from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A layer of hard subsoil or clay. Also called caliche.
- n. Hard, unbroken ground.
- n. A foundation; bedrock.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A distinct layer of soil that is largely impervious to water.
- n. A dry lake.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. the hard stratum of earth lying beneath the soil; hence, figuratively, the firm, substantial, fundamental part or quality of anything; as, the hard pan of character, of a matter in dispute, etc. See Pan.
- n. The hard substratum. Same as Hard pan, under hard, a.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The more or less firmly consolidated detrital material which sometimes underlies a superficial covering of soil.
- n. Hence Hard, unbroken ground.
- n. The lowest level; lowest foundation; a firm footing for effort or upward progress: as, prices have reached hard-pan.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. crust or layer of hard subsoil encrusted with calcium-carbonate occurring in arid or semiarid regions
Sorry, no etymologies found.