American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Of, relating to, located in, or coming from the pharynx.
- n. A speech sound produced in the pharynx.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Of or pertaining to the pharynx; entering into the structure of the pharynx: as, a pharyngeal artery, vein, nerve, muscle, gland, etc.
- Having a pharynx; specifically, of or pertaining to the Pharyngea: as, a pharyngeal planarian.
- Having ankylosed pharyngeal bones, as a fish; pharyngognathous.
- Superior. Same as pterygopalatine artery (which see, under pterygopalatine).
- The pharyngeal bones when they have a jaw-like form or function.
- A plexus of veins on the outer surface of the pharynx.
- n. A structure which enters into the composition of the pharynx: as, the ascending pharyngeal, a branch of the external carotid artery, given off at or near the origin of the latter; the ankylosed pharyngeals (bones) of some fishes.
- adj. Of or pertaining to the pharynx.
- adj. phonetics Articulated with the pharynx, a term usually describing a consonant which is articulated by the rear area of the tongue being raised to below the region between the uvula and the pharyngeal wall. The term cannot apply to a plosive or stop consonant.
- n. phonetics A sound that is articulated with the pharynx.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the pharynx; in the region of the pharynx.
- n. (Anat.) A pharyngeal bone or cartilage; especially, one of the
lower pharyngeals, which belong to the rudimentary fifth branchial arch in many fishes, or one of the upper pharyngeals, or pharyngobranchials, which are the dorsal elements in the complete branchial arches.
- n. a consonant articulated in the back of the mouth or throat
- adj. of or relating to the throat
- From New Latin pharyngeus, from pharynx, pharyng-, pharynx; see pharynx. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“To those who are versed in ichthyology, these are known as pharyngeal teeth, because they are connected with the pharynx.”
“On the posterior wall is a prominence, best marked in childhood, produced by a mass of lymphoid tissue, which is known as the pharyngeal tonsil.”
“Above the pharyngeal tonsil, in the middle line, an irregular flask-shaped depression of the mucous membrane sometimes extends up as far as the basilar process of the occipital bone; it is known as the pharyngeal bursa.”
“These folds, now called pharyngeal arches, later develop into the outer and middle ear as well as the nerves, and glands of the neck.”
“After all, excess weight can be associated withabnormal fat deposits on various structures of the vocal tract including the uvula, soft palate, lateral and posterior walls of the pharyngeal walls, and the posterior region of the tongue.”
“•Associated with a fivefold increase in risk of oral, pharyngeal and esophageal cancers in people who have four or more drinks per day.”
“•Raises the risk of oral and pharyngeal cancer by 20% and risk of breast cancer by 8% among people who have one or fewer drinks a day.”
“The fact that this was seen for oral and pharyngeal cancers, but not laryngeal cancers, provides some evidence as to a possible specificity of effect," said Johanna Lampe of the division of public health sciences at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle.”
“For example, the notochord is a character that provides internal structural support and unites all members of the phylum Chordata or chordates, animals with notochords and pharyngeal arches, among other characteristics.”
“On a fundamental level, Haeckel was correct: All vertebrates develop a similar body plan consisting of notochord, body segments, pharyngeal pouches, and so forth.”
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