Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The casting and registering of votes in an election.
  • n. The number of votes cast or recorded.
  • n. The place where votes are cast and registered. Often used in the plural with the.
  • n. A survey of the public or of a sample of public opinion to acquire information.
  • n. The head, especially the top of the head where hair grows.
  • n. The blunt or broad end of a tool such as a hammer or ax.
  • transitive v. To receive (a given number of votes).
  • transitive v. To receive or record the votes of: polling a jury.
  • transitive v. To cast (a vote or ballot).
  • transitive v. To question in a survey; canvass.
  • transitive v. To cut off or trim (hair, horns, or wool, for example); clip.
  • transitive v. To trim or cut off the hair, wool, branches, or horns of: polled the sheep; polled the trees.
  • intransitive v. To vote at the polls in an election.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. An election or a survey of a particular group of people.
  • n. A place where voters cast ballots.
  • n. Hair
  • n. The head, especially its top part.
  • v. To take, record the votes of (an electorate).
  • v. To solicit mock votes from (a person or group).
  • v. To vote at an election.
  • v. To cut the hair of (a creature).
  • v. To remove the horns of (an animal).
  • v. To (repeatedly) request the status of something (such as a computer or printer on a network).
  • v. To be judged in a poll.
  • adj. Bred without horns, and thus hornless.
  • n. A pet parrot.
  • n. One who does not try for honors at university, but is content to take a degree merely; a passman.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A parrot; -- familiarly so called.
  • n. One who does not try for honors, but is content to take a degree merely; a passman.
  • n. The head; the back part of the head.
  • n. A number or aggregate of heads; a list or register of heads or individuals.
  • n. Specifically, the register of the names of electors who may vote in an election.
  • n. The casting or recording of the votes of registered electors.
  • n. The place where the votes are cast or recorded.
  • n. The broad end of a hammer; the but of an ax.
  • n. The European chub. See Pollard, 3 (a).
  • intransitive v. To vote at an election.
  • transitive v. To remove the poll or head of; hence, to remove the top or end of; to clip; to lop; to shear
  • transitive v. To cut off; to remove by clipping, shearing, etc.; to mow or crop; -- sometimes with off
  • transitive v. To extort from; to plunder; to strip.
  • transitive v. To impose a tax upon.
  • transitive v. To pay as one's personal tax.
  • transitive v. To enter, as polls or persons, in a list or register; to enroll, esp. for purposes of taxation; to enumerate one by one.
  • transitive v. To register or deposit, as a vote; to elicit or call forth, as votes or voters.
  • transitive v. To cut or shave smooth or even; to cut in a straight line without indentation. See Dee� poll.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To remove the top or head of; hence, to cut off the tops of; lop; clip; also, to cut off the hair of; also, to cut, as hair; shear; cut closely; mow; also, to remove the horns of, as cattle: as, to poll tares, hair, wool, or grass.
  • In law, to cut even without indenting, as a deed executed by one party. See deed poll, under deed.
  • To rob; plunder; despoil, as by excessive taxation.
  • To enumerate one by one; enroll in a list or register, as for the purpose of levying a polltax.
  • To pay, as a personal tax.
  • To canvass or ascertain the opinion of.
  • To receive at the polls: as, A polled only 50 votes; also, to cast at the polls: as, a large vote was polled.
  • To vote at the polls; bring to the polls.
  • To vote at a poll; record a vote, as an elector.
  • n. The head, or the rounded back part of the head, of a person; also, by extension, the head of an animal.
  • n. Hence A person, an individual enumerated in a list.
  • n. An enumeration or register of heads or persons, as for the imposition of a poll-tax, or the list or roll of those who have voted at an election.
  • n. The voting or registering of votes at an election, or the place where the votes are taken: in the United States used chiefly in the plural: as, to go to the poll; the polls will close at four.
  • n. A poll-tax.
  • n. The broad end or butt of a hammer.
  • n. The chub or cheven, Leuciscus cephalus. Also called pollard.
  • n. A parrot: also called poll-parrot and polly.
  • n. A student at Cambridge University in England who merely takes a degree, but receives no honors; one who is not a candidate for honors.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. convert into a pollard
  • n. the top of the head
  • n. a tame parrot
  • n. the counting of votes (as in an election)
  • v. get the opinions (of people) by asking specific questions
  • v. get the votes of
  • n. the part of the head between the ears
  • v. vote in an election at a polling station
  • n. an inquiry into public opinion conducted by interviewing a random sample of people

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English pol, head, from Middle Low German or Middle Dutch.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English pol, polle ("head, hair of the head, list"; > Anglo-Norman poll ("list")), from Middle Low German pol, poll ("head") or Middle Dutch pol, pōle, polle ("head, top"), both from Proto-Germanic *pullaz (“round object, head, top”), from Proto-Indo-European *bolno-, *bōwl- (“orb, round object, bubble”), from Proto-Indo-European *bew- (“to blow, swell”). Akin to Scots pow ("head, crown, skalp, skull"), Eastern Frisian pol ("round, full, brimming"), Low German polle ("head, tree-top, bulb"), Danish puld ("crown of a hat"), Swedish dialectal pull ("head"). Meaning "collection of votes" is first recorded 1625, from notion of "counting heads".

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Perhaps a shortening of Polly, a common name for pet parrots.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Ancient Greek  (polloi, "the many, the masses")

Examples

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