from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Of or relating to the palate.
- adj. Linguistics Produced with the front of the tongue near or against the hard palate, as the (y) in English young.
- adj. Linguistics Produced with the blade of the tongue near the hard palate, as the (ch) in English chin.
- adj. Linguistics Produced with the front of the tongue in a forward position. Used of a vowel.
- n. Linguistics A palatal sound.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Pertaining to the palate.
- adj. Of an upper tooth, on the side facing the palate.
- adj. Articulated at the hard palate.
- n. A palatal consonant.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Of or pertaining to the palate; palatine.
- adj. Uttered by the aid of the palate; -- said of certain sounds, as the sound of k in kirk.
- n. A sound uttered, or a letter pronounced, by the aid of the palate, as the letters k and y.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- In anatomy, of or pertaining to the palate; palatine: as, palatal arteries, nerves, muscles; the palatal plate of the maxillary bone. Also palatial.
- Uttered by the aid of the palate, as certain sounds. See II., 2.
- n. A palatine bone or palate-bone proper, one of a pair, right and left, of facial bones entering into the formation of the hard palate.
- n. A sound usually produced by the upper surface of the tongue against a part of the palate further forward than that at which our kand g are made; but sometimes used of any sound made between the tongue and any part of the hard or soft palate.
- Situated on the outer lip, as the teeth at the aperture of a shell.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. relating to or lying near the palate
- adj. produced with the front of the tongue near or touching the hard palate (as `y') or with the blade of the tongue near the hard palate (as `ch' in `chin' or `j' in `gin')
- n. a semivowel produced with the tongue near the palate (like the initial sound in the English word `yeast')
In a normal mouse embryo, groups of cells called the palatal shelf on either side of the mouth grow outward, elevate to meet in the middle and fuse to form the palate.
So the following will proceed by just assuming that the "non-palatal stop" series are uvulars which are aligned with *h₂, and that the "palatal" series (*ḱ, *ǵ, *ǵʰ) is the unmarked "plain stop" series (*k, *g and *gh).
I will go out on a limb and bet that the few words that are reconstructed with these sequences of *ke or *ek are falsely reconstructed, either because they are based on false evidence, because the proof points rather to its "palatal" counterpart, or because the vowel in question should be long n.b. that long vowels resist colouring normally caused by neighbouring *h₂.
We also evaluate and treat children with palatal dysfunction problems that cause speech and communication problems.
As a recap, I had come to a couple of major revelations on PIE that diverge from the "mainstream" but problematic view:One: The unlikely phonological system can finally be rationalized by turning palatal stops to plain ones and plain stops to uvular ones while shifting phonation to a contrast between creaky and plain voice rather than plain versus breathy.
Treating patients as young as 7 or 8 years old with a " palatal expander " widens the upper jaw, so the upper teeth line up better with the lower teeth.
An orthodontist told her Will had an underbite and should get a palatal expander; he would need braces again at around 13, for a total cost of about $3,000.
In Serbian Latin alphabet there are two digraphs – lj and nj they represent the palatal lateral aproximant and palatal nasal, respectively, and they are both written in the same box in crosswords.
After this it turns for the worse, much worse, as he bravely suggests that the Etruscan letters corresponding so clearly to the Greek aspirated stops, are a series of palatal consonants!
Try imagining a situation where a para-IE dialect *beside* Mid IE the direct ancestor of PIE c.5500 BCE, let's say diverges already before PIE proper develops and it has become influenced by northerly Proto-Uralic to form palatal affricates.
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