Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Being such that every part of the surface or the circumference is equidistant from the center: a round ball.
  • adj. Moving in or forming a circle.
  • adj. Shaped like a cylinder; cylindrical.
  • adj. Rather rounded in shape: the child's round face.
  • adj. Full in physique; plump: a round figure.
  • adj. Linguistics Formed or articulated with the lips in a rounded shape: a round vowel.
  • adj. Full in tone; sonorous.
  • adj. Whole or complete; full: a round dozen.
  • adj. Mathematics Expressed or designated as a whole number or integer; not fractional.
  • adj. Not exact; approximate: a round estimate.
  • adj. Large; considerable: a round sum of money.
  • adj. Brought to satisfactory conclusion or completion; finished.
  • adj. Outspoken; blunt: a round scolding.
  • adj. Done with full force; unrestrained: gave me a round thrashing.
  • n. Something, such as a circle, disk, globe, or ring, that is round.
  • n. A circle formed of various things.
  • n. Movement around a circle or about an axis.
  • n. A rung or crossbar, as one on a ladder or chair.
  • n. A cut of beef from the part of the thigh between the rump and the shank.
  • n. An assembly of people; a group.
  • n. A round dance.
  • n. A complete course, succession, or series: a round of parties; a round of negotiations.
  • n. A course of customary or prescribed actions, duties, or places. Often used in the plural: physicians' rounds.
  • n. A complete range or extent.
  • n. One drink for each person in a gathering or group: Let me buy the next round.
  • n. A single outburst, as of applause or cheering.
  • n. A single shot or volley.
  • n. Ammunition for a single shot or volley.
  • n. A specified number of arrows shot from a specified distance to a target in archery.
  • n. Sports & Games A unit of play that occupies a specified time, constitutes a certain number of plays, or allows each player a turn, especially the 18-hole sequence played in golf or one of the periods in a boxing match.
  • n. Music A composition for two or more voices in which each voice enters at a different time with the same melody.
  • transitive v. To make round. See Synonyms at bend1.
  • transitive v. To encompass; surround.
  • transitive v. To cause to proceed or move in a circular course.
  • transitive v. Linguistics To pronounce with rounded lips; labialize.
  • transitive v. To fill out; make plump.
  • transitive v. To bring to completion or perfection; finish.
  • transitive v. Mathematics To express as a round number: The number 1.64 can be rounded to 1.6 or to 2.
  • transitive v. To make a complete circuit of; go or pass around.
  • transitive v. To make a turn about or to the other side of: rounded a bend in the road.
  • intransitive v. To become round.
  • intransitive v. To take a circular course; complete or partially complete a circuit: racecars rounding into the final lap.
  • intransitive v. To turn about, as on an axis; reverse.
  • intransitive v. To become curved, filled out, or plump.
  • intransitive v. To come to satisfactory completion or perfection.
  • adv. In a circular progression or movement; around.
  • adv. With revolutions: wheels moving round.
  • adv. To a specific place or person: called round for the pastor; sent round for the veterinarian.
  • prep. Around.
  • prep. From the beginning to the end of; throughout: a plant that grows round the year.
  • round on To turn on and assail.
  • round up To seek out and bring together; gather.
  • round up To herd (cattle) together from various places.
  • idiom in the round With the stage in the center of the audience.
  • idiom in the round Fully shaped so as to stand free of a background: a sculpture in the round.
  • idiom make To go from place to place, as on business or for entertainment: a delivery truck making the rounds; students going the rounds in the entertainment district.
  • idiom make To be communicated or passed from person to person: The news quickly made the rounds. A piece of juicy gossip is going the rounds.
  • transitive v. Archaic To whisper.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Circular or cylindrical; having a circular cross-section in one direction.
  • adj. Spherical; shaped like a ball; having a circular cross-section in more than one direction.
  • adj. Lacking sharp angles; having gentle curves.
  • adj. Plump
  • adj. Complete, whole, not lacking.
  • adj. Convenient for rounding other numbers to; for example, ending in a zero.
  • adj. Pronounced with the lips drawn together.
  • n. A circular object.
  • n. A circular or repetitious route; hospital rounds.
  • n. A general outburst from a group of people at an event.
  • n. A song that is sung by groups of people with each subset of people starting at a different time.
  • n. A serving of something; a portion of something to each person in a group.
  • n. A single individual portion or dose of medicine.
  • n. A long-bristled, circular-headed paintbrush used in oil and acrylic painting.
  • n. A firearm cartridge, bullet, or any individual ammunition projectile. Originally referring to the spherical projectile ball of a smoothbore firearm. Compare round shot and solid shot.
  • n. One of the specified pre-determined segments of the total time of a sport event, such as a boxing or wrestling match, during which contestants compete before being signaled to stop.
  • n. A stage in a competition.
  • n. In some sports, e.g. golf or showjumping: one complete way around the course.
  • n. A rounded relief or cut at an edge, especially an outside edge, added for a finished appearance and to soften sharp edges.
  • n. A strip of material with a circular face that covers an edge, gap, or crevice for decorative, sanitary, or security purposes.
  • n. The hindquarters of a bovine.
  • n. A rung, as of a ladder.
  • prep. Alternative form of around.
  • adv. Alternative form of around.
  • v. To shape something into a curve.
  • v. To become shaped into a curve.
  • v. To finish; to complete; to fill out.
  • v. To approximate a number, especially a decimal number by the closest whole number.
  • v. To turn past a boundary.
  • v. To turn and attack someone or something (used with on).
  • v. To advance to home plate.
  • v. To go round, pass, go past
  • n. A whisper; whispering.
  • n. Discourse; song.
  • v. To speak in a low tone; whisper; speak secretly; take counsel.
  • v. To address or speak to in a whisper, utter in a whisper.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Having every portion of the surface or of the circumference equally distant from the center; spherical; circular; having a form approaching a spherical or a circular shape; orbicular; globular.
  • adj. Having the form of a cylinder; cylindrical.
  • adj. Having a curved outline or form; especially, one like the arc of a circle or an ellipse, or a portion of the surface of a sphere; rotund; bulging; protuberant; not angular or pointed
  • adj. Full; complete; not broken; not fractional; approximately in even units, tens, hundreds, thousands, etc.; -- said of numbers.
  • adj. Not inconsiderable; large; hence, generous; free.
  • adj. Uttered or emitted with a full tone
  • adj. Modified, as a vowel, by contraction of the lip opening, making the opening more or less round in shape; rounded; labialized; labial. See Guide to Pronunciation, § 11.
  • adj. Outspoken; plain and direct; unreserved; unqualified; not mincing
  • adj. Full and smoothly expanded; not defective or abrupt; finished; polished; -- said of style, or of authors with reference to their style.
  • adj. Complete and consistent; fair; just; -- applied to conduct.
  • adv. On all sides; around.
  • adv. Circularly; in a circular form or manner; by revolving or reversing one's position
  • adv. In circumference.
  • adv. From one side or party to another; as to come or turn round, -- that is, to change sides or opinions.
  • adv. By or in a circuit; by a course longer than the direct course; back to the starting point.
  • adv. Through a circle, as of friends or houses.
  • adv. Roundly; fully; vigorously.
  • n. Anything round, as a circle, a globe, a ring. “The golden round” [the crown].
  • n. A series of changes or events ending where it began; a series of like events recurring in continuance; a cycle; a periodical revolution
  • n. A course ending where it began; a circuit; a beat; especially, one freguently or regulary traversed; also, the act of traversing a circuit.
  • n. A series of duties or tasks which must be performed in turn, and then repeated.
  • n. One work cycle, consisting of drilling blast holes, loading them with explosive, blasting, mucking out, and, if necessary, installing temporary support.
  • n. A course of action or conduct performed by a number of persons in turn, or one after another, as if seated in a circle.
  • n. A complete set of plays in a game or contest covering a standard number of individual plays or parts.
  • n. One set of games in a tournament.
  • n. The time during which prize fighters or boxers are in actual contest without an intermission, as prescribed by their rules; a bout.
  • n. A circular dance.
  • n. That which goes round a whole circle or company.
  • n. Rotation, as in office; succession.
  • n. The step of a ladder; a rundle or rung; also, a crosspiece which joins and braces the legs of a chair.
  • n.
  • n. A walk performed by a guard or an officer round the rampart of a garrison, or among sentinels, to see that the sentinels are faithful and all things safe; also, the guard or officer, with his attendants, who performs this duty; -- usually in the plural.
  • n. A general discharge of firearms by a body of troops in which each soldier fires once.
  • n. One piece of ammunition for a firearm, used by discharging one piece at a time.
  • n. A short vocal piece, resembling a catch in which three or four voices follow each other round in a species of canon in the unison.
  • n. A brewer's vessel in which the fermentation is concluded, the yeast escaping through the bunghole.
  • n. A vessel filled, as for drinking.
  • n. An assembly; a group; a circle.
  • n. See Roundtop.
  • n. Same as Round of beef, below.
  • prep. On every side of, so as to encompass or encircle; around; about.
  • v. To whisper.
  • intransitive v. To grow round or full; hence, to attain to fullness, completeness, or perfection.
  • intransitive v. To go round, as a guard.
  • intransitive v. To go or turn round; to wheel about.
  • transitive v. To make circular, spherical, or cylindrical; to give a round or convex figure to.
  • transitive v. To surround; to encircle; to encompass.
  • transitive v. To bring to fullness or completeness; to complete; hence, to bring to a fit conclusion.
  • transitive v. To go round wholly or in part; to go about (a corner or point).
  • transitive v. To make full, smooth, and flowing.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Circular, or roughly so; plane, without angles, and having no axis much longer than any other.
  • Having circular sections: as, round columns; round chambers. See round bodies, below.—
  • Spherical; globular; compressed about a center; collected into a shape more or less exactly spherical.
  • Without corners or edges; convex, not elongated, and unwrinkled; bounded by lines or surfaces of tolerably uniform curvature.
  • Proceeding with an easy, smooth, brisk motion, like that of a wheel: as, a round trot.
  • Well-filled; full; liberal or large in amount or volume: as, “good round sum,”
  • Not descending to unworthy and vexatious stickling over small details.
  • Not prevaricating; candid; open.
  • Without much delicacy or reserve; plain-spoken: as, a round oath.
  • Severe; harsh.
  • Periodic; beginning and ending at the same position or state of things, and that without reversal of the direction of advance: as, a round journey.
  • Filled out roundly or symmetrically; made complete in sense, symmetrical in form, and well-balanced in cadence; well-turned: said of a sentence or of literary style.
  • Written, as a number, with one or more “round figures,” or ciphers, at the end. See round number, below.
  • In anatomy and zoology: Circular; annular.
  • Cylindric; terete.
  • Rotund; globose or globular; spherical.
  • In architecture, round-arched or-vaulted; characterized by the presence of round arches or a barrel-vault.
  • A corruption of the word rondo, common in English music-books of the early part of the eighteenth century.
  • In seal-engraving, a tool with a round bead-like end, used for purposes very similar to those of the bead-tool.
  • Synonyms See roundness.
  • n. That which has roundness; a round (spherical, circular, cylindrical, or conical) object or group of objects; a round part or piece of something: as, a round of beef.
  • n. Specifically— A rung of a ladder or a chair, or any similar round or spindle-shaped piece joining side- or corner-pieces by its ends.
  • n. In architecture, a molding the section of which is a segment of a circle or of a curved figure differing but little from a circle.
  • n. In art, form rounded or curved and standing free in nature or representation; specifically, the presentation in sculpture of complete roundness, represented with its projection on all sides, as in nature, free from any ground, as distinguished from relief: used with the definite article, especially with reference to sculptures of human and animal figures.
  • n. A circle; a ring or coil; a gathering in a circle or company, as of persons.
  • n. A circuit of action or progression; a going about from point to point or from one to another in a more or less definite series; a range or course through a circle of places, persons, things, or doings: as, a round of travel or of visits; a round of duties or pleasures; the story went the rounds of the papers.
  • n. A fixed or prescribed circuit of going or doing, supposed to be repeated at regular intervals; a course or tour of duty: as, a policeman's or a sentinel's round; the rounds of postmen, milkmen, newsmen, etc.; a round of inspection by a military officer or guard.
  • n. A complete or continuous circuit or course; revolution or range from beginning to end, or without limit; sweep; scope; sphere: as, the rounds of the planets; the whole round of science.
  • n. A bout or turn of joint or reciprocal action; a course of procedure by two or more, either complete in itself, or one of a series with intermissions or renewals: as, rounds of applause; a round at cards; a round of golf (a course of play round the whole extent of the golfing-ground).
  • n. Specifically— In pugilism, one of the series of bouts constituting a prize-fight or a sparring-match. A round may last for a certain specified length of time, as three minutes, or until one of the combatants is down.
  • n. A bout of shooting, as at a target, in saluting, or in battle, either with firearms or with bows, in which a certain number of shots are delivered, or in which the participants shoot or fire by turns.
  • n. A bout of toast-drinking; the drinking of a toast or of a set of toasts by the persons round a table; also, a toast to be drunk by the company.
  • n. A bout of drinking participated in by a number of persons; a treat all round: as, to pay for the round.
  • n. In vocal music, a short rhythmical canon at the unison, in which the several voices enter at equal intervals of time: distinguished from a catch simply in not being necessarily humorous. Rounds have always been very popular in England. The earliest specimen is the famous “Sumer is i-cumen in,” which dates from the early part of the thirteenth century, and is the oldest example of counterpoint extant. Also called rondo, rota.
  • n. Same as round dance (which see, under I.).
  • n. Same as roundel.
  • n. Ammunition for a single shot or volley: as, to supply a marksman or a company with forty rounds.
  • n. In the manège, a volt, or circular tread.
  • n. A brewers' vessel for holding beer while undergoing the final fermentation.
  • Roundly; vigorously; loudly.
  • On all sides; so as to surround or make the circuit of. See round about, below.
  • With a revolving or rotating movement or course; in a circular or curvilinear direction; around: as, to go round in a circle; to turn round and go the other way.
  • In or within a circuit; round about.
  • To or at this place or time through a circuit or circuitous course.
  • In circumference: as, a tree or a pillar 40 inches round.
  • In a circling or circulating course; through a circle, as of persons or things: as, there was not food enough to go round; to pass round among the company.
  • In a complete round or series; from beginning to end.
  • In all respects; for all purposes: also used adjectively: as, a clever all-round writer or actor; a good horse for all-round work.
  • All around; in every direction.
  • [About, prep.] On every side of; all round.
  • On every side of; surrounding; encircling: as, the people stood round him; to put a rope round a post.
  • Circuitously about: as, a ramble round the park; to sail round Cape Horn; a journey round the world.
  • To give roundness or rotundity to; make circular, spherical, cylindrical, conical, convex, or curved; form with a round or curved outline: as, to round the edges of anything; the rounded corners of a piano or of a book.
  • To fill out roundly or symmetrically; complete or perfect in form or substance.
  • To fill out the circle or term of; bring to completion; finish off.
  • To encircle; encompass; surround.

Etymologies

Middle English, from Anglo-Norman rounde, variant of Old French rond, ultimately from Vulgar Latin *retundus, from Latin rotundus, from rota, wheel; see ret- in Indo-European roots.
Middle English rounden, from Old English rūnian, from rūn, a secret.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old French ront, runt ( > French rond), representing an earlier *rodond, from Latin rotundus ( > Italian rotondo, Provençal redon, Spanish redondo etc.). The noun developed partly from the adjective and partly from the corresponding French noun rond. Compare rotund and rotunda. (Wiktionary)
From Middle English rounen, from Old English rūnian ("to whisper, talk low, talk secrets, consipre, talk secretly"), from Proto-Germanic *rūnōnan (“to talk secrets, whisper, decide”), *raunijanan (“to investigate, examine, prove”), from Proto-Indo-European *(e)rewə-, *(e)rwō- (“to trace, find out, look out”). Cognate with Scots roun ("to converse with in whispers, speak privately"), Middle Low German rūnen ("to whisper"), Middle Dutch ruinen ("to whisper"), German raunen ("to whisper, murmur"), Old English rūn ("whisper, secret, mystery"), Swedish röna ("to meet with, experience"). More at rune. (Wiktionary)
From Middle English roun, from Old English rūn ("whisper, secret, mystery"), from Proto-Germanic *rūnō, *raunō (“a whisper, secret, secret sign”), from Proto-Indo-European *(e)rewə-, *(e)rwō- (“to trace, find out, look out”). Cognate with Scots roun, round ("a whisper, secret story"), German Rune ("rune"), Swedish rön ("findings, observations, experience"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • The third one is a charm, but not one a democracy wants to hang 'round its neck. yahooBuzzArticleHeadline =' The third one is a charm, but not one a democracy wants to hang \'round its neck. '

    The third one is a charm, but not one a democracy wants to hang 'round its neck.

  • On the other hand, expressions are materially absurd if the impossibility of there being any corresponding object is based in the particular material concepts employed, e.g., ˜a round square™ is a materially absurd expression based in the particular meanings of ˜round™ and ˜square™.

    Categories

  • Further south, e.g. in the region round Beit Jibrin, they are more frequently sunk vertically, the entrance being in the roof of the burial chamber, or approached by a square shaft (a reversion to the Second Semitic form, except that these latter have _round_ shafts).

    How to Observe in Archaeology

  • For example, if it be a false affirmation to say ‘a quadrangle is round, ’ the word ‘round quadrangle’ signifies nothing, but is a mere sound.

    Chapter IV. Of Speech

  • Wheels on the bus go round and round...round and round..round then down..

    The Seattle Times

  • writer's block round& round this empty block again& again i go double, triple lost each awful keystroke a doppelganger sabotage twice meeting itself this nauseous elliptical process of so little unfolding consequence anticipation wearing too tight shoes cigarettes and coffee smirking in the background hemingway& faulkner offering whiskey still the unsolved crime:

    writer’s block

  • We've seen this a lot of times before in many different ways, I don't really see how this is in a “whole new light”, apart from they've switched the title round from the original!

    Filmstalker: Princess and the Frog trailer online

  • I rolled the name round on my tongue, sure I had tasted it before.

    An Atlas of Impossible Longing

  • And all the time I thought myself exceptional, I was only being made a fool, and one of a large number, and a laughing-stock for the whole city, and branded, as it were, with ridicule and ignominy as a plaything of the Queen, and going about unconsciously with her label round my neck: Nectar when she turns towards thee: poison when she turns away!

    The Substance of a Dream

  • He is a small yellow dog, with glass optics, and the label round his neck said, "His eyes move."

    The Sunny Side

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Comments

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  • trueseed's comment below (3/2/08) is just fine. I learned that round "Row, Row, Row Your Boat" and many other rounds at school and since.

    This definition is now included in the American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition, above: "Music A composition for two or more voices in which each voice enters at a different time with the same melody."

    July 17, 2013

  • 'To come round' is to recover consciousness.
    'To bring round' is to attempt to cause a person to return to consciousness. An anesthetist/anesthesiologist/anaesthetist might do that.
    'round' does not seem to appear in the entry as of 17/7/13.

    July 17, 2013

  • A round is a musical composition in which two or more voices sing exactly the same melody over and over again, but with each voice beginning at different times. "Row, Row, Row Your Boat" is a well known children's round for 4 voices.
    Row, row, row your boat,
    Gently down the stream.
    Merrily, merrily, merrily, merrily,
    Life is but a dream.

    February 3, 2008