American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A scuffle; a brawl. See Synonyms at brawl.
- n. A heated dispute or contest.
- v. Archaic To alarm; frighten.
- v. Archaic To drive away.
- v. To strain; chafe: repeated noises that fray the nerves.
- v. To wear away (the edges of fabric, for example) by rubbing.
- v. To become worn away or tattered along the edges.
- n. A frayed or threadbare spot, as on fabric.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. An affray; a battle; an assault; a quarrel with violence.
- n. A brawl; a riot; a mêlée.
- n. A chase; a hunt.
- n. Synonyms Mêlée, Brawl, etc. See quarrel, n.
- To put in fear; terrify; frighten; deter by fear.
- To maltreat; misuse.
- To contend; combat; fight.
- To rub; grate.
- To rub away the surface of; fret, as cloth by wearing, or the skin by friction; especially, to ravel out the edge of, as a piece of stuff, by drawing out threads of the warp so that the threads of the weft make a kind of fringe: in this sense usually with out.
- To rub against something.
- To yield to rubbing or fretting; ravel out, as cloth.
- n. A fret or chafe in cloth, a cord, etc.; a place injured or weakened by rubbing: as, a fray in an angler's line.
- v. intransitive To unravel; used particularly for the edge of something made of cloth, or the end of a rope.
- v. intransitive, figuratively To cause exhaustion, wear out (a person's mental strength).
- v. transitive (archaic) frighten
- n. Affray; broil; contest; combat; brawl; melee.
- n. archaic fright
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. An angry quarrel; an affray; contest; combat; broil.
- v. To frighten; to terrify; to alarm.
- v. obsolete To bear the expense of; to defray.
- v. To rub; to wear off, or wear into shreds, by rubbing; to fret, as cloth.
- v. To rub.
- v. To wear out or into shreads, or to suffer injury by rubbing, as when the threads of the warp or of the woof wear off so that the cross threads are loose; to ravel.
- n. A fret or chafe, as in cloth; a place injured by rubbing.
- v. cause friction
- v. wear away by rubbing
- n. a noisy fight
- From Old French frayer, from Latin fricō. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English frai, shortening of affrai; see affray.Middle English fraien, to wear, bruise, from Old French fraier, to rub, from Latin fricāre. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Real Madrid also got back into the title fray, beating Valencia 2-0 after Barcelona could only draw 0-0 with Espanyol.”
“It's great for small kitchen wares, but hidden away in the fray is Mercado Senora, or the "witches market.”
“One of the most prominent voices to jump into the fray is popular right-wing radio host and author Mark Levin, who went on Facebook yesterday and ripped Beck:”
“While this fray is playing itself out, President Barack Obama announces that, in the spirit of his long-hoped-for "bipartisanship," he is not merely willing but actually eager to work with the new Republican House and Republican Senate on budgetary matters.”
“Sometimes the scientists are almost the only ones with the capability of really getting particular nuances of an issue, and scientists being in the fray is sometimes the only way to keep the politicians, lobbyists, etc., vaguely honest.”
“Levitt deserves to respond as he considers appropriate and the assumption that there are posh academics above the fray is responsible for the misrepresentations of the work of professionals.”
“Trying to predict who will emerge from the fray is problematic.”
“Therewith the slaves ran at him with their blades so bright and their lances so long; and at their head rode a Turkish horseman who was indeed a stout champion, doughty in fray and in battle chance and skilled to wield the nut-brown lance and the blade with bright glance.”
“Quoth Zau al-Makan, “I desire to even thee in fray and I will not be niggard of myself before thee in the melay.””
“The self-conscious balladic simplicity of the Mask, including its adoption of the popular-print and pamphlet idioms, is further evidence of his attempt to "throw his voice" into the fray from a position outside it.”
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words for fighting
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Words and collocations associated with political scandal
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Non-frequentative verbs which also have a frequentative form (which you may add to the list “Frequentative”, if you like)
Examples include bob (bobble), busk (bustle), dab (dabble), ho...
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