from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A ceremonial staff borne or displayed as the symbol of authority of a legislative body.
- n. A macebearer.
- n. A heavy medieval war club with a spiked or flanged metal head, used to crush armor.
- n. An aromatic spice made from the dried, waxy, scarlet or yellowish covering that partly encloses the kernel of the nutmeg.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A heavy fighting club.
- n. A ceremonial form of this weapon.
- n. A spice obtained from the outer layer of the kernel of the fruit of the nutmeg.
- n. A common name for some types of tear gas and pepper spray.
- n. A long baton used by some drum majors to keep time and lead a marching band. If this baton is referred to as a mace, by convention it has a ceremonial often decorative head, which, if of metal, usually is hollow and sometimes intricately worked.
- v. To spray in defense or attack with mace (pepper spray, or, formerly, tear gas) using a hand-held device.
- v. To spray a similar noxious chemical in defense or attack using an available hand-held device such as an aerosol spray can.
- v. To hit someone or something with a mace.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A money of account in China equal to one tenth of a tael; also, a weight of 57.98 grains.
- n. A kind of spice; the aril which partly covers nutmegs. See nutmeg.
- n. A heavy staff or club of metal; a spiked club; -- used as weapon in war before the general use of firearms, especially in the Middle Ages, for breaking metal armor.
- n. A staff borne by, or carried before, a magistrate as an ensign of his authority.
- n. An officer who carries a mace as an emblem of authority; a macebearer.
- n. A knobbed mallet used by curriers in dressing leather to make it supple.
- n. A rod for playing billiards, having one end suited to resting on the table and pushed with one hand.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A weapon for striking, consisting of a heavy head, commonly of metal, with a handle or staff, usually of such length as to be conveniently wielded with one hand; by extension, any similar weapon.
- n. A scepter; a staff of office having somewhat the form of the weapon of war defined above.
- n. A light stick with a flat head formerly used in playing billiards to push the cue-ball when out of reach for the proper stroke with the cue: superseded by the bridge, or rest for the cue.
- n. A curriers' mallet with a knobbed face, made by the insertion of pins with egg-shaped heads, used in leather-dressing to soften and supple tanned hides and enable them to absorb the oil, etc.
- n. A bulrush or cattail.
- n. A spice consisting of the dried arillode (false aril) or covering of the seed of the nutmeg, Myristica fragrans, which is a fleshy net-like envelop somewhat resembling the husk of a filbert.
- n. A small gold coin of Atchin in Sumatra, weighing 9 grains, and worth about 26 cents.
- n. The tenth part of a Chinese tael or ounce: as a money of account it is equal to 58 grains of pure silver. See tael, liang, and candareen.
- n. Swindling; a swindler; a swindling loan-office.
- To swindle.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. spice made from the dried fleshy covering of the nutmeg seed
- n. (trademark) a liquid that temporarily disables a person; prepared as an aerosol and sprayed in the face, it irritates the eyes and causes dizziness and immobilization
- n. an official who carries a mace of office
- n. a ceremonial staff carried as a symbol of office or authority
Middle English, from Old French masse, from Vulgar Latin *mattea.
Middle English, from Old French, from Medieval Latin macis, alteration of Latin macir, fragrant ailanthus resin, from Greek makir.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Middle English, from Anglo-Norman mace, mache, from Late Latin mattia or *mattea (compare Italian mazza, Spanish maza), from Proto-Indo-European *mat (“hoe, plow”) (compare Latin mateola ("hoe"), Old High German medela ("plow"), Russian мотыга (motýga, "hoe, mattock"), Persian آماج (āmāǰ) ‘plow’, Sanskrit (matyá, "harrow")). (Wiktionary)