American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A fine clay used in ceramics and refractories and as a filler or coating for paper and textiles.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A fine variety of clay, resulting from the decomposition of feldspar. It is a hydrated silicate of aluminium. When pure it is perfectly white, and forms compact, friable, or mealy masses, made up of scalelike crystals. It is soft and unctuous to the touch. Kaolin forms one of the two ingredients in Oriental porcelain; the other, called in China petuntze, is a quartzose feldspathic rock. Kaolin occurs in China, Japan, Saxony, Cornwall, near Limoges in France, and at several localities in the United States; that from Limoges is used for the famous Sèvres porcelain. In mineralogy called
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Min.) A very pure white clay, ordinarily in the form of impalpable powder, and used to form the paste of porcelain; China clay; porcelain clay. It is chiefly derived from the decomposition of common feldspar.
- n. a fine usually white clay formed by the weathering of aluminous minerals (as feldspar); used in ceramics and as an absorbent and as a filler (e.g., in paper)
- From Mandarin 高陵 (gāolíng, "high hill"), in Jingdezhen, Jiangxi province, China, the location where this clay was first found. (Wiktionary)
- French, from Chinese (Mandarin) Gāolǐng, a mountain of Jiangxi province. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Aluminum silicate Also called kaolin, this clay mineral was the "kao" in antidiarrheal Kaopectate until 1989.”
“Another crop they use is called kaolin (pronounced "gollin" in this country).”
“In relatively pure condition it is called kaolin; in the impure state, mixed with sand and other substances, it forms common clay.”
“In contrast, the Meissen factory created more impermeable ceramics like those made in China by combining a white clay called kaolin into the mix and firing the pieces at high temperatures.”
“It engages in iron ore mining, pellet production, manganese ore mining and ferroalloy production, as well as in the production of nonferrous minerals, such as kaolin, potash, copper and gold.”
“· Adsorbents, such as kaolin, pectin and activated charcoal.”
“If you want to make a china cup, you must have a fine sort of clay called "kaolin," which is pure white when it is fired and is not very common; but if you want to make bricks, it will not be at all difficult to find a suitable clay bank.”
“Besides the coloring, a "filler" is usually added at this time, such as kaolin, the fine clay of which china is made.”
“Watercolors appear more vivid than acrylics or oils because the pigments are laid down in a more pure form with fewer fillers (such as kaolin) obscuring the pigment colors.”
“Gut lining protectants such as kaolin and pectin are favored by some, but their effectiveness in stopping fluid and electrolyte loss has been questioned recently.”
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