Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A learned person.
  • n. A specialist in a given branch of knowledge: a classical scholar.
  • n. One who attends school or studies with a teacher; a student.
  • n. A student who holds or has held a particular scholarship.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A student; one who studies at school or college.
  • n. A specialist in a particular branch of knowledge.
  • n. A learned person; a bookman.
  • n. One who educates themself for their whole life.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. One who attends a school; one who learns of a teacher; one under the tuition of a preceptor; a pupil; a disciple; a learner; a student.
  • n. One engaged in the pursuits of learning; a learned person; one versed in any branch, or in many branches, of knowledge; a person of high literary or scientific attainments; a savant.
  • n. A man of books.
  • n. In English universities, an undergraduate who belongs to the foundation of a college, and receives support in part from its revenues.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. One who receives instruction in a school; one who learns from a teacher; one who is under tuition; a pupil; a student; a disciple.
  • n. In English universities, formerly, any student; now, an undergraduate who belongs to the foundation of a college, and receives a portion of its revenues to furnish him with the means of prosecuting his studies during the academic curriculum; the holder of a scholarship.
  • n. One who learns anything: as, an apt scholar in the school of deceit.
  • n. A learned man; one having great knowledge of literature or philology; an erudite person; specifically, a man or woman of letters.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a student who holds a scholarship
  • n. someone (especially a child) who learns (as from a teacher) or takes up knowledge or beliefs
  • n. a learned person (especially in the humanities); someone who by long study has gained mastery in one or more disciplines

Etymologies

Middle English scoler, from Old French escoler and from Old English scolere, both from Medieval Latin scholāris, from Late Latin, of a school, from Latin scola, schola, school; see school1.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English scoler, from Old English scōlere ("scholar, learner"), from Late Latin scholāris, from schola ("school"), equivalent to school +‎ -er. (Wiktionary)

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