from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Obstinately resistant to authority or control. See Synonyms at unruly.
- adj. Difficult to melt or work; resistant to heat: a refractory material such as silica.
- adj. Resistant to treatment: a refractory case of acne.
- n. One that is refractory.
- n. Material that has a high melting point.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Obstinate and unruly; strongly opposed to something.
- adj. Not affected by great heat.
- adj. Difficult to treat.
- adj. Incapable of registering a reaction or stimulus.
- n. A material or piece of material, such as a brick, that has a very high melting point.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Obstinate in disobedience; contumacious; stubborn; unmanageable.
- adj. Resisting ordinary treatment; difficult of fusion, reduction, or the like; -- said especially of metals and the like, which do not readily yield to heat, or to the hammer.
- n. A refractory person.
- n. Refractoriness.
- n. OPottery) A piece of ware covered with a vaporable flux and placed in a kiln, to communicate a glaze to the other articles.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Resisting; unyielding; sullen or perverse in opposition or disobedience; obstinate in non-compliance; stubborn and unmanageable.
- Resisting ordinary treatment or strains, etc.; difficult of fusion, reduction, or the like: said especially of metals and the like that require an extraordinary degree of heat to fuse them, or that do not yield readily to the hammer.
- Not susceptible; not subject; resisting (some influence, as of disease).
- Synonyms Stubborn, Intractable, etc. (see obstinate), unruly, ungovernable, unmanageable, headstrong, mulish.
- n. One who is obstinate in opposition or disobedience.
- n. Obstinate opposition.
- n. In pottery, a piece of ware covered with a vaporable flux and placed in a kiln to communicate a glaze to other articles.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. temporarily unresponsive or not fully responsive to nervous or sexual stimuli
- adj. not responding to treatment
- n. lining consisting of material with a high melting point; used to line the inside walls of a furnace
- adj. stubbornly resistant to authority or control
Alteration (influenced by adjectives in -ory) of obsolete refractary, from Latin refrāctārius, from refrāctus, past participle of refringere, to break up; see refract.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin refractārius ("obstinate"), from refractus, past participle of refringere ("to break up"). Originally refractary reanalysed after other adjectives in -ory (Wiktionary)