American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Of or relating to the palate.
- adj. Linguistics Produced with the front of the tongue near or against the hard palate, as the (y) in English young.
- adj. Linguistics Produced with the blade of the tongue near the hard palate, as the (ch) in English chin.
- adj. Linguistics Produced with the front of the tongue in a forward position. Used of a vowel.
- n. Linguistics A palatal sound.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- In anatomy, of or pertaining to the palate; palatine: as, palatal arteries, nerves, muscles; the palatal plate of the maxillary bone. Also palatial.
- Uttered by the aid of the palate, as certain sounds. See II., 2.
- n. A palatine bone or palate-bone proper, one of a pair, right and left, of facial bones entering into the formation of the hard palate. They exhibit the utmost diversity of shape and relative size, hut preserve constant position and relation in the bony framework of the upper jaw, where they are interposed between the supramaxillary bones in front and the pterygoid bones behind, and thus form an integral part of the preoral visceral arch. In their simplest form, the palatals are mere rods or plates extending horizontally from the pterygoids to the maxillaries. Their connection with the latter is closest, most frequently by fixed suture or ankylosis; with the former it is usually freer, often by movable articulation. There are many modifications of these bones in the lower vertebrates, and in the higher the tendency is to shortening, widening, heightening, and complete fixation, with some connections not acquired in lower animals. Such modifications reach a climax in man, where the palatals have a singular shape somewhat like the letter L, and very extensive articulations with no fewer than five other bones—the sphenoid, ethmoid, supramaxillary, maxilloturbinal, vomer—and with each other. The bone here consists of a horizontal part, or palatal plate, which extends mesad and meets its fellow of the opposite side, thus forming the back part of the bony palate, and of a vertical plate which reaches into the orbit of the eye by a part called the orbital process. Each bone thus enters into the formation of the walls of three cavities, of the mouth, nose, and eye; it also assists to form three fossæ, the zygomatic, sphenomaxillary, and pterygoid; it bounds part of the sphenomaxillary fissure, and contributes to closure of the orifice of the antrum of Highmore. The bone furnishes attachment in man to the azygos uvulæ muscle, the tensor palati, the superior constrictor of the pharynx, and both internal and external pterygoid muscles. Notwithstanding its complexity of figure and relations, it is a simple or single bone, developed in membrane from one center of ossification. See cuts under Anura, craniofacial, Crotalus, desmognathous, dromæognathous, Felidæ, palatoquadrate, Physeterinæ, Python, and sphenoid.
- n. A sound usually produced by the upper surface of the tongue against a part of the palate further forward than that at which our kand g are made; but sometimes used of any sound made between the tongue and any part of the hard or soft palate. Thus, the German ch of ich is called palatal, and that of ach guttural; the Sanskrit has palatal sounds distinguished from gutturals; our i and e and y are called palatal, as also the compound ch and j. The term is a loose one, and requires definition as used by any authority.
- Situated on the outer lip, as the teeth at the aperture of a shell.
- adj. anatomy Pertaining to the palate.
- adj. dentistry, not comparable Of an upper tooth, on the side facing the palate.
- adj. phonetics Articulated at the hard palate.
- n. phonetics A palatal consonant.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Of or pertaining to the palate; palatine.
- adj. (Phonetics) Uttered by the aid of the palate; -- said of certain sounds, as the sound of k in kirk.
- n. (Phon.) A sound uttered, or a letter pronounced, by the aid of the palate, as the letters k and y.
- adj. relating to or lying near the palate
- adj. produced with the front of the tongue near or touching the hard palate (as `y') or with the blade of the tongue near the hard palate (as `ch' in `chin' or `j' in `gin')
- n. a semivowel produced with the tongue near the palate (like the initial sound in the English word `yeast')
- From palate + -al. (Wiktionary)
“In a normal mouse embryo, groups of cells called the palatal shelf on either side of the mouth grow outward, elevate to meet in the middle and fuse to form the palate.”
“So the following will proceed by just assuming that the "non-palatal stop" series are uvulars which are aligned with *h₂, and that the "palatal" series (*ḱ, *ǵ, *ǵʰ) is the unmarked "plain stop" series (*k, *g and *gh).”
“I will go out on a limb and bet that the few words that are reconstructed with these sequences of *ke or *ek are falsely reconstructed, either because they are based on false evidence, because the proof points rather to its "palatal" counterpart, or because the vowel in question should be long n.b. that long vowels resist colouring normally caused by neighbouring *h₂.”
“We also evaluate and treat children with palatal dysfunction problems that cause speech and communication problems.”
“As a recap, I had come to a couple of major revelations on PIE that diverge from the "mainstream" but problematic view:One: The unlikely phonological system can finally be rationalized by turning palatal stops to plain ones and plain stops to uvular ones while shifting phonation to a contrast between creaky and plain voice rather than plain versus breathy.”
“Treating patients as young as 7 or 8 years old with a " palatal expander " widens the upper jaw, so the upper teeth line up better with the lower teeth.”
“An orthodontist told her Will had an underbite and should get a palatal expander; he would need braces again at around 13, for a total cost of about $3,000.”
“In Serbian Latin alphabet there are two digraphs – lj and nj they represent the palatal lateral aproximant and palatal nasal, respectively, and they are both written in the same box in crosswords.”
“After this it turns for the worse, much worse, as he bravely suggests that the Etruscan letters corresponding so clearly to the Greek aspirated stops, are a series of palatal consonants!”
“Try imagining a situation where a para-IE dialect *beside* Mid IE the direct ancestor of PIE c.5500 BCE, let's say diverges already before PIE proper develops and it has become influenced by northerly Proto-Uralic to form palatal affricates.”
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Words that have only one of the vowels. On this list I include only words with at least three vowels. When I first started the list, if a word had several forms, I generally listed only the one wit...
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