Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Having little length; not long.
  • adj. Having little height; not tall.
  • adj. Extending or traveling not far or not far enough: a short toss.
  • adj. Lasting a brief time: a short holiday.
  • adj. Appearing to pass quickly: finished the job in a few short months.
  • adj. Not lengthy; succinct: short and to the point.
  • adj. Rudely brief; abrupt.
  • adj. Easily provoked; irascible.
  • adj. Inadequate; insufficient: oil in short supply; were short on experience.
  • adj. Lacking in length or amount: a board that is short two inches.
  • adj. Lacking in breadth or scope: a short view of the problem.
  • adj. Deficient in retentiveness: a short memory.
  • adj. Not owning the stocks or commodities one is selling in anticipation of a fall in prices.
  • adj. Of or relating to a short sale.
  • adj. Containing a large amount of shortening; flaky: a short pie crust.
  • adj. Not ductile; brittle: short iron.
  • adj. Linguistics Of, relating to, or being a speech sound of relatively brief duration, as the first vowel sound in the Latin word mălus, "evil,” as compared with the same or a similar sound of relatively long duration, as the first vowel sound in the Latin word mālus, "apple tree.”
  • adj. Grammar Of, relating to, or being a vowel sound in English, such as the vowel sound (ă) in pat or (o͝o) in put, that is descended from a vowel of brief duration.
  • adj. Unstressed; unaccented. Used of a syllable in accentual prosody.
  • adj. Being of relatively brief duration. Used of a syllable in quantitative prosody.
  • adj. Slang Close to the end of a tour of military duty.
  • adv. Abruptly; quickly: stop short.
  • adv. In a rude or curt manner.
  • adv. At a point before a given boundary, limit, or goal: a missile that landed short of the target.
  • adv. At a disadvantage: We were caught short by the sudden storm.
  • adv. Without owning what one is selling: selling a commodity short.
  • n. Something short, as:
  • n. Linguistics A short syllable, vowel, or consonant.
  • n. A brief film; a short subject.
  • n. A size of clothing less long than the average for that size.
  • n. Short trousers extending to the knee or above.
  • n. Men's undershorts.
  • n. A short sale.
  • n. One that sells short.
  • n. A byproduct of wheat processing that consists of germ, bran, and coarse meal or flour.
  • n. Clippings or trimmings that remain as byproducts in various manufacturing processes, often used to make an inferior variety of the product.
  • n. A short circuit.
  • n. A malfunction caused by a short circuit.
  • n. Baseball A shortstop.
  • transitive v. To cause a short circuit in.
  • transitive v. Informal To give (one) less than one is entitled to; shortchange.
  • transitive v. To sell (a stock that one does not own) in anticipation of making a profit when its price falls; make a short sale.
  • transitive v. To sell unowned stock in (the stock market) in anticipation of making a profit when prices fall.
  • intransitive v. To short-circuit.
  • idiom for short As an abbreviation: He's called Ed for short.
  • idiom in short In summary; briefly.
  • idiom short for An abbreviation of: Ed is short for Edward.
  • idiom short of Having an inadequate supply of: We're short of cash.
  • idiom short of Less than: Nothing short of her best effort was required to make the team.
  • idiom short of Other than; without resorting to: Short of yelling at him, I had no other way to catch his attention.
  • idiom short of Not quite willing to undertake or do; just this side of: She stopped short of throwing out the old photo.
  • idiom the short end of the stick The worst side of an unequal deal.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Having a small distance from one end or edge to another, either horizontally or vertically.
  • adj. Of comparatively little height.
  • adj. Having little duration; opposite of long.
  • adj. Of a word or phrase, constituting an abbreviation (for another) or shortened form (of another).
  • adj. that bounced relatively far from the batsman
  • adj. relatively close to the batsman
  • adj. brittle (of pastry); see also shortening, shortcrust
  • adj. missing, deficient
  • adj. Any financial investment position that is structured to be profitable if the price of the underlying security declines in the future.
  • adv. abruptly
  • adv. unawares
  • adv. briefly
  • adv. curtly
  • adv. without achieving a goal or requirement
  • adv. of a cricket ball, to bounce relatively far from the batsman so that it bounces higher than normal; opposite of full
  • adv. With a negative ownership position.
  • n. A short circuit.
  • n. A short film.
  • n. Used to indicate a short-length version of a size
  • n. shortstop
  • n. A short seller
  • n. A short sale
  • v. To cause a short circuit in (something).
  • v. Of an electrical circuit, to short circuit.
  • v. To shortchange.
  • v. To provide with a smaller than agreed or labeled amount.
  • v. To sell something, especially securities, that one does not own at the moment for delivery at a later date in hopes of profiting from a decline in the price; to sell short.
  • prep. Deficient in.
  • prep. Having a negative position in.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Not long; having brief length or linear extension
  • adj. Not extended in time; having very limited duration; not protracted.
  • adj. Limited in quantity; inadequate; insufficient; scanty.
  • adj. Insufficiently provided; inadequately supplied; scantily furnished; lacking; not coming up to a resonable, or the ordinary, standard; -- usually with of.
  • adj. Deficient; defective; imperfect; not coming up, as to a measure or standard.
  • adj. Not distant in time; near at hand.
  • adj. Limited in intellectual power or grasp; not comprehensive; narrow; not tenacious, as memory.
  • adj. Less important, efficaceous, or powerful; not equal or equivalent; less (than); -- with of.
  • adj. Abrupt; brief; pointed; petulant.
  • adj. Breaking or crumbling readily in the mouth; crisp.
  • adj. Brittle.
  • adj. Engaging or engaged to deliver what is not possessed
  • adj. Not prolonged, or relatively less prolonged, in utterance; -- opposed to long, and applied to vowels or to syllables. In English, the long and short of the same letter are not, in most cases, the long and short of the same sound; thus, the i in ill is the short sound, not of i in isle, but of ee in eel, and the e in pet is the short sound of a in pate, etc. See Quantity, and Guide to Pronunciation, §§22, 30.
  • adv. In a short manner; briefly; limitedly; abruptly; quickly
  • n. A summary account.
  • n. The part of milled grain sifted out which is next finer than the bran.
  • n. Short, inferior hemp.
  • n. Breeches; shortclothes.
  • n. A short sound, syllable, or vowel.
  • intransitive v. To fail; to decrease.
  • transitive v. To shorten.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Not long; having little length or linear extension: as, a short distance; a short flight; a short stick or string.
  • Not tall; low in stature.
  • Not long in time; of brief duration.
  • Not up to a required standard or amount; not reaching a certain point; lacking; scant; insufficient; deficient: as, a short supply of provisions; short allowance of money; short weight or measure.
  • In this sense much used predicatively, followed by of, in comparative statements.
  • Less than; inferior to: as, his escape was little short of a miracle.
  • Inadequate to; incommensurate to.
  • On the hither side of; not up with or even with; not having reached or attained: as, you are short of the mark.
  • Deficient in wisdom or discretion; defective; at fault; in error.
  • Insufficiently provided or supplied (with); scantily furnished (with); not possessed of the required or usual quantity or amount (of): often with of: as, we have not received our allowance, we are still short; to be short of funds, materials, or tools.
  • In exchange transactions:
  • Noting something that has been sold short (see under short, adverb); not in hand or possession when contract to deliver is made: as, short stocks.
  • Noting transactions in values not possessed at the time of contract, but to be procured before the time of delivery: as, short sales.
  • Not possessed of a sufficiency to meet one's engagements: with of: as, to be short of X preferred.
  • Of or pertaining to those who have sold short: as, the short interest in the market (that is, the “bears,” or those persons who have sold short, and whose interest it is to depress prices).
  • Not far in the future: not distant in time; near at hand.
  • Limited in power or grasp; not far-reaching or comprehensive; not tenacious or retentive: said of mental faculties: as, a short memory.
  • Brief; not lengthy; concise.
  • Said of a speaker or writer.
  • Curt; brief; abrupt; sharp; petulant; crusty; uncivil: as, a short answer.
  • In archery, not shot far enough to reach the mark.
  • Brittle; friable; breaking or crumbling readily; inclined to flake off; defective in point of coherence or adherence: as, pastry is made short with butter or lard; iron is made cold-short by phosphorus, and hot-short by sulphur; the presence of coal-cinders makes mortar short.
  • Not prolonged in utterance; less in duration than times or sounds called long: said of times, vowels, and syllables.
  • In Eng. orthoëpy, noting the pronunciation of the vowels a, e, i, o, u exemplified in the words fat, met, sit, not, nut. See long, adjective, 5 .
  • Unmixed with water; undiluted; neat, as spirits; hence, strong: as, something short (a glass of spirits as distinguished from beer or other mild beverage).
  • Small (and hence portable).
  • The petticoats or the whole dress of young children who have left off the long clothes of early infancy.
  • plural The right or left hypochondrium; the hypochondriac region, where the short or floating ribs are.
  • On the stock-exchange, to sell largely, expecting to buy later as many shares as may have been previously sold.
  • n. A summary account: as, the short of the matter: see the long and the short, under long.
  • n. In prosody, a short time or syllable. See long, n., 2.
  • n. Whatever is deficient in number, quantity, or the like.
  • n. plural The bran and coarse part of meal, in mixture.
  • n. plural In rope-making, the toppings and tailings of hemp, which are dressed for bolt-ropes and whale-lines; also, hemp inferior to that used in making staple ropes.
  • n. plural Small-clothes; knee-breeches: a term introduced when but few persons still wore this dress, trousers being more common.
  • n. plural In printing, the copies that have been or should be reprinted to make full a deficient edition.
  • n. In exchange dealings:
  • n. A short sale: as, to cover one's shorts.
  • n. One who has made short sales, or has sold short. See to sell short, below.
  • n. In base-ball, same as short-stop.
  • In a short manner, in any sense; briefly or curtly; not at length; insufficiently; friably.
  • To become short; shorten.
  • Nautical, to take in the slack; haul in.
  • To make short; shorten.
  • To make the time appear short to; amuse; divert: used reflexively.
  • n. In electricity, a short circuit.
  • To short-circuit an electrical machine, line, or system of conductors.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. of speech sounds or syllables of relatively short duration
  • n. the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed between second and third base
  • adj. tending to crumble or break into flakes due to a large amount of shortening
  • v. create a short circuit in
  • adv. in a curt, abrupt and discourteous manner
  • n. accidental contact between two points in an electric circuit that have a potential difference
  • n. the location on a baseball field where the shortstop is stationed
  • adj. not sufficient to meet a need
  • adv. without possessing something at the time it is contractually sold
  • adv. at a disadvantage
  • v. cheat someone by not returning him enough money
  • adv. quickly and without warning
  • adj. low in stature; not tall
  • adj. not holding securities or commodities that one sells in expectation of a fall in prices
  • adj. marked by rude or peremptory shortness
  • adj. less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so
  • adj. lacking foresight or scope
  • adj. primarily temporal sense; indicating or being or seeming to be limited in duration
  • adj. (primarily spatial sense) having little length or lacking in length
  • adj. (of memory) deficient in retentiveness or range
  • adv. at some point or distance before a goal is reached
  • adv. so as to interrupt
  • adv. clean across

Etymologies

Middle English, from Old English sceort, scort; see sker-1 in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English short, schort, from Old English sċeort, scort ("short"), from Proto-Germanic *skurtaz (“short”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)k(ʷ)Art-, *(s)k(ʷ)Ard- (“short”). Cognate with Scots short, schort ("short"), Old High German scurz (Middle High German schurz, "short"), Old Norse skorta (Danish skorte, "to lack"), Albanian shkurt ("short, brief"), Latin curtus ("shortened, incomplete"). More at shirt. (Wiktionary)

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