American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Use of reason, especially to form conclusions, inferences, or judgments.
- n. Evidence or arguments used in thinking or argumentation.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The use of the faculty of reason; discriminative thought or discussion in regard to a subject; rational consideration.
- n. A presentation of reasons or arguments; an argumentative statement or expression; a formal discussion.
- n. Discussion; conversation; discourse.
- n. Synonyms Reasoning, Argumentation. Reasoning is much broader than argumentation. The latter is confined to one side of the question, or, in another sense, supposes a proposition, supported by arguments on the affirmative side and attacked by arguments on the negative. Reasoning may be upon one side of a proposition, and is then the same as argumentation; but it may also be the method by which one reaches a belief, and thus a way of putting together the results of investigation: as, the reasoning in Euclid, or in Butler's Analogy; the reasoning by which a thief justifies himself in stealing.
- n. Action of the verb to reason.
- n. The deduction of inferences or interpretations from premises; abstract thought; ratiocination.
- v. present participle of reason.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The act or process of adducing a reason or reasons; manner of presenting one's reasons.
- n. That which is offered in argument; proofs or reasons when arranged and developed; course of argument.
- adj. endowed with the capacity to reason
- n. thinking that is coherent and logical
“Attempt to destroy Reason by reasoning extravagant, 124; objection to _abstract reasoning_ because it asserts infinite divisibility of extension which is shocking to common sense,”
“He tends to hide his actual rulings in his verbiage, and sometimes the reasoning is all disjointed.”
“This reasoning is a confusion of the forces that enable successful adaptation with the presence of a gender identity disorder.”
“Sorry but your reasoning is the passe mentality that infects our city council.”
“So the reasoning is apparently this: We acted like Lazio's tax returns were a big deal in 2000 because it was in our self-interest to do so, and this year we'll act like our returns aren't a big deal because it's in our self interest to do so.”
“To say that this reasoning is a stretch is an understatement.”
“The theory of black-body radiation, where the reasoning is allied to that of the kinetic theory, gives again the same value (64 x 1022).”
“Consequently, the effective weight z of the gram to which this reasoning is applied, is its actual weight reduced by this push.”
“Definitions of this type are considered too narrow, both because they define logic in terms of art, not leaving room for its claim to be considered a science, and because, by the use of the term reasoning, they restrict the scope of logic to one class of mental processes.”
“Still the more elaborate sort of thinking, the grouping and concatenation of inferences, which we call reasoning, cannot be carried far without language or some equivalent system of signs.”
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