from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Greater than another in age or seniority.
- adj. Superior to another or others, as in rank.
- n. An older person.
- n. An older, influential member of a family, tribe, or community.
- n. One of the governing officers of a church, often having pastoral or teaching functions.
- n. Mormon Church A member of the higher order of priesthood.
- n. Any of various shrubs or small trees of the genus Sambucus, having clusters of small white flowers and red or purplish-black berrylike fruit.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Comparative of old; greater than another in age or seniority.
- n. An older person or an older member, usually a leader, of some community.
- n. One who is older than another.
- n. An officer of a church, sometimes having teaching responsibilities
- n. The lowest office in the Melchizedek priesthood.
- n. One ordained to the office of elder.
- n. Male missionary, title for a male missionary; title for a general authority.
- n. A pagan or Heathen priest or priestess.
- n. A small tree of the genus Sambucus having white flowers in a cluster, and purple berries.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Older; more aged, or existing longer.
- adj. Born before another; prior in years; senior; earlier; older; ; -- opposed to
younger, and now commonly applied to a son, daughter, child, brother, etc.
- n. One who is older; a superior in age; a senior.
- n. An aged person; one who lived at an earlier period; a predecessor.
- n. A person who, on account of his age, occupies the office of ruler or judge; hence, a person occupying any office appropriate to such as have the experience and dignity which age confers
- n. A clergyman authorized to administer all the sacraments.
- n. A genus of shrubs (Sambucus) having broad umbels of white flowers, and small black or red berries.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Older; senior; having lived a longer time; born, produced, or formed before something else: opposed to younger.
- Prior in origin or appointment; preceding in the date of a commission; senior: as, an elder officer or magistrate.
- Prior in time; earlier; former.
- n. One who is older than another or others; an elderly person.
- n. A forefather; a predecessor; one of a former generation in the same family, class, or community.
- n. In the Old Testament, a title of indefinite signification applied to various officers, but generally indicating in the earlier history the princes or heads of tribes, and afterward men of special influence, dignity, and authority in their local community.
- n. In the New Testament, also the title of certain officers in the Christian church, whose functions are not clearly defined, but who apparently exercised a considerable control in the conduct of the local churches.
- n. In certain Protestant churches, an officer exercising governmental functions, either with or without teaching or pastoral functions.
- n. In some bodies of American Methodists elder is the general term for any clergyman. In the Methodist Episcopal Church the presiding elder is an ordained clergyman appointed by and serving under the bishop as superintendent, with large though carefully defined supervisory powers within a specified “district,” which usually corresponds somewhat in extent to an average county in an eastern State. In this district every minister is amenable to him, and every church is subject to his supervision and is usually visited by him three or four times during the year. He presides at Quarterly and often at District Conferences. Traveling elders are itinerant preachers appointed by the Annual Conference.
- n. In the Mormon Church the elder is an officer whose duty it is “to preach and baptize; to ordain other elders, and also priests, teachers, and deacons; to lay on hands for the gift of the Holy Ghost; to bless children; and to take the lead of all meetings.” The elders constitute the Melchizedek priesthood, and include the apostles, the Seventy, the evangelists or patriarchs, and the high priest. Mormon Catechism, xvii.
- n. Among the Shakers, four elders, two males and two females (the latter also called elderesses), have charge of each of the aggregated families.
- n. The common name for species of Sambucus.
- n. In the United States, the Aralia hispida.
- n. Same as wild elder (under elder).
- n. Same as wild elder (under elder).
- n. Same as pale elder.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. any of various church officers
- n. a person who is older than you are
- adj. used of the older of two persons of the same name especially used to distinguish a father from his son
- n. any of numerous shrubs or small trees of temperate and subtropical northern hemisphere having white flowers and berrylike fruit
Middle English eldre, from Old English eldra.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old English eldra, from Proto-Germanic *alþizô. (Wiktionary)
From Middle English eldre, eller, from Old English ellærn, from Proto-Germanic *el(d)ernaz (confer Low German Elhorn, Elloorn), adjectival from Proto-Indo-European *h₁edʰ-l-i 'spruce, fir' (compare Middle Irish aidlen 'silver fir', Latin ebulus ("dwarf elder"), Old Prussian addle 'fir', Czech jedle 'silver fir', Ancient Greek ἐλάτη (elate, "silver fir") (Wiktionary)