sine love

# sine

## Definitions

### from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

• noun The ordinate of the endpoint of an arc of a unit circle centered at the origin of a Cartesian coordinate system, the arc being of length x and measured counterclockwise from the point (1, 0) if x is positive or clockwise if x is negative.
• noun In a right triangle, the ratio of the length of the side opposite an acute angle to the length of the hypotenuse.

### from The Century Dictionary.

• noun A gulf.
• noun In trigonometry, formerly, with reference to any arc of a circle, the line drawn from one extremity of the arc at right angles to the diameter which passes through its other extremity; now ordinarily, with reference not to the arc but to the angle which it subtends at the center of the circle, the ratio of the aforesaid line to the radius of the circle.
• noun the function expressed by the series These functions were invented by Wronski.
• A Latin preposition, signifying ‘without.’ See sine die, sine qua non.
• After that; afterward: same as since, 1.
• Before now; ago: same as since, 3: as, lang syne, long ago, used also as a noun, especially in the phrase auld langsyne, old times (see langsyne).
• After; since: same as since.
• To strain.
• To leave off milking a cow.

### from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

• noun The length of a perpendicular drawn from one extremity of an arc of a circle to the diameter drawn through the other extremity.
• noun The perpendicular itself. See Sine of angle, below.
• noun logarithms of the natural sines, or logarithmic sines.
• noun See Sinusoid.
• noun the decimals expressing the values of the sines, the radius being unity.
• noun in a circle whose radius is unity, the sine of the arc that measures the angle; in a right-angled triangle, the side opposite the given angle divided by the hypotenuse. See Trigonometrical function, under Function.
• noun that part of the diameter between the sine and the arc.
• preposition Without.

• noun trigonometry, mathematics In a right triangle, the ratio of the length of the side opposite an angle to the length of the hypotenuse.

• noun ratio of the length of the side opposite the given angle to the length of the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle

## Etymologies

### from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Medieval Latin sinus (mistranslation of Arabic jayb, sine, as if jayb, fold in a garment), from Latin, curve, fold.]

From Latin sinus, originally by mistranslation of Arabic جب (jubb). Ultimately from Sanskrit.

## Examples

• Defense counsel Paul Reichler summarized at length why the defense filed a motion to compel the government to comply with what he described as sine qua non - an essential condition - to the pre-trial agreement.

• And that's a beautifully symmetrical, simple wave that we call a sine wave.

• They may also leave open the possibility of leaving the session to the 18th open all the way to that point before they call sine die, which would be final adjournment, just to make sure that no issues crop up.

• "Well," said Dade, "I have heard them talking round here of a place they call a sine-cu-ree — big pay and no work — and if there is one of them left and lying about loose I think I could fill it to a T."

• "Well," said Dade, "I have heard them talking round here of a place they call a sine-cu-ree -- big pay and no work -- and if there is one of them left and lying about loose I think I could fill it to a T."

Marse Henry (Volume 1) An Autobiography Henry Watterson 1880

• "Well," said Dade, "I have heard them talking round here of a place they call a sine-cu-ree -- big pay and no work -- and if there is one of them left and lying about loose I think I could fill it to a T."

Marse Henry, Complete An Autobiography Henry Watterson 1880

• It has a frequency response from 35-85 Hz (±3 dB), and the ability to deliver a short-term sine wave of 96 dB SPL.

• And these sine waves to describe the market can be long term sine waves or very short term (i.e., intraday).

• I always wondered why a sine was called a sine, and I never would have guessed such a story.

• The measurement across the plane vertically, along the line B, which is called the sine of the angle, represents the surface impact of air against the plane.

Aeroplanes 1915

• Could someone enlighten me as to whether or not sine in the Latin sense of "without" is also pronounced /saɪn/? Thanks.

Edit: I hope the program is right: http://www.dict.cc/?s=sine qua non