American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Moving or tending backward.
- adj. Opposite to the usual order; inverted or reversed.
- adj. Reverting to an earlier or inferior condition.
- adj. Astronomy Of or relating to the orbital revolution or axial rotation of a planetary or other celestial body that moves clockwise from east to west, in the direction opposite to most celestial bodies.
- adj. Astronomy Of or relating to the brief, regularly occurring, apparently backward movement of a planetary body in its orbit as viewed against the fixed stars, caused by the differing orbital velocities of Earth and the body observed.
- adj. Archaic Opposed; contrary.
- v. To move or seem to move backward. See Synonyms at recede1.
- v. To decline to an inferior state; degenerate.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To go backward; move backward.
- To fall back or away; lose ground; decline; deteriorate; degenerate.
- In astronomy, to move westward relatively to the fixed stars.
- In biology, to undergo retrogression, as a plant or an animal; be retrograde or retrogressive; develop a less from a more complex organization; degenerate.
- To cause to go backward; turn back.
- Moving backward; having a backward motion or direction; retreating.
- Specifically, in astronomy, moving backward and contrary to the order of the signs relatively to the fixed stars: opposed to direct. The epithet does not apply to the diurnal motion, since this is not relative to the fixed stars.
- In biology, characterized by or exhibiting degeneration or deterioration, as an organism or any of its parts which passes or has passed from a higher or more complex to a lower or simpler structure or composition; noting such change of organization: as, retrograde metamorphosis or development; a retrograde theory.
- In zoology, habitually walking or swimming backward, as many animals: correlated with laterigrade, gravigrade, saltigrade, etc.
- In botany: Going backward in the order of specialization, from a more to a less highly developed form: referring either to reversions of type or to individual monsters.
- Formerly used of hairs, in the sense of retrorse.
- Losing ground; deteriorating; declining in strength or excellence.
- Contrary; opposed; opposite.
- Change of tissue or substance from the more complex to the simpler composition; catabolism. See metamorphosis.
- n. In billiards, the pull-back, draw, or recoil.
- adj. Directed backwards, retreating; reverting especially inferior state, declining; inverse, reverse; movement opposite to normal or intended motion, often circular motion.
- adj. Counterproductive to a desired outcome.
- adj. astronomy In the opposite direction to the orbited body's spin.
- n. A degenerate person.
- n. music The reversal of a melody so that what is played first in the original melody is played last and what is played last in the original melody is played first.
- v. intransitive To move backwards; to recede; to retire; to decline; to revert.
- v. intransitive, astronomy To show retrogradation.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. (Astron.) Apparently moving backward, and contrary to the succession of the signs, that is, from east to west, as a planet.
- adj. Tending or moving backward; having a backward course; contrary; ; -- opposed to
- adj. Declining from a better to a worse state
- v. To go in a retrograde direction; to move, or appear to move, backward, as a planet.
- v. Hence, to decline from a better to a worse condition, as in morals or intelligence.
- v. get worse or fall back to a previous condition
- v. go back over
- v. move in a direction contrary to the usual one
- v. move back
- adj. moving or directed or tending in a backward direction or contrary to a previous direction
- adj. moving from east to west on the celestial sphere; or--for planets--around the sun in a direction opposite to that of the Earth
- adj. of amnesia; affecting time immediately preceding trauma
- adj. going from better to worse
- v. move backward in an orbit, of celestial bodies
- From Latin retrōgradior or Late Latin retrogredere (retro- ("back") + gradi ("walk")). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Latin retrōgradus, from retrōgradī, to go back : retrō-, retro- + -gradus, walking (from gradī, to go; see ghredh- in Indo-European roots). (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The term retrograde here is used in a purely theoretical sense, and cannot be held to imply any actual degradation.”
“When the Conservatives first came to office in 2006, then information commissioner John Reid sounded the alarm bells at what he called retrograde steps towards secrecy -- and was promptly run out of town.”
“(Like I would know what that meant, but my brother always says something about Mercury in retrograde or something when I feel over-sad.)”
“Sagittarius: Pluto retrograde is still making up down and down up.”
“This is called retrograde motion; the direction in which the Earth turns is called prograde.”
“Everyone is constantly telling you how hard it is, how you're never going to get a second book published unless about 367 things go just exactly the right way on the third Thursday of the seventh month when Venus is in retrograde and a brindle armadillo crosses”
“Saturday, 18 March, 2006 at 21: 25 mercury is in retrograde till the 25th. .anything mechanical or to do with communications does and will break down during this time …. just be patient …. eg.”
“I wonder what happens if you buy a Mercury while Mercury is in retrograde ...”
“You miss appointments, your computer equipment crashes, checks get lost, you find the car you just purchased during Mercury retrograde is a lemon.”
“Mercury's bought when Mercury is in retrograde find themselves stuck in reverse.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘retrograde’.
A complete Barron's Wordlist for GRE preparation. Your online flashcard replacement.
you name the setting
I've tuned mine to be gentler and kinder
following suit is not mandatory but would be appreciated
A list of terms containing the string -retro-.
Please feel free to help me populate this list!
But only the ones that I don't already know.
denoting backward or reciprocal action; denoting location behind
But only the ones that I don't already know.
List of most of the words I've learned
This is a mix of new words I've read studying for the GRE verbal and words I use normally. I also check back on these words if I don't use them often enough.
Concise words to sprinkle in my prose.
Those I've come across and try to keep fresh within my mind.
Looking for tweets for retrograde.