American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Glycerol or a preparation of glycerol.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A transparent, colorless, hygroscopic liquid (C3H5(OH)3), with a sweet taste and syrupy consistence. It occurs in natural fats combined with fatty acids, and is obtained from them by saponification with alkalis or by the action of superheated steam. It is a triatomic alcohol, and dissolves the alkalis, alkaline earths, and some metallic oxids, forming compounds analogous to the alcoholates. It is used in medicine as an emollient and protective dressing, with which, from its consistence and solvent properties, many substances can be incorporated; it absorbs watery discharges, and has some astringent action. The name is also applied to mixtures of glycerin with various substances, whether involving solution or not: as, glycerin of gallic acid; glycerin of starch. It is used in the arts for a great variety of purposes: for example, in soaps and cosmetics, for preserving animal and vegetable substances, in paper-making, and in the manufacture of nitroglycerin and dynamite. Also called glycerol, glycerole, glycerina, and glycerinum.
- n. Formerly a general designation for compounds similar to glycerol in that they contain three hydroxyl groups.
- n. organic chemistry alternative spelling of glycerine.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Chem.) An oily, viscous liquid, C3H5(OH)3, colorless and odorless, and with a hot, sweetish taste, existing in the natural fats and oils as the base, combined with various acids, as oleic, margaric, stearic, and palmitic. It may be obtained by saponification of fats and oils. It is a triatomic alcohol, and hence is also called
glycerol. See Note under gelatin.
- n. a sweet syrupy trihydroxy alcohol obtained by saponification of fats and oils
- From French glycérine, from Ancient Greek γλυκερός (glukeros, "sweet"). (Wiktionary)
- French glycérine, from Greek glukeros, sweet. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Because they are in glycerin, the colorant does not start the fizzing reaction in your bath bomb that a water-based colorant would set off.”
“Am I right to assume that the extra glycerin is to make the soap more pliable for rolling?”
“Val, yes, the liquid glycerin is for help with the pliability (is that even a word?)”
“This is sometimes called a glycerin extract and has a sweet flavor that is quite appealing to children.”
“The reason it's attractive to counterfeiters is that it has the same consistency of glycerin, which is something that's used in a lot of cough syrup.”
“In the U.S. meanwhile, crude glycerin, which is a byproduct of soap, fatty acid and fatty alcohol production, has been piling up to excess.”
“Following 100 deaths in Panama linked to cough syrup containing diethylene glycol (the ingredient had been mislabeled as glycerin, which is harmless), the FDA issued an import alert on all toothpaste made in China, tested the tubes it could find for the toxin and recalled the questionable batches.”
“The surging popularity of low-fat and low-carbohydrate foods is also giving a lift to glycerin, which is an ingredient in such products.”
“This is probably due to the fact that it is 100% glycerin which is not entirely saponifiable by lye.”
“Learned medical and physiological writers often speak of glycerin as the”
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