Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A person trained in Jewish law, ritual, and tradition and ordained for leadership of a Jewish congregation, especially one serving as chief religious official of a synagogue.
  • n. A scholar qualified to interpret Jewish law.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A Jewish spiritual teacher.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Master; lord; teacher; -- a Jewish title of respect or honor for a teacher or doctor of the law.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Literally, ‘my master’: a title of respect or of office (of higher dignity than rab) given to Jewish doctors or expounders of the law.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. spiritual leader of a Jewish congregation; qualified to expound and apply Jewish law
  • n. a Hebrew title of respect for a Jewish scholar or teacher

Etymologies

Middle English rabi, from Old French, from Late Latin rabbī, master, from Greek rhabbi, O my master, from Hebrew and Aramaic rabbî, my master : rab, master (from rab, to become great; see rbb in Semitic roots) + , my.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Late Latin rabbi, and its source Ancient Greek ῥαββί, from (post-biblical) Hebrew רבי (rabbi, "my master"), from רַב (ráv, “master [of]”) +‎ ־־י (-i, “me”). (Wiktionary)

Examples

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