Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Monasticism.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. monasticism

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The system and influences of a monastic life; monasticism.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The principle of living in the manner of monks; the system or course of life pursued by monks and nuns; primarily, the practice of living alone in religious retirement from the world; religious seclusion; secondarily, the corporate life of religious communities under vows of poverty, celibacy, and obedience to a superior. See monk.
  • n. A monastic characteristic or peculiarity; also, such characteristics collectively.

Etymologies

Medieval Latin monachismus, from Late Greek monakhismos, from monakhos, monk; see monk.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

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