from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The quality of being refractory.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The quality or condition of being refractory.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The state or character of being refractory, in any sense.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the trait of being unmanageable
refractory + -ness (Wiktionary)