from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The process or instance of breaking open or bursting.
- n. The state of being broken open.
- n. A break in friendly relations.
- n. Pathology A hernia, especially of the groin or intestines.
- n. Pathology A tear in an organ or a tissue: rupture of an appendix; ligament rupture.
- transitive v. To break open; burst.
- intransitive v. To undergo or suffer a rupture.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A burst, split, or break.
- n. A social breach or break, between individuals or groups.
- n. A break or tear in soft tissue, such as a muscle.
- n. A failure mode in which a tough ductile material pulls apart rather than cracking.
- v. To burst, break through, or split, as under pressure.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The act of breaking apart, or separating; the state of being broken asunder.
- n. Breach of peace or concord between individuals; open hostility or war between nations; interruption of friendly relations.
- n. Hernia. See Hernia.
- n. A bursting open, as of a steam boiler, in a less sudden manner than by explosion. See Explosion.
- transitive v. To part by violence; to break; to burst.
- transitive v. To produce a hernia in.
- intransitive v. To suffer a breach or disruption.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The act of breaking or bursting; the state of being broken or violently parted: as, a rupture of the skin; the rupture of a vessel or fiber.
- n. In pathology, hernia, especially abdominal hernia.
- n. A breach of peace or concord, either between individuals or between nations; open hostility or war between nations; a quarrel.
- n. Synonyms Breach, etc. See fracture.
- To break; burst; part by violence: as, to rupture a blood-vessel.
- To affect with or cause to suffer from rupture or hernia.
- To cause a break or severance of: as, to rupture friendly relations.
- To suffer a break or rupture; break.
- In botany, specifically, to dehisce irregularly; dehisce in a ruptile manner.
- n. In mech.: The splitting or tearing of a boiler or tank from internal pressure or stress, as distinguished from an explosion in which it flies into pieces.
- n. A breakage or tearing apart by tensile stress in excess of the resisting capacity of the piece.
- To tear apart; open along a line or at one point, without destroying the whole structure: said of boilers or tanks, as distinguished from explode.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. state of being torn or burst open
- n. the act of making a sudden noisy break
- n. a personal or social separation (as between opposing factions)
- v. separate or cause to separate abruptly
Middle English, from Old French, from Latin ruptūra, from ruptus, past participle of rumpere, to break.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From French rupture, or its source, Latin ruptura ("a breaking, rupture (of a limb or vein), in Medieval Latin also a road, a field, a form of feudal tenure, a tax, etc."), from the participle stem of rumpere ("to break, burst"). (Wiktionary)