from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To cause to assume a leaning or prone position.
  • intransitive v. To lie back or down.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To cause to lean back; to bend back.
  • v. To put in a resting position.
  • v. To lean back.
  • v. To put one's self in a resting position.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Having a reclining posture; leaning; reclining.
  • intransitive v. To lean or incline.
  • intransitive v. To assume, or to be in, a recumbent position.
  • transitive v. To cause or permit to lean, incline, rest, etc.; to place in a recumbent position.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To lean backward or downward upon something; rest in a recumbent posture.
  • To bend downward; lean; have a leaning posture.
  • Synonyms Recline is always as strong as lean, and generally stronger, indicating a more completely recumbent position, and approaching lie.
  • To plaee at rest in a leaning or recumbent posture; lean or settle down upon something: as, to recline the head on a pillow, or upon one's arm.
  • Leaning; being in a reclining posture.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. move the upper body backwards and down
  • v. lean in a comfortable resting position
  • v. cause to recline


Middle English reclinen, from Old French recliner, from Latin reclīnāre : re-, re- + -clīnāre, to bend; see klei- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin reclinare, "to bend back". Confer "decline", "incline". (Wiktionary)


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