American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Any of various deciduous trees of the genus Ulmus, characteristically having arching or curving branches and serrate leaves with asymmetrical bases. Elms are widely planted as shade trees.
- n. The wood of one of these trees.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The common name for species of Ulmus (which see), mostly large trees, some common in cultivation for shade and ornament, for which the majestic height and the wide-spreading and gracefully curving branches of the principal kinds admirably adapt them. The hard, heavy timber of most of the species is valuable for many purposes. Of the European species, the common English elm is U. campestris, of which the cork-elm (U. suberosa), with thick plates of cork on the branches, is probably only a variety. The Scotch elm, or witch-elm, U. montana, is a smaller tree than the English elm. The American species are distinguished as the American elm, white elm, or water-elm, U. Americana; the cedar-elm of Texas, U. crassifolia; the cork-, cliff-, hickory-, swamp-, or rock-elm, U. racemosa; the red elm, slippery-elm, or mooseelm, U. fulva, the inner bark of which is mucilaginous, and is used in medicine; and the winged elm, or wahoo, U. alata, with corky-winged branches. In Australia the name is given to the Aphananthe Philippinensis, a species allied to the true elm. In the West Indies Cordia Gerascanthus and C. gerascanthoides, of the order Boraginaceæ, receive the name, as also the rubiaceous Hamelia ventricosa. The wood is the toughest of European woods, and is considered to bear the driving of bolts and nails better than any other. It is very durable under water, and is frequently used for keels of ships, for boat-building, and for many structures exposed to wet, or when great strength is required. Because of its toughness, it is used for naves of wheels, shells for tackle-blocks, and common turnery. Witch-elm is much used by coach-makers, and by ship-builders for making jolly-boats. Rock-elm is much used in boat-building, and to some extent for bows.
- n. Of other varieties of elm (comprising some trees more or less closely related to the elm and a few belonging to different families but somewhat resembling elms: those given below are among the most important.
- n. The wing-elm or winged elm. See wahoo,.
- n. The winged elm, Ulmus alata, so called in Florida and Arkansas.
- n. Ulmus serotina, a tree of limited distribution on limestone hills and river-banks in southern Kentucky and northern Alabama and Georgia, only recently distinguished from U. fulva, from which it differs in its much smaller fruit, in the absence of mucilage in the inner bark, and in other respects. The wood is reddish in color.
- n. a tree of the genus Ulmus of the family Ulmaceae, large deciduous trees with alternate stipulate leaves and small apetalous flowers
- n. wood from an elm tree
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Bot.) A tree of the genus Ulmus, of several species, much used as a shade tree, particularly in America. The English elm is Ulmus campestris; the common American or white elm is U. Americana; the slippery or red elm, U. fulva.
- n. hard tough wood of an elm tree; used for e.g. implements and furniture
- n. any of various trees of the genus Ulmus: important timber or shade trees
- From Old English elm, from Proto-Germanic *elmaz (compare dialectal Low German Elm, dialectal German Ilm, Swedish alm), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁élem 'mountain elm' (compare Irish leamh, Latin ulmus, Albanian ulzë ("maple")). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Old English. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“One large elm out of the two on the left-hand side as you enter what I call the elm walk, was likewise blown down; the maypole bearing the weathercock was broke in two, and what I regret more than all the rest is, that all the three elms which grew in”
“Earlier this year at the 2008 Eurocucina show, Italian kitchen manufacturer Snaidero presented the new Kube kitchen model designed by Giovanni Offredi in elm wood, Snaidero has now announced a new version with a gloss ice-white lacquer finish.”
“West Elm Goes Organic west elm is now offering certified organic cotton towels and throws, responsibly grown without the use of herbicides or pesticides and dyed with earth-friendly certified dyes.”
“The two devastating diseases now facing one of the nation's oldest elm stands are Dutch elm disease, a fungal disease spread by the elm bark beetle and a more recent syndrome known as elm yellows.”
“Ellum was the local pronounciation for the word elm and Deep Ellum was also considered to be far from downtown”
“Deep Ellum = Elm Street in Dallas because, in Texas, the word elm actually has two syllables.”
“One large elm, out of the two on the left-hand side as you enter what I call the elm walk, was likewise blown down; the maple bearing the weathercock was broke in two, and what I regret more than all the rest is, that all the three elms which grew in Hall's meadow, and gave such ornament to it, are gone; two were blown down, and the other so much injured that it cannot stand.”
“No one is validating or checking any of the data elm is they have surrounded themselves with inexperienced people because of the political favors 'owed.”
“These poems are as heartless as birdsong, as unmeant as elm leaves, which, if they love, love only the wide blue sky and the air and the idea of elm leaves.”
“In the axils of the leaves on the elm are the little jeweled buds which will be brown and dull all winter, but will shine like garnets when the springtime comes.”
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