from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- prep. Close to; next to: the window by the door.
- prep. With the use or help of; through: We came by the back road.
- prep. Up to and beyond; past: We drove by the house.
- prep. At or to: stopped by the bakery; came by the house.
- prep. In the period of; during: sleeping by day.
- prep. Not later than: by 5:30 P.M.
- prep. In the amount of: letters by the thousands.
- prep. To the extent of: shorter by two inches.
- prep. According to: played by the rules.
- prep. With respect to: siblings by blood.
- prep. In the name of: swore by the Bible to tell the truth.
- prep. Through the agency or action of: was killed by a bullet.
- prep. Used to indicate a succession of specified individuals, groups, or quantities: One by one they left. They were persuaded little by little.
- prep. Used in multiplication and division: Multiply 4 by 6 to get 24.
- prep. Used with measurements: a room 12 by 18 feet.
- prep. Toward. Used to express direction with points of the compass: south by east.
- adv. On hand; nearby: Stand by.
- adv. Aside; away: We put it by for later.
- adv. Up to, alongside, and past: The car raced by.
- adv. At or to one's home or current location: Stop by later today.
- adv. Into the past: as years go by.
- idiom by oneself Without company; alone: went by herself.
- idiom by oneself Without help: wrote the book by myself.
- n. Variant of bye1.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- prep. Near or next to.
- prep. At some time before (the given time), or before the end of a given time interval.
- prep. Indicates the actor in a clause with its verb in the passive voice Through the action or presence of.
- prep. Indicates the creator of a work Existing through the authorship etc of.
- prep. Indicates the cause of a condition or event Through the action of, caused by, responsibility for; by dint of.
- prep. Indicates a means Involving/using the means of.
- prep. Indicates a source of light (medium emanating from hot sources)
- prep. Indicates a rule followed Using the rules or logic of.
- prep. Indicates the amount of some progression With a change of.
- prep. In the formulae X by X and by Xs, indicates a steady progression, one X after another.
- prep. Indicates a referenced source According to.
- prep. Indicates an oath With the authority of.
- prep. Used to separate dimensions when describing the size of something.
- adv. Along a path which runs by the speaker.
- adv. In the vicinity, near.
- adv. To or at a place, as a residence or place of business.
- adv. Aside, away.
- adj. Out of the way, subsidiary.
- n. A pass
- interj. Alternative spelling of bye.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Out of the common path; aside; -- used in composition, giving the meaning of something aside, secondary, or incidental, or collateral matter, a thing private or avoiding notice. It was formerly more freely used in composition than it is now
- adv. Near; in the neighborhood; present.
- adv. Passing near; going past; past; beyond.
- adv. Aside.
- prep. In the neighborhood of; near or next to; not far from; close to; along with.
- prep. On; along; in traversing. Compare 5.
- prep. Near to, while passing; hence, from one to the other side of; past.
- prep. Used in specifying adjacent dimensions.
- prep. Against.
- prep. With, as means, way, process, etc.; through means of; with aid of; through; through the act or agency of; ; profit is made by commerce; to take by force.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Near; close to; beside; with; about: as, sit by me; the house stands by a river.
- Near, or up to and beyond, with reference to motion; past: as, to move or go by a church.
- Along (in direction or progress); in or through (the course of); over or alongside of: as, to approach a town by the highway.
- On; upon; especially, through or on as a means of conveyance: as, he journeyed both by water and by rail.
- Through. Through the action or operation of, as the immediate agent or the producing or instigating cause: as, the empire founded by Napoleon; a novel written by Cooper; the victories gained by Nelson; a picture painted by Rubens.
- With the perception of, as the subject or recipient of the action or feeling: as, he died regretted by all who knew him; this was felt by them to be an intentional slight. Through the means or agency of, as the intermediate agent or instrument: as, the city was destroyed by fire.
- Through the use of; with the aid of, as means: as, to take by force; by your leave.
- In consequence of; by virtue of.
- In adjuration: Before; in the presence of; with the witness of; with regard to things, in view of, in consideration of: followed by the name of the being or thing appealed to as sanction: as, I appeal to you by all that is sacred.
- According to; by direction, authority, example, or evidence of: as, this appears by his own account; it is ten o'clock by my watch; these are good rules to live by.
- In the measure or quantity of; in the terms of: as, to sell cloth by the yard, milk by the quart, eggs by the dozen, beef by the pound; to board by the week.
- In comparison: To the extent of: noting mensuration or the measure or ratio of excess or inferiority: as, largerby a half; older by five years; to lessen by a third.
- Multiplied into: noting the relation of one dimension to another (in square or cubic measure): as, five feet by four, that is, measuring five feet in one direction and four feet in the other.
- During the course of; within the compass or period of: as, by day; by night.
- At (a terminal point of time); not later than; as early as: as, by this time the sun had risen; he will be here by two o'clock.
- At a time; each separately or singly: as, one by one; two by two; piece by piece.
- With reference to; in relation to; about; concerning; with: formerly especially after say, speak, etc., now chiefly after do, act, deal, etc.
- Besides; over and above; beyond.
- Without aid; by individual action exclusively: as, I did it all by myself.
- [The adverbial use is not found in AS., and is rare in ME.] Near; in the same place with; at hand: often (before the verb always) qualified by a more definite adverb; as, near by; close by; hard by.
- Aside; off.
- Of motion: Across in front or alongside and beyond: as, the carriage went by.
- Of time: In the past; over.
- At once; straightway; immediately; then.
- At some time in the future; before long; presently.
- An obsolete spelling of buy.
- An obsolete variant of be.
- An obsolete variant of bi-, be- (unaccented). See be-.
- The modern form of bi-, be-, under the accent, as in byspell, byword, etc.
- An obsolete variant of bi-, be-.
- The adverb by used as a prefix.
- n. A thing not directly aimed at; something not the immediate object of regard: as, by the by (that is, by the way, in passing).
- n. The condition of being odd, as opposed to even; the state of having no competitor in a contest where several are engaged in pairs.
- n. In cricket, a run made on a ball not struck by the batsman, but which the wicket-keeper has failed to stop.
- n. In the game of hide-and-seek, the goal: as, to touch the by.
- n. A town; habitation; dwelling: now extant only in place-names, especially in the north of England, as in Derby (Anglo-Saxon Deóra bȳ, literally ‘dwelling of deer’), Whitby, etc.
- n. A ring; a bracelet.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adv. in reserve; not for immediate use
- adv. so as to pass a given point
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