American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- v. To turn or rotate (the hand or forearm) so that the palm faces up or forward.
- v. To turn or rotate (the foot) by adduction and inversion so that the outer edge of the sole bears the body's weight.
- v. To be supinated; undergo supination.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- In anatomy and physiology, to bring (the hand) palm upward. In this position the radius and ulna are parallel. See pronate.
- To lie with the palm upward, as the hand; turn so that the palm is upward.
- v. transitive, anatomy To twist the forearm so as to turn the palm of the hand backwards if the forearm is pointing up, upwards if the forearm is horizontal, or forwards if the arm is pointing down; to twist the forarm by contracting the biceps brachii; to twist the right forearm clockwise or the left forearm counterclockwise.
- v. transitive, anatomy To twist the foot so the weight is on the outer edge.
- v. turn (the hand or forearm) so that the back is downward or backward, or turn out (the leg)
- From Latin supīnō ("turn up, turn over"). (Wiktionary)
- Latin supīnāre, supīnāt-, from supīnus, backward; see supine. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“If you do it palm down, when you get to ninety degrees, turn your hand so that it is palm up, and you can see that it is also used to supinate the hand.”
“The ankle healed after a few days but I started to notice a slight pain in the outer sole of my foot - the bit I stand and walk on, as I supinate quite heavily (walk on the outside border of my foot with my ankle tipped).”
“He then asks the patient to supinate his hands and close his eyes.”
“It is no uncommon experience to find a patient walk into hospital with an impacted fracture of the neck of the femur or a fracture of the fibula; or to be able to pronate and supinate the forearm with a greenstick fracture of the radius or a fracture of the ulna.”
“-- The fragments approach the inter-osseous space; while there is more or less of deformity, preternatural mobility, absence of the power to pronate and supinate the army, and crepitus.”
“-- Place the patient upon a bed; separate the arm from the side and supinate the hand; having found the head of the humerus, make an incision over it, through the integuments, about two inches in length, and a little nearer the posterior than the anterior fold of the axilla; carefully”
“If you pronate (lean inward), supinate (lean out) or have high or flat arches, you will need a shoe to accommodate this.”
“Those who have high arches supinate, or under-pronate, and may need cushioning shoes.”
“I supinate (under-pronate) and I fell twice in these shoes because my ankle rolled.”
“Page 273 table, raise the affected limb from the side, and supinate the hand; make an incision two inches in length on the ulnar side of the coraco-brachialis muscle, and divide the fascia carefully as high as the axilla; cut carefully through the cellular tissue and separate the ulna nerve on the inner side, the median on the outer side; open the sheath, and detach the venae comites which are on either side of the vessel; and, then, pass the aneurismal needle under the artery from the ulnar to the radial side.”
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