American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Cessation of work, exertion, or activity.
- n. Peace, ease, or refreshment resulting from sleep or the cessation of an activity.
- n. Sleep or quiet relaxation.
- n. The repose of death: eternal rest.
- n. Relief or freedom from disquiet or disturbance.
- n. Mental or emotional tranquillity.
- n. Termination or absence of motion.
- n. Music An interval of silence corresponding to one of the possible time values within a measure.
- n. Music The mark or symbol indicating such a pause and its length.
- n. A short pause in a line of poetry; a caesura.
- n. A device used as a support: a back rest.
- n. Games See bridge1.
- v. To cease motion, work, or activity.
- v. To lie down, especially to sleep.
- v. To be at peace or ease; be tranquil.
- v. To be, become, or remain temporarily still, quiet, or inactive: Let the issue rest here.
- v. To be supported or based; lie, lean, or sit: The ladder rests firmly against the tree.
- v. To be imposed or vested, as a responsibility or burden: The final decision rests with the chairperson.
- v. To depend or rely: That argument rests on a false assumption.
- v. To be located or be in a specified place: The original manuscript rests in the museum.
- v. To be fixed or directed on something: "His brown eyes rested on her for a moment” ( John le Carré).
- v. To remain; linger.
- v. Law To cease voluntarily the presentation of evidence in a case: The defense rests.
- v. To give rest or repose to: rested my eyes.
- v. To place, lay, or lean for ease, support, or repose.
- v. To base or ground: I rested my conclusion on that fact.
- v. To fix or direct (the gaze, for example).
- v. To bring to rest; halt.
- v. Law To cease voluntarily the introduction of evidence in (a case).
- idiom. at rest Asleep.
- idiom. at rest Dead.
- idiom. at rest Motionless; inactive.
- idiom. at rest Free from anxiety or distress.
- idiom. lay To bury (a dead body); inter.
- idiom. lay To settle (an issue, for example), especially so as to be free of it: The judge's ruling put to rest the dispute between the neighbors.
- n. The part that is left over after something has been removed; remainder.
- n. That or those remaining: The beginning was boring, but the rest was interesting. The rest are arriving later.
- v. To be or continue to be; remain: Rest assured that we will finish on time.
- v. To remain or be left over.
- n. A support for a lance on the side of the breastplate of medieval armor.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Fresh; recent.
- n. A state of quiet or repose; absence or cessation of motion, labor, or action of any kind; release from exertion or action.
- n. Freedom or relief from everything that disquiets, wearies, or disturbs; peace; quiet; security; tranquillity.
- n. Sleep; slumber; hence, the last sleep; death; the grave.
- n. Stay; abode.
- n. That on or in which anything leans or lies for support.
- n. Specifically— A contrivance for steadying the lance when couched for the charge: originally a mere loop or stirrup, usually of leather, perhaps passed over the shoulder, but when the cuirass or breastplate was introduced seemed to a hook or projecting horn of iron riveted to this on the left side. This hook also is called rest. A similar hook was sometimes arranged so far at the side, and so projecting, as to receive the lance itself; but, this form being inconvenient, the projecting hook was arranged with a hinge. In the justs of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries the heavy lance was found to require a counterpoise, and the rest was made double, the hook projecting sidewise and a long tongue or bar projecting backward under the arm with a sort of spiral twist at the end to prevent the butt of the lance from rising, so that the lance was held firmly, and required from the juster only the exertion of directing its point.
- n. A device of any kind for supporting the turning-tool or the work in a lathe.
- n. A support for the barrel of a gun in aiming and firing.
- n. In billiards, a rod having fixed at its point a crosspiece on which to support the cue: used when the cue-ball cannot easily be reached in the usual way. Also called bridge.
- n. A support or guide for stuff fed to a saw.
- n. In glyptics, a support, somewhat resembling a vise in form, attached to the lathe-head, and serving to steady the arm while the edges of graving-tools are being shaped.
- n. In pros., a short pause of the voice in reading; a cesura.
- n. In music: A silence or pause between tones.
- n. In musical notation, a mark or sign denoting such a silence, Rests vary in form to indicate their duration with reference to each other and to the notes with which they occur; and they are named from the notes to which they are equivalent, as follows: breve rest, ; semibreve or whole-note rest, ; minim or half-note rest, ; crotchet or quarter-note rest, or ; quaver or eighth-note rest, ; semiquaver or sixteenth-note rest, ; demisemiquaver or thirty-second-note rest, ; hemidemisemiquaver or sixty-fourth-note rest, . The duration of a rest, as of a note, may be extended one half by a dot, as , or indefinitely by a hold, . The semibreve rest is often used as a measure-rest, whatever may be the rhythmic signature (as a below); similarly, the two-measure rest is like b, the three measure rest like c, the four-measure rest like d; or a semibreve rest or similar character is used with a figure above to indicate the number of measures, as e or feminine
- n. A syllable.
- n. In accounting, the stopping to strike a balance or sum up the total, as for the purpose of computing commissions or compounding interest. Thus, an annual rest takes place where the rents received by the mortgagee in possession are more than sufficient to keep down the interest, and the surplus is directed to be employed in liquidation of the principal pro tanto.
- n. In heraldry, same as clarion and sufflue.
- n. Same as mace, 3.
- n. In court-tennis, a quick and continued returning of the ball from one player to the other.
- n. In the game of primero, the highest or final stake made by a player; also, the hand of cards or the number of points held. See to set up one's rest, under set.
- n. Synonyms Pause, Stay, etc. (see stop).
- n. Rest, Repose, Ease, Quiet, Tranquillity, Peace. While these words are used with some freedom, rest and repose apply especially to the suspended activity of the body; ease and quiet to freedom from occupation or demands for activity, especially of the body; tranquillity and peace to the freedom of the mind from harassing cares or demands.
- To cease from action, motion, work, or performance of any kind; stop; desist; be without motion.
- To come to a pause or to an end; end.
- To be free from whatever harasses or disturbs; be quiet or still; be undisturbed.
- To take rest; repose.
- To sleep; slumber.
- In botany, to lie dormant. See resting-spore, resting-state, etc.
- To sleep the final sleep; die, or be dead.
- To stand or lie, as upon a support or basis; be supported; have a foundation: literally or figuratively.
- To be satisfied; acquiesce.
- To be fixed in any state or opinion; remain.
- To lean; trust; rely; have confidence; depend for support.
- To be in a certain state or position, as an affair; stand.
- In law, to terminate voluntarily the adducing of evidence, in order to await the counter-evidence of the adverse party, or to submit the case, upon the evidence, to the tribunal for decision. After a party has rested he has no longer a legal right to put in evidence, unless to countervail new matter in the evidence thereafter adduced by his adversary, although the court, for cause shown, may in its discretion allow him to do so.
- To consist or remain in.
- Synonyms To stay, forbear.
- 1, 3, and Rest, Repose. Rest signifies primarily to cease from action or work, but naturally by extension to be refreshed by doing so, and further to be refreshed by sleeping. Repose does not necessarily imply previous work, but does imply quietness, and generally a reclining position, while we may rest in a standing position. See stop, n., and rest, n. To depend.
- To give repose to; place at rest: refresh by repose: sometimes used reflexively: as, to rest one's self (that is, to cease from exertion for the purpose of recruiting one's energies).
- To lay or place, as on a support, basis, or foundation: literally or figuratively.
- To leave; allow to stand.
- To be left.; remain.
- To continue to be; remain: as, rest assured that it is true.
- To keep; cause to continue or remain: used with a predicate adjective following and qualifying the object.
- n. That which is left, or which remains after the separation of a part, either in fact or in contemplation; remainder.
- n. Those not included in a proposition or description; others.
- n. Balance; difference; specifically, in the weekly reports of the Bank of England, the balance of assets above liabilities, forming a sort of reserve fund against contingencies.
- n. Synonyms Residue, etc. See remainder.
- To arrest.
- An obsolete form of reast.
- A dialectal variant of roast.
- n. An obsolete phonetic spelling of wrest.
- n. Any fixed period during which interest accrues and at the end of which a balance is struck, interest accruing from thence on the balance struck, thus giving the benefit of compound interest: a terra in common use in computing interest on mortgages, trust funds, and the like.
- n. In anatomy, a minute accessory suprarenal gland embedded in the kidney or the liver.
- n. uncountable, of a person or animal Relief from work or activity by sleeping; sleep.
- n. countable Any relief from exertion; a state of quiet and relaxation.
- n. uncountable Peace; freedom from worry, anxiety, annoyances; tranquility.
- n. uncountable A state of inactivity; a state of little or no motion; a state of completion.
- n. euphemistic, uncountable A final position after death.
- n. music, countable A pause of a specified length in a piece of music.
- n. music, countable A written symbol indicating such a pause in a musical score such as in sheet music.
- n. physics, uncountable Absence of motion.
- n. snooker, countable A stick with a U-, V- or X-shaped head used to support the tip of a cue when the cue ball is otherwise out of reach.
- n. countable Any object designed to be used to support something else.
- v. intransitive To cease from action, motion, work, or performance of any kind; stop; desist; be without motion.
- v. intransitive To come to a pause or an end; end.
- v. intransitive To be free from that which harasses or disturbs; be quiet or still; be undisturbed.
- v. intransitive, transitive, reflexive To be or to put into a state of rest.
- v. intransitive To stay, remain, be situated.
- v. transitive, intransitive, reflexive To lean, lie, or lay.
- v. intransitive, transitive, law, US To complete one's active advocacy in a trial or other proceeding, and thus to wait for the outcome (however, one is still generally available to answer questions, etc.)
- v. intransitive To sleep; slumber.
- v. intransitive To lie dormant.
- v. intransitive To sleep the final sleep; sleep in death; die; be dead.
- n. uncountable That which remains.
- v. obsolete To remain.
GNU Webster's 1913
- v. obsolete To arrest.
- n. A state of quiet or repose; a cessation from motion or labor; tranquillity.
- n. Hence, freedom from everything which wearies or disturbs; peace; security.
- n. Sleep; slumber; hence, poetically, death.
- n. That on which anything rests or leans for support.
- n. (Anc. Armor) A projection from the right side of the cuirass, serving to support the lance.
- n. A place where one may rest, either temporarily, as in an inn, or permanently, as, in an abode.
- n. (Pros.) A short pause in reading verse; a cæsura.
- n. The striking of a balance at regular intervals in a running account.
- n. obsolete A set or game at tennis.
- n. (Mus.) Silence in music or in one of its parts; the name of the character that stands for such silence. They are named as notes are,
whole, half, quarter,etc.
- v. To cease from action or motion, especially from action which has caused weariness; to desist from labor or exertion.
- v. To be free from whanever wearies or disturbs; to be quiet or still.
- v. To lie; to repose; to recline; to lan.
- v. To stand firm; to be fixed; to be supported.
- v. To sleep; to slumber; hence, poetically, to be dead.
- v. To lean in confidence; to trust; to rely; to repose without anxiety.
- v. To be satisfied; to acquiesce.
- v. To lay or place at rest; to quiet.
- v. To place, as on a support; to cause to lean.
- n. That which is left, or which remains after the separation of a part, either in fact or in contemplation; remainder; residue.
- n. Those not included in a proposition or description; the remainder; others.
- n. (Com.), engraving A surplus held as a reserved fund by a bank to equalize its dividends, etc.; in the Bank of England, the balance of assets above liabilities.
- v. To be left; to remain; to continue to be.
- v. not move; be in a resting position
- n. a musical notation indicating a silence of a specified duration
- n. something left after other parts have been taken away
- n. euphemisms for death (based on an analogy between lying in a bed and in a tomb)
- n. a pause for relaxation
- v. rest on or as if on a pillow
- v. put something in a resting position, as for support or steadying
- v. have a place in relation to something else
- v. give a rest to
- v. be inherent or innate in
- v. stay the same; remain in a certain state
- v. take a short break from one's activities in order to relax
- n. a support on which things can be put
- v. be at rest
- n. a state of inaction
- v. be inactive, refrain from acting
- v. sit, as on a branch
- n. freedom from activity (work or strain or responsibility)
- Middle English reste, from Old French reste from Old French rester ("to remain") from Latin restare ("to stay back, stay behind") from re- + stare (to stand). Replaced native Middle English lave ("rest, remainder") (from Old English lāf ("remnant, remainder")). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Old English. Middle English, from Old French reste, from rester, to remain, from Latin restāre, to stay behind : re-, re- + stāre, to stand. Middle English reste, short for areste, a stopping, holding, from Old French, from arester, to stop; see arrest. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“But it must be followed by rest from mental labour, and is, in fact, a part of the same regimen which enforces rest -- it is an artificial _rest_.”
“But inasmuch as the recurrence of the _Sabbath-day_ was what constituted _a week_; in other words, since the essential feature of a week, as a Jewish division of time, was the recurrence of the Jewish day of rest; — τὸ σάββατον or τὰ σάββατα, the Hebrew name for _the day of rest_, became transferred to _the week_.”
“At the double lines at ten and three, there might be a rest of two minutes; an officer appointed for the purpose, ringing a bell at each of the parts marked on the plan, and making the signal for the _rest_, whatever signal might be determined upon.”
“The only blessing I hope from time is _forgetfulness_ -- my only prayer to heaven is -- _rest, rest, rest_.”
“IV. iii.27 (` is rest to do more exploits with his mace than a morris pike] [W: a Maurice-pike] This conjecture is very ingenious, yet the commentator talks unnecessarily of the _rest of a musket. _ by which he makes the hero of the speech set up the _rest_ of a _musket, _ to do exploits with a _pike.”
“I. i.138 (318,5) The sway, revenue, execution of the rest] [W: of th 'hest] I do not see any great difficulty in the words, _execution of the rest_, which are in both the old copies.”
“No one had ever sung it that way -- the rest is history.”
“So when I became of voting age, I went ahead and registered as a Democrat and the rest is history.”
“Shortly thereafter I was in the market for a Haflinger that was trained to drive and to ride, and the rest is history.”
“This effort (even though unsuccessful) gave him a taste for politics, and the rest is history.”
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