American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Strictness or severity, as in temperament, action, or judgment.
- n. A harsh or trying circumstance; hardship. See Synonyms at difficulty.
- n. A harsh or cruel act.
- n. Medicine Shivering or trembling, as caused by a chill.
- n. Physiology A state of rigidity in living tissues or organs that prevents response to stimuli.
- n. Obsolete Stiffness or rigidity.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The state or property of being stiff or rigid; stiffness; rigidity; rigidness.
- n. The property of not bending or yielding; inflexibility; stiffness; hence, strictness without allowance, latitude, or indulgence; exactingness: as, to execute a law with rigor; to criticize with rigor.
- n. Severity of life; austerity.
- n. Sternness; harshness; cruelty.
- n. Sharpness; violence; asperity; inclemency: as, the rigor of winter.
- n. That which is harsh or severe; especially, an act of injustice, oppression, or cruelty.
- n. (rī′ gor). [NL.] In pathology, a sudden coldness, attended by shivering more or less marked, which ushers in many diseases, especially fevers and acute inflammation: commonly called chill. It is also produced by nervous disturbance or shock. [In this sense always spelled rigor.]
- n. Synonyms and Rigor, Rigidity, Rigidness, inclemency. There is a marked tendency to use rigidity of physical stiffness. Rigidity seems to take also the passive, while rigor takes the active, of the moral senses; as, rigidity of manner, of mood; rigor in the enforcement of laws. Rigidness perhaps holds a middle position, or inclines to be synonymous with rigidity. Rigor applies also to severity of cold. See austere.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. Rigidity; stiffness.
- n. (ed.) A sense of chilliness, with contraction of the skin; a convulsive shuddering or tremor, as in the chill preceding a fever.
- n. The becoming stiff or rigid; the state of being rigid; rigidity; stiffness; hardness.
- n. (Med.) See 1st Rigor, 2.
- n. Severity of climate or season; inclemency.
- n. Stiffness of opinion or temper; rugged sternness; hardness; relentless severity; hard-heartedness; cruelty.
- n. Exactness without allowance, deviation, or indulgence; strictness; ; -- opposed to
- n. Severity of life; austerity; voluntary submission to pain, abstinence, or mortification.
- n. obsolete Violence; force; fury.
- n. the quality of being valid and rigorous
- n. something hard to endure
- n. excessive sternness
- From Old French, from Latin rigor ("stiffness, rigidness, rigor, cold, harshness"), from rigere ("to be rigid"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English rigour, from Old French, from Latin rigor, from rigēre, to be stiff; see reig- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Whatever this kind of blog discourse may lack in conventional "rigor" is certainly balanced out by its immediacy and its enthusiasm.”
“So the book added a certain rigor and pushed me to make the ‘project’ whole and complete on some level.”
“Further, as physicists understand, but many economists do not, rigor is not the same as mathematical formalism.”
“His nutty campaign for AP and International Baccalaureate and his love of anything to which the word rigor can be attached is the reason why educators push this stuff too hard.”
“The lack of mathematical rigor is remedied by getting clues from experimental observations.”
“The Seattle Prep curriculum and academic rigor is known to prepare any child admitted for just about any university of their choice.”
“De Manian rigor is of course, for Guillory, a sham, an excuse for the pathos and the lurid figures it generates; 14 but the de Manian master-trope of rigor "facilitates an imaginary reduction of the social totality to the structure of trope," allowing "rhetorical reading to function as a political theory just by virtue of being no more than a theory of literature”
“What used to be a vibrant subculture is now a corpse rigid in rigor mortis.”
“Irish women's history in general had lagged behind its British and North American counterparts, although it has certainly come out of its pioneering stages with a growing body of research of increasing analytical rigor from the 1990s to present day.”
“Previous experiments of my own had shown that the production of one gram of lactic acid in rigor leads to the liberation of about 500 calories.”
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