Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Having been shortened; abbreviated.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. shortened, having been shortened

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Shortened or reduced; -- said of the distance of a planet from the sun or earth, as measured in the plane of the ecliptic, or the distance from the sun or earth to that point where a perpendicular, let fall from the planet upon the plane of the ecliptic, meets the ecliptic.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Shortened; reduced.

Etymologies

Latin curtātus, past participle of curtāre, to shorten, from curtus, cut short; see curt.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Latin curtatus, past participle of curtare ("to shorten"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • The word "decurtate" - means to cut short but in English lang "curtate" itself means "to cut short" and "de" is a pref. to make the following words as opposite or to make it degrade/declass.

    languagehat.com: BEAT THE JUDGE.

  • But if you mark a point B on the circumference of the flange of a locomotive-wheel, the curve will be a curtate cycloid, as in Fig. 2, terminating in nodes.

    Amusements in Mathematics

  • Dr. Wollaston had made a drawing of the orbit and its elements; but, having left it in town, he described the lines so accurately without naming them, that I remarked at once, "That is the curtate or perihelion distance," which pleased him greatly, as it showed how accurate his description was.

    Personal Recollections, from Early Life to Old Age, of Mary Somerville

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