American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Bent, curved, or turned backward.
- adj. Pronounced with the tip of the tongue turned back against the roof of the mouth.
- n. A sound pronounced with the tongue in retroflex position, as the sound (r) in some varieties of English.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- adj. Bent or curved backwards.
- adj. phonetics : Of pronunciation in which the tip of the tongue is raised and bent backwards, so that the underside of the tongue is behind the alveolar ridge or touches the palate.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Reflexed; bent or turned abruptly backward.
- adj. bent or curved backward
- adj. pronounced with the tip of the tongue turned back toward the hard palate
- v. articulate (a consonant) with the tongue curled back against the palate
- v. bend or turn backward
- From Latin rētrōflexus, the perfect participle of rētrōflectō ("bend, turn"), from flectō ("bend, turn"). (Wiktionary)
- Latin *retrōflexus, past participle of retrōflectere, to bend back : retrō, retro- + flectere, to bend. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The next seven consonants are 'retroflex': the tongue curls back to the palate (front part of the roof of the mouth), making a hard sound ṭh aspirated version of the above as in 'dry', but harder”
“Like alveolar consonants replaced by retroflex consonants e.g walked - walk.”
“The retroflex [r] and the clear [l] sound the same to the Japonese; i.e. rice and lice -- Yew!”
“The phonetic character of the /r/ is retroflex, i.e. the tip of the tongue is curled back towards the palate.”
“Also, I think that the retroflex quality is not the primary feature in rhoticity.”
“It might have been a trilled sound as in modern Scots, but from the descriptions at the time I think it's more likely to have been a retroflex one - that is, one where the tip of the tongue is curled back, as in a lot of American and West Country speech.”
“One is the refusal to use the IPA -- to the point that sometimes different transcriptions are used for different languages, so that an underdot can mean an ejective, a retroflex, a pharyngealized consonant and who knows what else.”
“They are not just meant to retroflex your knees, extend your legs, and make you callipygous.”
“The best American representation of Mandarin's retroflex zh, ch, sh would be jr, chr, shr.”
“I just wrote a paragraph in my term paper, regarding "interesting" observations concerning the interchangeable usage of the voiced alveolar trill and the voiced retroflex approximant in Yapese.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘retroflex’.
A list of terms containing the string -retro-.
Please feel free to help me populate this list!
A list of words that are odd or words that I have looked up.
denoting backward or reciprocal action; denoting location behind
found words, that haven't found their proper place yet.
Looking for tweets for retroflex.