from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A temporary platform, either supported from below or suspended from above, on which workers sit or stand when performing tasks at heights above the ground.
- n. A raised wooden framework or platform.
- n. A platform used in the execution of condemned prisoners, as by hanging or beheading.
- transitive v. To provide or support with a raised framework or platform.
- transitive v. To place on a raised framework or platform.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A structure made of scaffolding, for workers to stand on while working on a building.
- n. An elevated platform on which a criminal is executed.
- v. To set up a scaffolding; to surround a building with scaffolding.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A temporary structure of timber, boards, etc., for various purposes, as for supporting workmen and materials in building, for exhibiting a spectacle upon, for holding the spectators at a show, etc.
- n. Specifically, a stage or elevated platform for the execution of a criminal.
- n. An accumulation of adherent, partly fused material forming a shelf, or dome-shaped obstruction, above the tuyères in a blast furnace.
- transitive v. To furnish or uphold with a scaffold.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A temporary gallery or stage raised either as a place for exhibiting a spectacle or for spectators to stand or sit.
- n. The gallery or highest tier of seats in a theater.
- n. A stage or platform, usually elevated, for the execution of a criminal.
- n. A temporary structure upon which workmen stand in erecting the walls of a building. See cut under putlog.
- n. An elevated platform upon which dead bodies are placed—a mode of disposing of the dead practised by some tribes, as of North American Indians, instead of burial; a kind of permanent bier.
- n. In embryology, a temporary structure outlining parts to be subsequently formed in or upon it; a framework: as, the cartilaginous scaffold of the skull. Also scaffolding.
- n. In metallurgy, an obstruction in the blast-furnace above the twyers, caused by the imperfect working of the furnace in consequence of insufficient or unsuitable flux, bad fuel, irregular charging, etc.
- To furnish with a scaffold; sustain; uphold, as with a scaffold.
- To lay or place on a scaffold; particularly, to place (dead bodies) on a scaffold to decay or be eaten by birds, as is customary with some uncivilized tribes.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a platform from which criminals are executed (hanged or beheaded)
- v. provide with a scaffold for support
- n. a temporary arrangement erected around a building for convenience of workers
Middle English, from Medieval Latin scaffaldus, of Old French origin.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Middle English scaffold, scaffalde, from Medieval Latin scaffaldus, from Old French eschaffaut, escadafaut ("platform to see a tournament"), from Late Latin scadafaltum, from ex- + *cadafaltum, catafalcum ("view-stage"), from Old Italian *catare (“to view, see”) + falco ("a stage"), a variant of balco ("stage, beam, balk"), from Lombardic palko, palcho ("scaffold, balk, beam"), from Proto-Germanic *balkô (“beam, rafter”), from Proto-Indo-European *bhelg- (“beam, plank”). Akin to Old High German balco, balcho ("scaffold, balk, beam"). More at catafalque, balcony, balk. (Wiktionary)