Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A poll tax.
  • n. A payment or fee of a fixed amount per person.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Performing a headcount; the counting of people.
  • n. A poll tax.
  • n. A system of remuneration for providers of health care, in which providers enroll patients as permanent clients and receive a fixed periodic payment for each enrollee.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A numbering of heads or individuals.
  • n. A tax upon each head or person, without reference to property; a poll tax.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Numeration by the head; a numbering of persons, as the inhabitants of a city.
  • n. A tax or imposition upon each head or person; a poll-tax. Also called a capitation-tax.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a tax levied on the basis of a fixed amount per person

Etymologies

Late Latin capitātiō, capitātiōn-, from Latin caput, capit-, head; see kaput- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin capitationem, from caput ("head"). (Wiktionary)

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