American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The solid surface of the earth.
- n. The floor of a body of water, especially the sea.
- n. Soil; earth: level the ground for a lawn.
- n. An area of land designated for a particular purpose. Often used in the plural: a burial ground; parade grounds.
- n. The land surrounding or forming part of a house or another building. Often used in the plural: a guesthouse on the grounds of the mansion.
- n. An area or a position that is contested in or as if in battle: The soldiers held their ground against the enemy. Character witnesses helped the defendant stand her ground in the trial.
- n. Something that serves as a foundation or means of attachment for something else: a ground of white paint under the mural.
- n. A surrounding area; a background.
- n. The foundation for an argument, a belief, or an action; a basis. Often used in the plural.
- n. The underlying condition prompting an action; a cause. Often used in the plural: grounds for suspicion; a ground for divorce. See Synonyms at base1.
- n. An area of reference or discussion; a subject: The professor covered new ground in every lecture.
- n. The sediment at or from the bottom of a liquid: coffee grounds.
- n. Electricity A large conducting body, such as the earth or an electric circuit connected to the earth, used as an arbitrary zero of potential.
- n. Electricity A conducting object, such as a wire, that is connected to such a position of zero potential.
- v. To place on or cause to touch the ground.
- v. To provide a basis for (a theory, for example); justify.
- v. To supply with basic information; instruct in fundamentals.
- v. To prevent (an aircraft or a pilot) from flying.
- v. Informal To restrict (someone) especially to a certain place as a punishment.
- v. Electricity To connect (an electric circuit) to a ground.
- v. Nautical To run (a vessel) aground.
- v. Baseball To hit (a ball) onto the ground.
- v. Football To throw (a ball) to the ground in order to stop play and avoid being tackled behind the line of scrimmage.
- v. To touch or reach the ground.
- v. Baseball To hit a ground ball: grounded to the second baseman.
- v. Nautical To run aground.
- ground out Baseball To be put out by hitting a ground ball that is fielded and thrown to first base.
- idiom. drive To belabor (an issue or a subject).
- idiom. from the ground up From the most basic level to the highest level; completely: designed the house from the ground up; learned the family business from the ground up.
- idiom. off the ground Under way, as if in flight: Because of legal difficulties, the construction project never got off the ground.
- idiom. on (one's) own ground In a situation where one has knowledge or competence: a sculptor back on her own ground after experiments with painting.
- idiom. on the ground At a place that is exciting, interesting, or important.
- idiom. to ground Into a den or burrow: a fox going to ground.
- idiom. to ground Into hiding.
- v. Past tense and past participle of grind.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The bottom; the lowest part.
- n. Foundation; base; a surface serving as a support, as a floor or pavement.
- n. The solid part of the earth's surface; the crust of the globe; the firm land.
- n. The disintegrated portion of the earth's crust, lying upon its surface; soil; earth.
- n. A limited part of the earth's surface; a space or tract of country; a region.
- n. Land appropriated to individual ownership or use; cultivated land; a landed estate or possession; specifically, the land immediately surrounding or connected with a dwelling-house or other building and devoted to its uses: commonly in the plural.
- n. Land appropriated to some special use (without reference to ownership), as the playing of games: as, base-ball grounds; cricket-grounds; hunting-grounds; hence, also, fishing-grounds.
- n. The pit of a theater. It was originally without benches, and on a level with the stage.
- n. In mining: Same as country
- n. That part of the lode or vein which is being worked, or to which reference is made.
- n. The basis upon or by means of which a work is executed, or upon which it rests for support or display; a foundation, foil, or background.
- n. Specifically— In painting, a basis for a picture, whether it be of plaster, as in distemper or fresco, or only a general tone of color spread over the surface of a canvas and intended to show through the overlaid color if transparent, or to relieve it if opaque.
- n. In sculpture, the flat surface from which the figures project: said of a work in relief.
- n. In etching, a coating of varnish applied to a plate as a basis to work upon; in mezzotint, a roughening of the copper with a cradle for a like purpose. See etching and etching-ground.
- n. In decorative art, the original surface, uncolored, or colored with a fiat tint only as a preparation for further ornament. Thus, a background may consist of slight scrollwork, fretwork, or the like, printed upon the ground, as in the case of decorative designs of considerable richness, figure-work, flower-work, and the like.
- n. In ceramics, the colored surface of the body of a piece upon which painting in enamels or gilding is to be applied. See ground-laying and bossing, 1.
- n. In lace, that part of lace which is not the pattern, of two kinds, one called the reseau or net, and the other the grillage. See these words and lace.
- n. In music: A cantus firm us, or melody proposed for contrapuntal treatment.
- n. Especially— A ground bass (which see, under bass).
- n. In textile manufacturing, the principal color, to which others are considered as ornamental; that part of manufactured articles, as tapestry, carpeting, etc., of a uniform color, on which the figures are, as it were, drawn or projected.
- n. One of the pieces nailed to lathing to form a guide for the surface of plastering, and to serve as a basis for stucco-work.
- n. The first coat of hard varnish in japanning.
- n. That which logically necessitates a given judgment or conclusion; a sufficient reason; in general, a reason or datum of reasoning; logical or rational foundation.
- n. Source, origin, or cause.
- n. plural Remnants; ends; scraps; small pieces.
- n. plural Sediment at the bottom of liquors; dregs; lees: as, coffee-grounds; the grounds of strong beer.
- n. In electricity, a connection with the earth, so that the electricity passes off into it.
- n. At the spot or place mentioned; at hand.
- n. To gain credit; prevail; become more general or extensive: as, the opinion gains ground.
- n. To lose advantage.
- n. To lose credit; decline; become less in force or extent.
- Pertaining to the ground. Belonging to the ground or base; hence, basic; fundamental: as, the ground form of word; ground facts or principles.
- Pertaining to the soil: as, ground air.
- Situated on or nearest to the surface of the earth: as, the ground floor.
- Nautical: () The lowest range of water-casks in the hold of a vessel before the introduction of iron tanks. () The lowest range of any material stowed in the hold.
- To place on a foundation; found; establish firmly in position.
- To settle or establish in any way, as on reason or principle; fix or settle firmly in existence or in thought.
- To instruct thoroughly in elements or first principles.
- To lay or set on or in the ground; bring to ground, or to rest on or as if on the ground.
- Nautical, to run ashore or aground; cause to strike the ground: as, to ground a ship.
- In electricity, to connect with the earth, as a conductor, so that the electricity can pass off to it.
- To form a ground on or for; furnish with a ground or base. See ground, n., 10.
- To run aground; strike the ground and remain fixed, as a ship.
- To come to or strike the ground.
- To base an opinion or course of action; depend.
- Preterit and past participle of grind.
- To set (a color); to make (a color) fast.
- v. Simple past tense and past participle of grind.
- adj. Crushed, or reduced to small particles.
- adj. Processed by grinding.
- n. uncountable The surface of the Earth, as opposed to the sky or water or underground.
- n. uncountable Terrain.
- n. uncountable Soil, earth.
- n. countable The bottom of a body of water.
- n. Basis, foundation, groundwork, legwork.
- n. Background, context, framework, surroundings.
- n. countable A soccer stadium.
- n. electricity An electrical conductor connected to the ground.
- n. electricity A level of electrical potential used as a zero reference.
- n. countable, cricket The area of grass on which a match is played (a cricket field); the entire arena in which it is played; that part of the field behind a batsman's popping crease where he can not be run out (hence to make one's ground)
- v. To connect (an electrical conductor or device) to a ground.
- v. transitive To punish a child or teenager by forcing him/her to stay at home and/or take away certain privileges.
- v. transitive To forbid (an aircraft or pilot) to fly.
- v. To gain a basic education (of a particular subject).
- v. baseball to hit a ground ball; to hit a ground ball which results in an out. Compare fly (verb(regular)) and line (verb).
- v. cricket (of a batsman) to place his bat, or part of his body, on the ground behind the popping crease so as not to be run out
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The surface of the earth; the outer crust of the globe, or some indefinite portion of it.
- n. A floor or pavement supposed to rest upon the earth.
- n. Any definite portion of the earth's surface; region; territory; country. A territory appropriated to, or resorted to, for a particular purpose; the field or place of action
- n. Land; estate; possession; field; esp. (pl.), the gardens, lawns, fields, etc., belonging to a homestead.
- n. The basis on which anything rests; foundation. Hence: The foundation of knowledge, belief, or conviction; a premise, reason, or datum; ultimate or first principle; cause of existence or occurrence; originating force or agency.
- n. That surface upon which the figures of a composition are set, and which relieves them by its plainness, being either of one tint or of tints but slightly contrasted with one another.
- n. In sculpture, a flat surface upon which figures are raised in relief.
- n. In point lace, the net of small meshes upon which the embroidered pattern is applied. See Brussels lace, under Brussels.
- n. (Etching) A gummy composition spread over the surface of a metal to be etched, to prevent the acid from eating except where an opening is made by the needle.
- n. (Arch.) One of the pieces of wood, flush with the plastering, to which moldings, etc., are attached; -- usually in the plural.
- n. A composition in which the bass, consisting of a few bars of independent notes, is continually repeated to a varying melody.
- n. The tune on which descants are raised; the plain song.
- n. (Elec.) A conducting connection with the earth, whereby the earth is made part of an electrical circuit.
- n. Sediment at the bottom of liquors or liquids; dregs; lees; feces.
- n. obsolete The pit of a theater.
- v. To lay, set, or run, on the ground.
- v. To found; to fix or set, as on a foundation, reason, or principle; to furnish a ground for; to fix firmly.
- v. To instruct in elements or first principles.
- v. (Elec.) To connect with the ground so as to make the earth a part of an electrical circuit.
- v. (Fine Arts) To cover with a ground, as a copper plate for etching (see Ground, n., 5); or as paper or other materials with a uniform tint as a preparation for ornament.
- v. To forbid (a pilot) to fly an airplane; -- usually as a disciplinary measure, or for reasons of ill health sufficient to interfere with performance.
- v. To forbid (aircraft) to fly; -- usually due to the unsafe condition of the aircraft or lack of conformity to safety regulations.
- v. To temporarily restrict the activities of (a child), especially social activity outside the house; -- usually for bad or unsatisfactory conduct.
- v. To run aground; to strike the bottom and remain fixed.
- imp. & p. p. of grind.
- v. fix firmly and stably
- v. confine or restrict to the ground
- n. (art) the surface (as a wall or canvas) prepared to take the paint for a painting
- n. the part of a scene (or picture) that lies behind objects in the foreground
- n. a relation that provides the foundation for something
- v. bring to the ground
- v. hit or reach the ground
- n. a rational motive for a belief or action
- v. place or put on the ground
- n. a position to be won or defended in battle (or as if in battle)
- v. instruct someone in the fundamentals of a subject
- v. hit onto the ground
- n. the loose soft material that makes up a large part of the land surface
- n. a relatively homogeneous percept extending back of the figure on which attention is focused
- n. the solid part of the earth's surface
- n. a connection between an electrical device and a large conducting body, such as the earth (which is taken to be at zero voltage)
- v. throw to the ground in order to stop play and avoid being tackled behind the line of scrimmage
- n. the first or preliminary coat of paint or size applied to a surface
- v. hit a groundball
- v. use as a basis for; found on
- v. cover with a primer; apply a primer to
- n. material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use)
- v. connect to a ground
- From Old English grund, from Proto-Germanic *grunduz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰr̥mtu-. Cognate with West Frisian grûn, Dutch grond and German Grund. Non-Germanic cognates include Albanian grundë ("brittle earth") and gryej ("to erode, crumble"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Old English grund. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“It has everything above the ground, and everything under the ground .”
“The country about Syracuse is neither grand nor beautiful; but the ground is _classic ground_, and Sicily has not been brought within the reach of an intercourse which, while it polishes and confers substantial benefits, removes the sacred rust of antiquity.”
“If it be true, that on the ground which I occupy, ground which I occupy as frankly and boldly as Judge Douglas does his, my views, though partly coinciding with yours, are not as perfectly in accordance with your feelings as his are, I do say to you in all candor, go for him and not for me.”
“When cavalry is required to charge over unknown ground, it should be preceded by a few men thrown out to the front as skirmishers, in order to _scout the ground_ to be passed over.”
“I fowed an acre on the other fide of the vrheat, with three ftone, which was a very good crop, for it branched to fiU the ground with a fine long-eared corn; it branched firom two to fix or eight ears out of a root, according to the diftarice the grains 'fell from each other, juft fo they ftooled or branched tiU they filled the ground*”
“Before the 2001 attacks, the term ground zero was most often used to denote the center of a major explosion, often in reference to a nuclear detonation.”
“The only way Republicans can try to gain ground is to tear down our great President and the Democratic party.”
“I have always said that the only times Democrats gain ground is when Republicans overplay their hand and their true agenda shows.”
“Previously, the phrase "ground zero" had only one meaning: it was the spot where a nuclear explosion had occurred.”
“That the likely Democratic Presidential candidate refuses to look at the facts on the ground is a measure of how tenaciously he and his party are committed to American impotence.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘ground’.
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