American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. An upright post with a transverse piece near the top, on which condemned persons were executed in ancient times.
- n. The upright post with a transverse piece upon which Jesus was crucified.
- n. A crucifix.
- n. Any of various modifications of the cross design, such as a Latin cross or Maltese cross.
- n. A medal, emblem, or insignia in the form of cross.
- n. The Christian religion; Christianity.
- n. In Christianity, a sign made by tracing the outline of a cross with the right hand upon the forehead and chest as a devotional act.
- n. A trial, affliction, or frustration. See Synonyms at burden1.
- n. A mark or pattern formed by the intersection of two lines, especially such a mark (X) used as a signature.
- n. A movement from one place to another, as on a stage; a crossing.
- n. A pipe fitting with four branches in upright and transverse form, used as a junction for intersecting pipes.
- n. Biology A plant or animal produced by crossbreeding; a hybrid.
- n. Biology The process of crossbreeding; hybridization.
- n. One that combines the qualities of two other things: a novel that is a cross between romance and satire.
- n. Sports A hook thrown over an opponent's punch in boxing.
- n. Law An act or instance of cross-examining; a cross-examination.
- n. The Southern Cross.
- n. Slang A contest whose outcome has been dishonestly prearranged.
- v. To go or extend across; pass from one side of to the other: crossed the room to greet us; a bridge that crosses the bay.
- v. To carry or conduct across something: crossed the horses at the ford.
- v. To extend or pass through or over; intersect: Elm Street crosses Oak Street.
- v. To delete or eliminate by or as if by drawing a line through: crossed tasks off her list as she did them.
- v. To make or put a line across: Cross your t's.
- v. To place crosswise one over the other: cross one's legs.
- v. To make the sign of the cross upon or over as a sign of devotion.
- v. To encounter in passing: His path crossed mine.
- v. To combine the qualities of two things: a movie that crosses horror with humor.
- v. Informal To interfere with; thwart or obstruct: Don't cross me.
- v. To betray or deceive; double-cross. Often used with up.
- v. Biology To crossbreed or cross-fertilize (plants or animals).
- v. To lie or pass across each other; intersect.
- v. To move or extend from one side to another: crossed through Canada en route to Alaska.
- v. To make a crossing: crossed into Germany from Switzerland.
- v. To meet in passing; come into conjunction: Their paths crossed at the health club.
- v. To move or be conveyed in opposite directions at the same time: Our letters must have crossed in the mail.
- v. Biology To crossbreed or cross-fertilize.
- adj. Lying or passing crosswise; intersecting: a cross street.
- adj. Contrary or counter; opposing.
- adj. Showing ill humor; annoyed.
- adj. Involving interchange; reciprocal.
- adj. Crossbred; hybrid.
- adv. Crosswise.
- prep. Across.
- cross over To change from one condition or loyalty to another.
- cross over Genetics To exchange genetic material. Used of homologous chromosomes.
- cross up To ruin completely: Their lack of cooperation crossed up the whole project.
- idiom. cross (one's) mind To come to know; realize: It crossed my mind that you might want to leave early.
- idiom. cross (someone's) palm To pay, tip, or bribe.
- idiom. cross swords To quarrel or fight.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Transverse; passing from side to side; falling athwart: as, a cross beam (cross-beam).
- Passing or referring from one of two objects, parts, groups, etc., to the other; establishing a direct connection of some kind between two things: as, a cross cut (cross-cut), or a short path between two places; a cross reference.
- Adverse; opposed; thwarting; obstructing; untoward: sometimes with to: as, an event cross to our inclinations.
- Peevish; fretful; ill-humored; petulant; perverse: applied to persons.
- Proceeding from a peevish or bad temper; expressing ill humor: as, a cross look; cross words.
- Contrary; contradictory; perplexing.
- Proceeding from an adverse party by way of reciprocal contest: as, a cross interrogatory. See below.
- Produced by cross-breeding, as an animal or a plant.
- Synonyms Peevish, Fretful, etc. (see petulant), snappish, touchy, ill-natured, morose, sullen, sulky, sour.
- Transversely; contrariwise; adversely; in opposition.
- To draw or run a line athwart or across (a figure or surface); lay or pass a thing across (another); put together transversely: as, to cross the letter t; the two roads cross each other.
- To erase by marking one or more lines or crosses on or over; cancel; often followed by off or out: as, to cross or cross off an account; to cross out a wrong word.
- To make the sign of the cross upon, as in devotion.
- To pass from side to side of; pass or move over transversely: as, to cross a road; to cross a river or the ocean.
- To cause to go or pass over; transport across a body of water.
- To thwart; obstruct; hinder; oppose; contradict; counteract; clash with: as, to be crossed in love.
- To debar or preclude.
- To cause to interbreed; mix the breed or strain of, as animals or plants.
- Nautical, to hoist from the deck and put in place on the mast, as any of the lighter yards of a square-rigged vessel.
- To meet and pass.
- To lie or be athwart or across: said of two or more things in their relation to one another: as, the lines cross; the roads cross.
- To move or pass laterally or from one side toward the other, or transversely from place to place.
- To be inconsistent.
- To interbreed, as cattle; mix breeds.
- To happen (upon); come (upon).
- Athwart; over; from side to side of, so as to intersect: as, to ride cross country.
- n. The staff of a bishop; a crozier.
- n. In geometry, the point determined by two straight lines: the intersection of two straight lines.
- Dishonest; not honestly come by; not on the square: as, a cross horse.
- In logic, having an extensive part in common, without including or being included. Cross terms are such terms as living and corruptible, if there are things that are both living and corruptible, others living but incorruptible, others not living but corruptible, whether there is or is not anything neither living nor corruptible.
- In euchre, when the trump is turned down, to make it the opposite color.
- n. A geometrical figure consisting of two straight lines or bars intersecting each other such that at least one of them is bisected by the other.
- n. heraldry Any geometric figure having this or a similar shape, such as a cross of Lorraine or a Maltese cross.
- n. A wooden post with a perpendicular beam attached and used (especially in the Roman Empire) to execute criminals (by crucifixion).
- n. The cross on which Christ was crucified.
- n. A hand gesture made by Catholics in imitation of the shape of the Cross.
- n. Christianity A modified representation of the crucifixion stake, worn as jewellery or displayed as a symbol of religious devotion.
- n. figurative A difficult situation that must be endured.
- n. The act of going across; the act of passing from one side to the other
- n. biology Animal or plant produced by crossbreeding or cross-fertilization.
- n. boxing A hook thrown over the opponent's punch.
- n. soccer A pass in which the ball travels from by one touchline across the pitch.
- n. A place where roads intersect and lead off in four directions; a crossroad (common in UK and Irish place names such as Gerrards Cross).
- n. A monument that marks such a place. (Also common in UK or Irish place names such as Charing Cross)
- n. Four edge cubies of one side that are in their right places, forming the shape of a cross.
- adj. Transverse; lying across the main direction.
- adj. archaic Opposite, opposed to.
- adj. Opposing, adverse; being contrary to what one would hope or wish for.
- adj. Bad-tempered, angry, annoyed.
- prep. archaic across
- prep. cross product of the previous vector and the following vector.
- v. To mark with an X.
- v. transitive To go from one side of (something) to the other.
- v. intransitive To travel in a direction or path that will intersect with that of another.
- v. transitive To contradict (another) or frustrate the plans of.
- v. To make the sign of the cross over oneself.
- v. cricket, reciprocally Of both batsmen, to pass each other when running between the wickets in order to score runs.
- v. biology to cross-fertilize or crossbreed.
- v. law to conduct a cross examination; to question a hostile witness
- v. soccer To pass the ball from one side of the pitch to the other side.
- v. rugby To score a try.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A gibbet, consisting of two pieces of timber placed transversely upon one another, in various forms, as a T, or +, with the horizontal piece below the upper end of the upright, or as an X. It was anciently used in the execution of criminals.
- n. The sign or mark of the cross, made with the finger, or in ink, etc., or actually represented in some material; the symbol of Christ's death; the ensign and chosen symbol of Christianity, of a Christian people, and of Christendom.
- n. Affiction regarded as a test of patience or virtue; trial; disappointment; opposition; misfortune.
- n. A piece of money stamped with the figure of a cross, also, that side of such a piece on which the cross is stamped; hence, money in general.
- n. An appendage or ornament or anything in the form of cross; a badge or ornamental device of the general shape of a cross; hence, such an ornament, even when varying considerably from that form; thus, the Cross of the British Order of St. George and St. Michael consists of a central medallion with seven arms radiating from it.
- n. (Arch.) A monument in the form of cross, or surmounted by a cross, set up in a public place.
- n. (Her.) A common heraldic bearing, of which there are many varieties. See the Illustration, above.
- n. The crosslike mark or symbol used instead of a signature by those unable to write.
- n. Ireland, obsolete Church lands.
- n. A line drawn across or through another line.
- n. A mixing of breeds or stock, especially in cattle breeding; or the product of such intermixture; a hybrid of any kind.
- n. (Surveying) An instrument for laying of offsets perpendicular to the main course.
- n. (Mech.) A pipe-fitting with four branches the axes of which usually form's right angle.
- adj. Not parallel; lying or falling athwart; transverse; oblique; intersecting.
- adj. Not accordant with what is wished or expected; interrupting; adverse; contrary; thwarting; perverse.
- adj. Characterized by, or in a state of, peevishness, fretfulness, or ill humor.
- adj. Made in an opposite direction, or an inverse relation; mutually inverse; interchanged.
- prep. Archaic or Colloq. Athwart; across.
- v. To put across or athwart; to cause to intersect.
- v. To lay or draw something, as a line, across.
- v. To pass from one side to the other of; to pass or move over; to traverse.
- v. To pass, as objects going in an opposite direction at the same time.
- v. To run counter to; to thwart; to obstruct; to hinder; to clash or interfere with.
- v. obsolete To interfere and cut off; to debar.
- v. To make the sign of the cross upon; -- followed by the reflexive pronoun.
- v. To cancel by marking crosses on or over, or drawing a line across; to erase; -- usually with
out, off, or over.
- v. To cause to interbreed; -- said of different stocks or races; to mix the breed of.
- v. To lie or be athwart.
- v. To move or pass from one side to the other, or from place to place; to make a transit.
- v. obsolete To be inconsistent.
- v. To interbreed, as races; to mix distinct breeds.
- n. a representation of the structure on which Jesus was crucified; used as an emblem of Christianity or in heraldry
- v. breed animals or plants using parents of different races and varieties
- v. meet and pass
- n. a wooden structure consisting of an upright post with a transverse piece
- v. travel across or pass over
- adj. extending or lying across; in a crosswise direction; at right angles to the long axis
- n. (genetics) the act of mixing different species or varieties of animals or plants and thus to produce hybrids
- v. hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of
- n. a marking that consists of lines that cross each other
- n. any affliction that causes great suffering
- n. (genetics) an organism that is the offspring of genetically dissimilar parents or stock; especially offspring produced by breeding plants or animals of different varieties or breeds or species
- v. meet at a point
- v. fold so as to resemble a cross
- v. trace a line through or across
- adj. annoyed and irritable
- v. to cover or extend over an area or time period
- From Middle English cross, cros, from Old English cros ("rood, cross"), of North Germanic origin, from Old Norse kross ("cross"), perhaps from Old Irish cros (compare Welsh croes, Gaelic crois), from Latin crux. Cognate with Icelandic kross ("cross"), Danish kors ("cross"), Swedish kors ("cross"). Displaced native Middle English rood ("rood, cross"), from Old English rōd ("cross, rood, crucifix, pole"); see rood. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English cros, from Old English, probably from Old Norse kross, from Old Irish cros, from Latin crux. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“However, I love seeing the simple 'garden spider' / 'cross spider', the one that weaves beautiful webs in my garden and has a white cross pattern on its back.”
“What makes you think anything about the cross dressing in 'cross and single speed MTB is ironic?”
“If we ask what the question is that the passage overall poses, or what the change is that needs to be taking place over the time of the passage's narration, it is about the move from desolation in the face of the cross (Jesus 'cross and the implicit demand for the disciple to carry the cross also) to confidence that the process is the work of love coming from and leading to the Father.”
“In fact, what came out in cross examination, through Mark Geragos 'cross examination, is that there were at least 243 different locations throughout the bay that were being searched by those divers.”
“It crept onwards towards the station of the cross, but -- _it never reached the cross_.”
“II. ii.157 (47,6) [For I am that way going to temptation, Where prayers cross] Which way Angelo is going to temptation, we begin to perceive; but how _prayers cross_ that way, or cross each other, at that way, more than any other, I do not understand.”
“World Cup soccer teams in terrorists 'cross hairs AL Qaeda has put the American and British soccer teams directly in its cross hairs, circulating word online that the athletes are prime targets for an attack at the World Cup Games in South Africa in June, FOXNews. com reports.”
“Roberts steered home from Gary Roberts 'cross (26) and Robinson volleyed a cross by midfielder Anthony Pilkington into the roof of the net (68) to clinch victory.”
“The Mead boys 'cross country team, which won 15 WIAA cross country titles from 1976 to”
“Fletcher out-jumped Jamie Carragher to meet Martin Paterson's right-wing cross but headed over, and Cork should have scored from Tyrone Mears 'cross two minutes before half-time but directed his header straight at Jose Reina who saved low at the second attempt.”
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