrope, both from Latin hēliotropium, from Greek hēliotropion : hēlio-, helio- + tropos, turn; see trope. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The small aromatic flower which we call heliotrope, with its violet hue and delightful perfume, more nearly answers the description.”
“Deborah and I are very fond of it "-- here she sighed --" but for certain reasons -- reasons you would not understand -- we do not like to hear the word heliotrope mentioned.”
“It was marked out by something called heliotrope cyanosis.”
“The purple-brown spots and smears, called heliotrope, on her eyelids.”
“I would create the smell of purity", he says, but instead of choosing predictable "pure" acquatic or ozonic notes, the perfumer opts for the ingredients that would evoke "the color white": "I would use powdery floral notes such as heliotrope, but it would also be spicy, and have iris, also violets and woods.”
“I saw a picture in a book last fall of someone in California who had grown a heliotrope plant for several years and pruned it as a standard.”
“City, green giant heliotrope of hoop skirt, one helluva azimuth shadow, solar eclipse.”
“Local riverside walks have shown daisies growing, along with winter heliotrope often found near streams.”
“He poured water into the ashes to make a slurry and emptied it into the soil of a dwarf heliotrope growing by the window.”
““You know, the heliotrope has a very distinct meaning,” he said as I pushed open the door to leave.”
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