Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A discussion in which disagreement is expressed; a debate.
  • n. A quarrel; a dispute.
  • n. Archaic A reason or matter for dispute or contention: "sheath'd their swords for lack of argument” ( Shakespeare).
  • n. A course of reasoning aimed at demonstrating truth or falsehood: presented a careful argument for extraterrestrial life.
  • n. A fact or statement put forth as proof or evidence; a reason: The current low mortgage rates are an argument for buying a house now.
  • n. A set of statements in which one follows logically as a conclusion from the others.
  • n. A summary or short statement of the plot or subject of a literary work.
  • n. A topic; a subject: "You and love are still my argument” ( Shakespeare).
  • n. Logic The minor premise in a syllogism.
  • n. Mathematics An independent variable of a function.
  • n. Mathematics The angle of a complex number measured from the positive horizontal axis.
  • n. Computer Science A value used to evaluate a procedure or subroutine.
  • n. Linguistics In generative grammar, any of various positions occupied by a noun phrase in a sentence.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A fact or statement used to support a proposition; a reason.
  • n. A verbal dispute; a quarrel.
  • n. A process of reasoning.
  • n. A series of propositions organized so that the final proposition is a conclusion which is intended to follow logically from the preceding propositions, which function as premises.
  • n. The independent variable of a function.
  • n. A value, or reference to a value, passed to a function.
  • n. A parameter in a function definition; an actual parameter, as opposed to a formal parameter.
  • n. Any of the phrases that bears a syntactic connection to the verb of a clause.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Proof; evidence.
  • n. A reason or reasons offered in proof, to induce belief, or convince the mind; reasoning expressed in words.
  • n. A process of reasoning, or a controversy made up of rational proofs; argumentation; discussion; disputation.
  • n. The subject matter of a discourse, writing, or artistic representation; theme or topic; also, an abstract or summary, as of the contents of a book, chapter, poem.
  • n. Matter for question; business in hand.
  • n. The quantity on which another quantity in a table depends.
  • n. The independent variable upon whose value that of a function depends.
  • intransitive v. To make an argument; to argue.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To argue; debate; bring forward reasons.
  • To make the subject of an argument or debate.
  • n. A statement or fact tending to produce belief concerning a matter in doubt; a premise or premises set forth in order to prove an assumption or conclusion.
  • n. [This, the familiar meaning of the word, probably originated in Roman law-courts. The usual definition given by Cicero and almost all authorities is ratio rei dubiœ faciens fidem, a reason causing belief of a doubtful matter. Boëtius in one place defines it as a medium proving a conclusion. The word medium here means a premise, or premises, according to all the commentators. (Petrus Hisp., tr. v. ad init.) But since medium usually means the middle term of a syllogism, some logicians have been led to give argument this signification.]
  • n. The middle term of a syllogism.
  • n. A reasoning; the process by which the connection between that which is or is supposed to be admitted and that which is doubted or supposed to need confirmation is traced or tested.
  • n. An address or composition made for the purpose of producing belief or conviction by reasoning or persuasion.
  • n. A series of argumentations for and against a proposition; a debate.
  • n. The subject-matter or groundwork of a discourse or writing; specifically, an abstract or summary of the chief points in a book or section of a book: as, the arguments prefixed to the several books of “Paradise Lost” were an afterthought.
  • n. Matter of contention, controversy, or conversation.
  • n. In mathematics: Of an imaginary quantity, the coefficient of the imaginary unit in its logarithm.
  • n. The angle or quantity on which a series of numbers in a numerical table depends and with which the table is entered.
  • n. When one variable is dependent upon another, the dependent variable is called a function of the other variable, which is then called the argument of the function.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a discussion in which reasons are advanced for and against some proposition or proposal
  • n. (computer science) a reference or value that is passed to a function, procedure, subroutine, command, or program
  • n. a fact or assertion offered as evidence that something is true
  • n. a summary of the subject or plot of a literary work or play or movie
  • n. a variable in a logical or mathematical expression whose value determines the dependent variable; if f(x)=y, x is the independent variable
  • n. a contentious speech act; a dispute where there is strong disagreement
  • n. a course of reasoning aimed at demonstrating a truth or falsehood; the methodical process of logical reasoning

Etymologies

Middle English, from Old French, from Latin argūmentum, from arguere, to make clear; see argue.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English, from Anglo-Norman, from Old French, from Latin argumentum ("proof, evidence, token, subject, contents"), from arguere ("to prove, argue"); see argue. (Wiktionary)

Examples

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  • Monty Python definition: An argument is a series of statements intended to establish a proposition. It isn't just contradiction.

    February 19, 2010