American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- v. To make short or shorter.
- v. Nautical To take in (a sail) so that less canvas is exposed to the wind, thereby reducing speed.
- v. To reduce in force, efficacy, or intensity.
- v. To add shortening to (dough) so as to make flaky.
- v. To become short or shorter.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To become short or shorter; contract; diminish in length: as, ropes shorten when wet.
- To make anything short: used with in in the nautical phrase to shorten in on the cable, to heave in short or shorter.
- To come short; fail.
- To make short or shorter; abridge; curtail: as, to shorten hours of work; to shorten the skirt of a dress.
- To make appear short: as, pleasant companionship shortens a journey; a concave mirror shortens the face.
- Figuratively, to make inefficient or incapable. Compare short-armed.
- To take in; contract; lessen in extent or amount: as, to shorten sail; to shorten an allowance.
- To check; confine; restrain.
- To deprive.
- To cause to come short or fail.
- To make short or friable, as pastry with butter or lard.
- To pronounce or measure as short: as, to shorten a vowel or syllable.
GNU Webster's 1913
- v. To make short or shorter in measure, extent, or time
- v. To reduce or diminish in amount, quantity, or extent; to lessen; to abridge; to curtail; to contract
- v. To make deficient (as to); to deprive; -- with
- v. To make short or friable, as pastry, with butter, lard, pot liquor, or the like.
- v. To become short or shorter
- v. make short or shorter
- v. make shorter than originally intended; reduce or retrench in length or duration
- v. reduce in scope while retaining essential elements
- v. become short or shorter
- v. edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate
- short + -en (Wiktionary)
“delightful tale, though I have trouble pronouncing the names and I like that the title shorten to Miss Blah, which defines beauty pageants for me, a very enjoyable read”
“In Cambodia they like to shorten the English words ... so a motorcycle is called a moto.”
“21: 56 @Djalfy I don't remember if the Twitter homepage does the auto-shorten thing ... the url shorten is useful though.”
“Does your business name shorten into an undesired acronym?”
“This will "shorten" the rod by as much as 18 inches.”
“Mournest thy vanish'd joys in MYSTES 'shorten'd days.”
“REPORT: Toyota may 'shorten' gas pedals to fix unintended acceleration issue”
“Wow, that's even better," Mike responded, "but could you sort by employee last name shorten the job title field to 30 characters max?”
“The hotel had added extra staff at the desk, she noticed, to shorten the wait.”
“The drug was given a shorten review and the decision came ahead of its June 20 regulatory goal date.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘shorten’.
Verbs constructed with the -en suffix.
Looking for tweets for shorten.