Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A colorless, flammable, liquid aromatic hydrocarbon, C6H6, derived from petroleum and used in or to manufacture a wide variety of chemical products, including DDT, detergents, insecticides, and motor fuels. Also called benzine, benzol.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. An aromatic hydrocarbon of formula C6H6 whose structure consists of a ring of alternate single and double bonds.
  • n. Sometimes used in place of the phenyl group

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A volatile, very inflammable liquid, C6H6, contained in the naphtha produced by the destructive distillation of coal, from which it is separated by fractional distillation. The name is sometimes applied also to the impure commercial product or benzole, and also, but rarely, to a similar mixed product of petroleum.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A hydrocarbon (C6H6) formed whenever organic bodies are subjected to destructive distillation at a high temperature, and obtained commercially from coal-tar.
  • n. Same as benzin or benzine.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a colorless liquid hydrocarbon; highly inflammable; carcinogenic; the simplest of the aromatic compounds

Etymologies

A technical term in chemistry, adopted in English in 1835 as benzine (benzene from 1872), from German Benzin, which was coined in 1833 by Eilhardt Mitscherlich based on Benzoesäure "benzoic acid", plus the technical ending -ene (German -in) denoting hydrocarbons. benzoic in turn is an adjective formed from benzoin, originally a term for a balsamic resin. (Wiktionary)

Examples

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