from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Directed or facing toward the back or rear.
- adj. Done or arranged in a manner or order that is opposite to previous occurrence or normal use.
- adj. Unwilling to act; reluctant; shy.
- adj. Behind others in progress or development: The technology was backward, but the system worked.
- adv. To or toward the back or rear.
- adv. With the back leading.
- adv. In a reverse manner or order.
- adv. To, toward, or into the past.
- adv. Toward a worse or less advanced condition.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Pertaining to the direction towards the back.
- adj. Pertaining to the direction reverse of normal.
- adj. Reluctant or unable to advance.
- adj. Of a culture considered undeveloped or unsophisticated.
- adj. Pertaining to a thought or value that is considered outdated.
- adj. On that part of the field behind the batsman's popping crease.
- adj. Further behind the batsman's popping crease than something else.
- adv. In the direction towards the back; backwards
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adv. With the back in advance or foremost.
- adv. Toward the back; toward the rear.
- adv. On the back, or with the back downward.
- adv. Toward, or in, past time or events; ago.
- adv. By way of reflection; reflexively.
- adv. From a better to a worse state, as from honor to shame, from religion to sin.
- adv. In a contrary or reverse manner, way, or direction; contrarily.
- adj. Directed to the back or rear.
- adj. Unwilling; averse; reluctant; hesitating; loath.
- adj. Not well advanced in learning; not quick of apprehension; dull; inapt.
- adj. Late or behindhand.
- adj. Not advanced in civilization; undeveloped.
- adj. Already past or gone; bygone.
- n. The state behind or past.
- transitive v. To keep back; to hinder.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- In the direction of the back: as, to throw the arms backward.
- With the back first in the direction of motion: as, to walk backward; to fall backward.
- In the direction from which one has come; toward that which is or has been left behind: as, he glanced backward.
- Toward bygone times or events; toward that which is past in time: as, to look backward to the last century.
- In or by reflection; reflexively.
- In time past; ago.
- In an opposite or contrary direction.
- In an opposite or reverse order; from the end toward the beginning; in an order contrary to the natural order: as, to read or spell backward; hence, perversely; in a wrong or perverse manner.
- From a better to a worse state; retrogressively.
- Directed to the back or rear: as, “a backward look,”
- Reversed; returning; directed to or toward the original starting-point: as, a backward movement or journey.
- Done in reverse order; done in an order contrary to the natural order, as in repeating a sentence from the end to the beginning.
- Being in, or placed at, the back.
- Slow; sluggish; unprogressive; unadvanced; behind in progress: as, a backward learner.
- Late; behind in time; coming after something else, or after the usual time: as, backward fruits; the season is backward.
- Holding back; averse; reluctant; hesitating.
- Timid; bashful; retiring in disposition; modest.
- Reaching back into the past; already past.
- n. The things or state behind or past.
- To obstruct; keep back; retard; delay.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. (used of temperament or behavior) marked by a retiring nature
- adj. retarded in intellectual development
- adv. in a manner or order or direction the reverse of normal
- adj. having made less than normal progress
- adv. at or to or toward the back or rear
- adv. in or to or toward a past time
- adj. directed or facing toward the back or rear
From Old English abakward (from on bæc + -weard). back + -ward (Wiktionary)