from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The portion of the vertebrate central nervous system that is enclosed within the cranium, continuous with the spinal cord, and composed of gray matter and white matter. It is the primary center for the regulation and control of bodily activities, receiving and interpreting sensory impulses, and transmitting information to the muscles and body organs. It is also the seat of consciousness, thought, memory, and emotion.
- n. A functionally similar portion of the invertebrate nervous system.
- n. Intellectual ability; mind: a dull brain; a quick brain.
- n. Intellectual power; intelligence. Often used in the plural: has brains and good looks. See Synonyms at mind.
- n. A highly intelligent person.
- n. The primary director or planner, as of an organization or movement. Often used in the plural.
- n. The control center, as of a ship, aircraft, or spacecraft.
- transitive v. Slang To smash in the skull of.
- transitive v. Slang To hit on the head.
- idiom beat (one's) brains (out) Informal To exert or expend great mental effort: She beat her brains out during the examination.
- idiom on the brain Obsessively in mind: The coach has winning on the brain.
- idiom brain To explore another's ideas through questioning.
- idiom rack (one's) brain Informal To think long and hard: I racked my brain for hours trying to recall her name.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The control center of the central nervous system of an animal located in the skull which is responsible for perception, cognition, attention, memory, emotion, and action.
- n. An intelligent person.
- n. A person who provides the intelligence required for something.
- n. Intellect.
- n. By analogy with a human brain, the part of a machine or computer that performs calculations.
- v. To dash out the brains of; to kill by smashing the skull.
- v. To strike (someone) on the head.
- v. To destroy; to put an end to.
- v. To conceive in the mind; to understand.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The whitish mass of soft matter (the center of the nervous system, and the seat of consciousness and volition) which is inclosed in the cartilaginous or bony cranium of vertebrate animals. It is simply the anterior termination of the spinal cord, and is developed from three embryonic vesicles, whose cavities are connected with the central canal of the cord; the cavities of the vesicles become the central cavities, or ventricles, and the walls thicken unequally and become the three segments, the fore-, mid-, and hind-brain.
- n. The anterior or cephalic ganglion in insects and other invertebrates.
- n. The organ or seat of intellect; hence, the understanding.
- n. The affections; fancy; imagination.
- n. a very intelligent person.
- n. the controlling electronic mechanism for a robot, guided missile, computer, or other device exhibiting some degree of self-regulation.
- transitive v. To dash out the brains of; to kill by beating out the brains.
- transitive v. To conceive; to understand.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In anatomy, the soft grayish and whitish mass filling the cranial cavity of a vertebrate, consisting of ganglionic nerve-cells and nerve-fibers, with the requisite sustentacular and vascular tissue; the encephalon (which see); the part of the cerebrospinal axis which is contained in the cranium.
- n. In entomology, the principal ganglion of the nervous system, situated in the head, over the esophagus, and formed by the coalescence of serveral supra-esophageal ganglia.
- n. The same or a corresponding portion of the nervous system in many other invertebrates.
- n. Understanding; intellectual power; fancy; imagination: commonly in the plural: as, a man of brains; “my brain is too dull,”
- To dash out the brains of; kill by beating in the skull.
- Figuratively, to destroy; defeat; balk; thwart.
- To get into the brain; conceive; understand.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason
- v. kill by smashing someone's skull
- n. that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord
- n. someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originality
- v. hit on the head
- n. the brain of certain animals used as meat
- n. mental ability
Middle English, from Old English brægen.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English brain, from Old English bræġen ("brain"), from Proto-Germanic *bragnan (“brain”), from Proto-Indo-European *mreghmno-, *mreghmo- (“skull, brain”), from Proto-Indo-European *mreK- (“marrow, sinciput”). Cognate with Scots braine, brane ("brain"), North Frisian brayen, brein ("brain"), West Frisian brein ("brain"), Dutch brein ("brain"), Low German Brägen ("brain"), Ancient Greek βρεχμος (brechmos, "front part of the skull, top of the head"). (Wiktionary)