American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A perennial woody plant having a main trunk and usually a distinct crown.
- n. A plant or shrub resembling a tree in form or size.
- n. Something, such as a clothes tree, that resembles a tree in form.
- n. A wooden beam, post, stake, or bar used as part of a framework or structure.
- n. A saddletree.
- n. A diagram that has branches in descending lines showing relationships as of hierarchy or lineage: a family tree; a telephone tree.
- n. Computer Science A structure for organizing or classifying data in which every item can be traced to a single origin through a unique path.
- n. Archaic A gallows.
- n. Archaic The cross on which Jesus was crucified.
- v. To force up a tree: Dogs treed the raccoon.
- v. Informal To force into a difficult position; corner.
- v. To supply with trees: treed the field with oaks.
- v. To stretch (a shoe or boot) onto a shoetree.
- idiom. up a tree Informal In a situation of great difficulty or perplexity; helpless.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In Queensland, same as bangkal.
- n. A perennial plant which grows from the ground with a single permanent woody self-supporting trunk or stem, ordinarily to a height of at least 25 or 30 feet. The line which divides trees from shrubs is largely arbitrary, and dependent upon habit rather than size, the tree having a single trunk usually unbranched for some distance above the ground, while a shrub has usually several stems from the same root and each without a proper trunk. (See
shrub.) Certain trees are anomalous or ambiguous in various respects. One is the giant cactus, with its columnar woody stem (see saguaro); another is the tree-fern. Some vines are of such dimensions as to form climbing trees—as, for example, species of Metrosideros in New Zealand, which at length destroy the supporting tree and stand in its place. The banana and plantain. though transient and somewhat herbaceons are called trees from their size. In a special use a low plant (as a rose) trained into tree-form is called a tree. A large trained vine is also sometimes so called. In general, trees are either endogenous or exogenous, by far the greater number both of individuals and of species belonging to the latter class. Those of which the whole foliage falls off periodically, leaving them bare in winter, are called deciduous; those of which the foliage falls only partially, a fresh crop of leaves being always supplied before the mature leaves are exhausted, are called evergreen. Trees are also distinguished as nuciferous, or nut-bearing; bacciferous, or berry-bearins; coniferous, or cone-bearing, etc. Some are forest-trees, and useful for timber or fuel; others are fruit-trees, and cultivated in gardens and orchards; others serve chiefly for shade and ornament.
- n. A figure resembling a tree. Specifically— A figure drawn in the outline form of a tree, to receive the record of the root or source, main stem, and branches of a family: specifically called a genealogical or family tree.
- n. A natural figuration having more or less resemblance to a tree, assumed by or appearing on the surface of some substances under certain conditions.
- n. In mathematics, a diagram composed of branching lines.
- n. In electrolytic cells, a formation of tree-like groups of crystals projecting from the plates. In some forms of storage batteries these tree-formations are apt to give trouble by short-circuiting the cells.
- n. A gallows or gibbet; especially, the cross on which Christ was crucified.
- n. The material of a tree; wood; timber.
- n. A piece of wood; a stick; specifically, a staff or cudgel.
- n. In mech., one of numerous pieces or framings of wood technically so called: generally in composition, but sometimes used separately in connection with an explanatory context. For those used in vehicles, see axletree, doubletree, swingletree, whiffletree, etc.; for those in ships, chess-tree, crosstree, trestletree, etc.; for others, boot-tree, saddletree, etc.
- n. Same as arbor-vitæ, 1.
- n. In annt., the arbor-vitæ of the cerebellum.
- n. Synonyms Shrub, Bush, etc. See vegetable.
- To drive into a tree, as a hunted animal fitted for climbing, such as animals of the cat kind, racoons, opossums, and squirrels; compel to take refuge in a tree, as a man fleeing from wolves.
- Hence, figuratively, to deprive of the power of resistance; place at the mercy of an opponent; corner.
- To form or shape on a tree made for the particular use: as, to tree a boot.
- To take refuge in a tree, as a hunted animal.
- To grow to the size of a tree.
- To take the form of tree, or a tree-like shape, as a metal deposited from a solution of one of its salts under the action of an electric current.
- n. A large plant, not exactly defined, but typically over four meters in height, a single trunk which grows in girth with age and branches (which also grow in circumference with age).
- n. Any plant that is reminiscent of the above but not classified as a tree in the strict botanical sense: for example the banana "tree".
- n. An object made from a tree trunk and having multiple hooks or storage platforms.
- n. A device used to hold or stretch a shoe open.
- n. The structural frame of a saddle.
- n. graph theory A connected graph with no cycles or, equivalently, a connected graph with n vertices and n-1 edges.
- n. computing theory A recursive data structure in which each node has zero or more nodes as children.
- n. graphical user interface A display or listing of entries or elements such that there are primary and secondary entries shown, usually linked by drawn lines or by indenting to the right.
- n. Any structure or construct having branches akin to (1).
- n. The structure or wooden frame used in the construction of a saddle used in horse riding.
- n. informal Marijuana.
- v. transitive To chase (an animal or person) up a tree.
- v. transitive To place upon a tree; to fit with a tree; to stretch upon a tree.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Bot.) Any perennial woody plant of considerable size (usually over twenty feet high) and growing with a single trunk.
- n. Something constructed in the form of, or considered as resembling, a tree, consisting of a stem, or stock, and branches.
- n. A piece of timber, or something commonly made of timber; -- used in composition, as in axle
tree, boot tree, chess tree, cross tree, whiffle tree, and the like.
- n. A cross or gallows; as Tyburn
- n. obsolete Wood; timber.
- n. (Chem.) A mass of crystals, aggregated in arborescent forms, obtained by precipitation of a metal from solution. See Lead tree, under Lead.
- v. To drive to a tree; to cause to ascend a tree.
- v. To place upon a tree; to fit with a tree; to stretch upon a tree. See Tree, n., 3.
- v. plant with trees
- n. a tall perennial woody plant having a main trunk and branches forming a distinct elevated crown; includes both gymnosperms and angiosperms
- n. English actor and theatrical producer noted for his lavish productions of Shakespeare (1853-1917)
- v. force a person or an animal into a position from which he cannot escape
- v. stretch (a shoe) on a shoetree
- v. chase an animal up a tree
- n. a figure that branches from a single root
- From Middle English tree, tre, treo, treou, trew, trow, from Old English trēo, trēow ("tree, wood, timber, beam, log, stake, stick, grove, cross, rood"), from Proto-Germanic *trewan (“tree, wood”), from pre-Germanic *dréu̯om, thematic e-grade derivative of Proto-Indo-European *dóru (“tree”). Cognate with Scots tree ("wood, rod, stick"), North Frisian tre, trä ("tree"), Middle Dutch tree ("tree"), Danish træ ("tree"), Swedish trä ("wood"), träd ("tree"), Norwegian tre ("tree"), Icelandic tré ("tree"), Gothic (triu, "tree, wood, piece of wood"), Albanian dru ("tree, wood"), Welsh dâr ("oaks"), Ancient Greek δόρυ (dóry, "wood, spear"), Russian дерево (derevo), Tocharian A or. Related to tar, true. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Old English trēow. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Adam's excuse for eating of the forbidden fruit, "She gave me of the tree and I did eat," is said to be thus ingeniously explained by the learned Rabbis: By giving him of the _tree_ is meant that Eve took a stout crab-tree cudgel, and gave her husband (in plain English) a sound rib-roasting, until he complied with her will!”
“Consequently, all _goats_ were driven from the banks of this river; but one day, Theŏclos observed that the branches of a fig tree bent into the stream, and it immediately flashed into his mind that the Messenian word for _fig tree_ and _goat_ was the same.”
“The tree near the front of an ancient castle was called the _Covine tree_, probably because the lord received his company there.”
“Before sailing, he wrote a letter for de Cordes, which he left buried at the foot of a tree, and nailed a board to the tree, on which was painted, _Look at the bottom of this tree_.”
A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels — Volume 10 Arranged in systematic order: Forming a complete history of the origin and progress of navigation, discovery, and commerce, by sea and land, from the earliest ages to the present time.
“Marry Scholer, but I would not be there, nor indeed from under this tree; for look how it begins to rain, and by the clouds (if I mistake not) we shall presently have a smoaking showre; and therefore fit close, this _Sycamore tree_ will shelter us; and I will tell you, as they shall come into my mind, more observations of flie-fishing for”
“Sometimes, it is convenient to include among trees the null tree, a \ "tree\" with no nodes, which we shall represent by Λ.”
“All you know for sure on an 8in tree is the spread is greater than 8 inches.”
“If I'm not mistaken fig tree is Greek for military judge.”
“The main tree is lit in a ‘crack-smoker disco’ style, while its lesser auxiliary christmas trees are of a more subdued festive style.”
“In the title tree, she has found an almost perfect metaphor.”
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