Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To divide from end to end or along the grain by or as if by a sharp blow. See Synonyms at tear1.
  • transitive v. To break, burst, or rip apart with force; rend. See Synonyms at break.
  • transitive v. To affect with force in a way that suggests tearing apart: A lightning bolt split the night sky.
  • transitive v. To separate (people or groups, for example); disunite.
  • transitive v. To divide and share: split a dessert.
  • transitive v. To divide, as for convenience or proper ordering: split the project up into stages.
  • transitive v. To separate (leather, for example) into layers.
  • transitive v. To mark (a vote or ballot) in favor of candidates from different parties.
  • transitive v. To divide (stock) by issuing multiples of the existing stock with a corresponding reduction in the price of each share, so that the total value of the stock is unchanged.
  • transitive v. Sports To win half the games of (a series or double-header).
  • transitive v. Slang To depart from; leave: a mobster who suddenly split town.
  • intransitive v. To become separated into parts, especially to undergo lengthwise division.
  • intransitive v. To become broken or ripped apart, especially from internal pressure.
  • intransitive v. To become or admit of being divided: Let's split up into teams. This poem doesn't split up into stanzas very well.
  • intransitive v. Informal To become divided or part company as a result of discord or disagreement: She split with the regular party organization. They split up after a year of marriage.
  • intransitive v. To divide or share something with others.
  • intransitive v. Slang To depart; leave: All the older kids have split to go dancing.
  • n. The act of splitting or the result of it.
  • n. A breach or rupture in a group.
  • n. A splinter.
  • n. Something divided and portioned out; a share.
  • n. Sports The recorded time for an interval or segment of a race.
  • n. A strip of flexible wood used for making baskets.
  • n. A bottle of an alcoholic or carbonated beverage half the usual size.
  • n. A drink of half the usual quantity.
  • n. A half pint.
  • n. A dessert of sliced fruit, ice cream, and toppings.
  • n. Sports An acrobatic feat in which the legs are stretched out straight in opposite directions at right angles to the trunk. Often used in the plural.
  • n. Sports An arrangement of bowling pins left standing after a bowl, in which two or more pins remain standing with one or more pins between them knocked down.
  • n. A single thickness of a split hide.
  • adj. Having been divided or separated.
  • adj. Fissured longitudinally; cleft.
  • adj. Quoted in 16ths rather than in 8ths. Used of stocks.
  • adj. Having been split. Used of stocks.
  • idiom split hairs To see or make trivial distinctions; quibble.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. See split (verb).
  • adj. Having the middle group equal to the direct product of the others.
  • adj. Comprising half decaffeinated and half caffeinated espresso.
  • n. A crack or longitudinal fissure.
  • n. A breach or separation, as in a political party; a division.
  • n. A piece that is split off, or made thin, by splitting; a splinter; a fragment.
  • n. One of the sections of a skin made by dividing it into two or more thicknesses.
  • n. The acrobatic feat of spreading the legs flat on the floor 180 degrees apart, either sideways to the body or with one leg in front and one behind.
  • n. A split-finger fastball.
  • n. A result of a first throw that leaves two or more pins standing with one or more pins between them knocked down.
  • n. A dessert or confection resembling a banana split.
  • n. A unit of measure used for champagne or other spirits: 18.75 centiliter or 1/4 quarter of a standard .75 liter bottle. Commercially comparable to 1/20th (US) gallon, which is 1/2 of a fifth.
  • n. A bottle of wine containing 0.375 liters, 1/2 the volume of a standard .75 liter bottle; a demi.
  • n. The elapsed time at specific intermediate point(s) in a race.
  • n. A tear resulting from tensile stresses.
  • n. A division of a stake happening when two cards of the kind on which the stake is laid are dealt in the same turn.
  • v. Of something solid, to divide fully or partly along a more or less straight line.
  • v. To share; to divide.
  • v. To leave.
  • v. to separate or break up.
  • v. Simple past tense and past participle of split.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Divided; cleft.
  • adj. Divided deeply; cleft.
  • adj.
  • adj. Divided so as to be done or executed part at one time or price and part at another time or price; -- said of an order, sale, etc.
  • adj. Of quotations, given in sixteenth, quotations in eighths being regular.
  • adj. Designating ordinary stock that has been divided into preferred ordinary and deferred ordinary.
  • n. A crack, rent, or longitudinal fissure.
  • n. A breach or separation, as in a political party; a division.
  • n. A piece that is split off, or made thin, by splitting; a splinter; a fragment.
  • n. One of the sections of a skin made by dividing it into two or more thicknesses.
  • n. A division of a stake happening when two cards of the kind on which the stake is laid are dealt in the same turn.
  • n.
  • n. Any of the three or four strips into which osiers are commonly cleft for certain kinds of work; -- usually in pl.
  • n. Any of the dents of a reed.
  • n. Any of the air currents in a mine formed by dividing a larger current.
  • n. Short for Split shot or split stroke.
  • n. The feat of going down to the floor so that the legs extend in a straight line, either with one on each side or with one in front and the other behind.
  • n. A small bottle (containing about half a pint) of some drink; -- so called as containing half the quantity of the customary smaller commercial size of bottle; also, a drink of half the usual quantity; a half glass.
  • n. The substitution of more than one share of a corporation's stock for one share. The market price of the stock usually drops in proportion to the increase in outstanding shares of stock. The split may be in any ratio, .
  • n. The division by a player of one hand of blackjack into two hands, allowed when the first two cards dealt to a player have the same value; the player who chooses to split is obliged to increase the amount wagered by placing a sum equal to the original bet on the new hand thus created. See split{6}, v.i.
  • intransitive v. To part asunder; to be rent; to burst.
  • intransitive v. To be broken; to be dashed to pieces.
  • intransitive v. To separate into parties or factions.
  • intransitive v. To burst with laughter.
  • intransitive v. To divulge a secret; to betray confidence; to peach.
  • intransitive v. To divide one hand of blackjack into two hands; -- a strategy allowed to a player when the first two cards dealt to the player have the same value.
  • intransitive v. To leave; to depart (from a place or gathering).
  • transitive v. To divide lengthwise; to separate from end to end, esp. by force; to divide in the direction of the grain or layers; to rive; to cleave.
  • transitive v. To burst; to rupture; to rend; to tear asunder.
  • transitive v. To divide or break up into parts or divisions, as by discord; to separate into parts or parties, as a political party; to disunite.
  • transitive v. To divide or separate into components; -- often used with up.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To cleave or rend lengthwise; separate or part in two from end to end forcibly or by cutting; rive; cleave.
  • To tear asunder by violence; burst; rend: as, to split a rock or a sail.
  • To divide; break into parts.
  • To cause division or disunion in; separate or cause to separate into parts or parties, as by discord.
  • In leather manufacturing, to divide (a skin) parallel with one of its surfaces. See splitting-machine.
  • In coal-mining, to divide (a current of air passing through any part of a mine) so that various districts, as required, shall be supplied.
  • = Syn. 1–3. Tear, Cleave, etc. See rend.
  • To break or part lengthwise; suffer longitudinal division; become divided or cleft: as, timber that splits easily.
  • To part asunder; suffer disruption; burst; break in pieces: as, the sails split in the gale.
  • Figuratively, to burst with laughter.
  • To differ; separate; disagree.
  • To divulge secrets; inform upon one's accomplices; betray confidence.
  • To vote for candidates of opposite parties. See to split one's votes, under I.
  • To run or walk with long strides.
  • Divided; separated; rent; fractured.
  • In botany, deeply divided into segments; cleft.
  • Opened, dressed, and cured, as fish: opposed to round.
  • In agriculture, same as cleave, 4.
  • In faro, to divide (a bet). When two cards of the same denomination come out of the box on the same turn, the banker splits all bets on that card, taking half the amount for himself.
  • In whist, noting a hand which contains four trumps and three of each of the plain suits.
  • In glass manufacturing, said of a cut made by a mitered wheel and showing an acute angle.
  • n. A splinter; a fragment; a sliver.
  • n. One of a number of short flat strips of steel, cane, etc., placed in vertical parallel order at small distances from one another in a frame to form the reed of a loom. The threads of the web are passed through the splits, which beat up the weft to compact the fabric.
  • n. An osier, or willow twig, split so as to have one side flat, used in basket-making in certain parts of the work.
  • n. A lath-like strip of bog-fir used in the rural districts of Ireland as a candle or torch.
  • n. plural In leather manufacturing, skins which have been separated into two layers by the cutting-machine.
  • n. A crack, rent, or longitudinal fissure.
  • n. A division or separation, as in a political party; a schism; a breach: as, there is a split in the cabinet.
  • n. Same as split stroke. See split, p. a.
  • n. In printing, a small spindle placed below the carriage of a printing-press, about which leather belts wind in opposite directions and lead to opposite ends of the carriage. By turning this spindle by a crank attached, the carriage is moved in or out.
  • n. plural Among acrobats, the feat of going down on the ground with each leg extended laterally: as, to do the splits.
  • n. An occasion for splitting or dividing that which could otherwise be claimed by one person: thus, in faro, a split occurs when two cards of the same value appear together, and the better loses half of his stake.
  • n. A split fish: as, Nova Scotia splits: a trade-name.
  • n. A division of the air-current in a coalmine.
  • n. A small or half bottle of aërated water; also, a half glass of brandy or the like.
  • n. In glass-cutting, an acute-angled cut made by a mitered wheel.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. extending the legs at right angles to the trunk (one in front and the other in back)
  • n. an increase in the number of outstanding shares of a corporation without changing the shareholders' equity
  • n. division of a group into opposing factions
  • n. an opening made forcibly as by pulling apart
  • v. separate or cut with a tool, such as a sharp instrument
  • n. a bottle containing half the usual amount
  • v. come open suddenly and violently, as if from internal pressure
  • n. the act of rending or ripping or splitting something
  • v. separate into parts or portions
  • adj. (especially of wood) cut or ripped longitudinally with the grain
  • n. an old Croatian city on the Adriatic Sea
  • n. (tenpin bowling) a divided formation of pins left standing after the first bowl
  • n. a dessert of sliced fruit and ice cream covered with whipped cream and cherries and nuts
  • n. a lengthwise crack in wood
  • adj. having been divided; having the unity destroyed
  • v. discontinue an association or relation; go different ways
  • n. a promised or claimed share of loot or money
  • v. go one's own way; move apart

Etymologies

Dutch splitten, from Middle Dutch.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
c. 1567, from Middle Dutch splitten, from Proto-Germanic *splītanan (compare Frisian/Danish splitte, German spleißen), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)plei- 'to split, splice' (compare Old English speld 'splinter', Old High German spaltan 'to split', Old Irish sliss 'splinter', Latin spolium 'stripped hide', Lithuanian spaliai 'flax shives', Old Church Slavonic rasplatiti 'to cleave, split', Ancient Greek aspalon 'skin, hide', spólas 'flayed skin', Albanian flugë ("shingle"), Sanskrit sphaṭati 'it bursts'). (Wiktionary)

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