from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. See Heliotrope.
  • n. A variety of opal which is usually milk white, bluish white, or sky blue; but in a bright light it reflects a reddish color.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • One common explanation is that "Jerusalem" is a corruption of girasole, the Italian word for sunflower.

    NPR Topics: News

  • Incidentally the name 'Giravanz' is a combination of the Italian words for 'sunflower', the official flower of Kitakyushu, and 'advance' 'girasole' and 'avanzare'.

    When was the last season in which no top-flight manager lost their job? | The Knowledge

  • Page Summary girasole: (no subject) [+0] la_marquise_de_: (no subject) [+0] julieandrews: (no subject) [+0] shweta_narayan: (no subject) [+0]

    Beastly Bride!!!!

  • The Americans (reigning champs at mispronouncing things) thought the Italians meant “Jerusalem” when they said “girasole,” and voila.

    Green Beat: Society and Style

  • Its original Italian name, “girasole articicco” (meaning “sunflower artichoke”), was given based on its looks and taste.

    Green Beat: Society and Style

  • And so, via girasole, the best-ever adopta-mom, the Booklist review for GRAIL QUEST: THE CAMELOT SPELL!


  • Just a bit of trivia. i believe the name “Jerusalem” in this case is a corruption of the italian word for sunflower, which is “girasole” i.e. turn to the sun.

    What I Ate Last Night Department - Bitten Blog -

  • Nothing to do with Jerusalem, the name is a anglicization of “girasole” — turning to the sun in Italian — which reflects its sunflower “roots.”

    What I Ate Last Night Department - Bitten Blog -

  • The name of the artichoke, it turns out, is a funny thing - it's not really an artichoke (it's a tuber, like a potato), and it has no connection to jerusalem (it's a mis-pronunciation of the Italian word for sunflower, girasole).

    Archive 2008-01-01

  • The one that surprised me the most was “Jerusalem artichoke”; the original name of that vegetable was “girasole artichoke” and over time “girasole” was corrupted to “Jersualem”.

    For All Intensive Purposes

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  • Italian - sunflower.

    October 31, 2008