from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Any of various deciduous trees or shrubs of the genus Betula, native to the Northern Hemisphere and having unisexual flowers in catkins, alternate, simple, toothed leaves, and bark that often peels in thin papery layers.
- n. The hard, close-grained wood of any of these trees, used especially in furniture, interior finishes, and plywood.
- n. A rod from a birch, used to administer a whipping.
- transitive v. To whip with or as if with a birch.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. any of various trees of the genus Betula, native to countries in the northern hemisphere.
- n. a hard wood taken from the birch tree, typically used to make furniture.
- n. a stick, rod or bundle of twigs made from birch wood, used for punishment.
- v. to punish with a stick, bundle of twigs, or rod made of birch wood.
- v. to punish as though one were using a stick, bundle of twigs, or rod made of birch wood.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A tree of several species, constituting the genus Betula; as, the white or common birch (Betula alba) (also called silver birch and lady birch); the dwarf birch (Betula glandulosa); the paper or canoe birch (Betula papyracea); the yellow birch (Betula lutea); the black or cherry birch (Betula lenta).
- n. The wood or timber of the birch.
- n. A birch twig or birch twigs, used for flogging.
- n. A birch-bark canoe.
- adj. Of or pertaining to the birch; birchen.
- transitive v. To whip with a birch rod or twig; to flog.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A tree or shrub belonging to the genus Betula (which see).
- n. A birch rod, or a number of birch-twigs bound together, sometimes used for punishing children.
- n. A birch-bark canoe.
- To beat or punish with a birch rod; flog.
- n. In New Zealand, a name of any one of several species of Nothofagus.
- n. Same as white birch .
- n. Same as cañon- birch.
- n. The Atlantic coast birch, B. populifolia.
- n. The paper-or canoe-birch, B. papyrifera.
- n. Nothofagus Solandri, a beautiful evergreen tree 100 feet high: so called from the color of the bark.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a switch consisting of a twig or a bundle of twigs from a birch tree; used to hit people as punishment
- adj. consisting of or made of wood of the birch tree
- n. hard close-grained wood of any of various birch trees; used especially in furniture and interior finishes and plywood
- v. whip with a birch twig
- n. any betulaceous tree or shrub of the genus Betula having a thin peeling bark
Middle English, from Old English birce.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English birche, birk, from Old English birce, bierce, from Proto-Germanic *birkijōn (compare West Frisian bjirk, German Birke), variant of *berkōn (compare Dutch berk, Swedish björk), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰérHǵos (compare Lithuanian béržas, Czech bříza, Ossetic bærz(æ)). (Wiktionary)