from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Of or relating to a velum.
- adj. Concerning or using the soft palate.
- adj. Articulated with the back of the tongue touching or near the soft palate, as (g) in good and (k) in king.
- n. A velar consonant.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Articulated at the velum or soft palate.
- adj. Referring to a veil.
- n. a sound articulated at the soft palate
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Of or pertaining to a velum; esp. (Anat.) of or pertaining to the soft palate.
- adj. Having the place of articulation on the soft palate; guttural.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Of or pertaining to a veil or velum; forming or formed into a velum; specifically, in philology, noting certain sounds, as those represented by the letters gw, kw, qu, produced by the aid of the veil of the palate, or soft palate.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. of or relating to the velum
- n. a consonant produced with the back of the tongue touching or near the soft palate
- adj. produced with the back of the tongue touching or near the soft palate (as `k' in `cat' and `g' in `gun' and `ng' in `sing')
One of these major issues with the sound system involves the so-called velar stops, that is, the reconstructed sounds *ḱ, *k, *ǵ, *g, *ǵʰ and *gʰ.
The S is substituted there with an English H or the velar fricative that in Spanish is nowadays a J in many occasions.
But a Spanish J is not the equivalent of a Y, it is a velar fricative.
No one was quite sure where it had come from, but it had travelled with the K, they were the two voiceless velar Semitic consonants, they went back to the desert, to caph and koph.
I think that we all deserve pats on the back for retaining the spelling knight after losing the silent velar fricative that once started the word, and for successfully mastering learning the various sound sequences that that master of disguise ough can hide (bough, trough, plough, through, tough, etc.).
Here, the replacement of word-medial -h- with a velar stop is what we'd expect of Aegean languages which bar this sound in these positions.
Drifting down the river in silence, the lovers indulge, by velar and glottal tension as well as ethical laxity, in a "grave untiring gaze" of reciprocated desire that seems released from the phonemic chiasm of "solitude" and
As if this isn't enough, even though his revisal of the phonology is fundamentally flawed with the basic data available to us, he goes on to add that chi is not a palatalized velar as his proposed pattern would suggest, but a velar fricative /x/.
Nothing tangible at all in the classical linguistic corpus suggests to us that chi is even occasionally a fricative in the Etruscan language, although I've spoken about the probability that velar fricatives existed word-internally in a more ancient stage of Pre-Etruscan some time ago see Paleoglot: The loss of mediofinal 'h' in Pre-Proto-Etruscan.
Frisian has an almost complete set of guttural/velar, dental/alveolar, labial/labiodental consonants voiced and unvoiced plosives, voiced and unvoiced fricatives, nasals and half-vocals, an s, sh, r and l.
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