from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A structure spanning and providing passage over a gap or barrier, such as a river or roadway.
- n. Something resembling or analogous to this structure in form or function: a land bridge between the continents; a bridge of understanding between two countries.
- n. The upper bony ridge of the human nose.
- n. The part of a pair of eyeglasses that rests against this ridge.
- n. A fixed or removable replacement for one or several but not all of the natural teeth, usually anchored at each end to a natural tooth.
- n. Music A thin, upright piece of wood in some stringed instruments that supports the strings above the soundboard.
- n. Music A transitional passage connecting two subjects or movements.
- n. Nautical A crosswise platform or enclosed area above the main deck of a ship from which the ship is controlled.
- n. Games A long stick with a notched plate at one end, used to steady the cue in billiards. Also called rest1.
- n. Games The hand used as a support to steady the cue.
- n. Electricity Any of various instruments for measuring or comparing the characteristics, such as impedance or inductance, of a conductor.
- n. Electricity An electrical shunt.
- n. Chemistry An intramolecular connection that spans atoms or groups of atoms.
- transitive v. To build a bridge over.
- transitive v. To cross by or as if by a bridge.
- n. Any of several card games derived from whist, usually played by four people in two partnerships, in which trump is determined by bidding and the hand opposite the declarer is played as a dummy.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A construction or natural feature that spans a divide.
- n. The upper bony ridge of the human nose.
- n. A rudimentary procedure before definite solution
- n. A prosthesis replacing one or several adjacent teeth.
- n. An elevated platform above the upper deck of a mechanically propelled ship from which it is navigated and from which all activities on deck can be seen and controlled by the captain, etc; smaller ships have a wheelhouse, and sailing ships were controlled from a quarterdeck.
- n. The piece, on string instruments, that supports the strings from the sounding board.
- n. A device which connects two or more computer buses, typically in a transparent manner.
- n. A system which connects two or more local area networks at layer 2.
- n. A song contained within another song, often demarcated by meter, key, or melody.
- n. An intramolecular valence bond, atom or chain of atoms that connects two different parts of a molecule; the atoms so connected being bridgeheads.
- n. An unintended solder connection between two or more components or pins.
- n. Any of several electrical devices that measure characteristics such as impedance and inductance by balancing different parts of a circuit
- n. A particular form of one hand placed on the table to support the cue when making a shot in cue sports.
- n. A cue modified with a convex arch-shaped notched head attached to the narrow end, used to support a player's (shooter's) cue for extended or tedious shots. Also called a spider.
- n. A statement, such as an offer, that signals a possibility of accord.
- n. An edge which, if removed, changes a connected graph to one that is not connected.
- n. A defensive position in which the wrestler is supported by his feet and head, belly-up, in order to prevent touch-down of the shoulders and eventually to dislodge an opponent who has established a position on top.
- n. A point in a line where a break in a word unit cannot occur.
- v. To be or make a bridge over something.
- v. To span as if with a bridge.
- v. To transition from one piece or section of music to another without stopping.
- v. To connect two or more computer buses, networks etc. with a bridge.
- v. To go to the bridge position.
- n. A card game played with four players playing as two teams of two players each.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A structure, usually of wood, stone, brick, or iron, erected over a river or other water course, or over a chasm, railroad, etc., to make a passageway from one bank to the other.
- n. Anything supported at the ends, which serves to keep some other thing from resting upon the object spanned, as in engraving, watchmaking, etc., or which forms a platform or staging over which something passes or is conveyed.
- n. The small arch or bar at right angles to the strings of a violin, guitar, etc., serving of raise them and transmit their vibrations to the body of the instrument.
- n. A device to measure the resistance of a wire or other conductor forming part of an electric circuit.
- n. A low wall or vertical partition in the fire chamber of a furnace, for deflecting flame, etc.; -- usually called a bridge wall.
- transitive v. To build a bridge or bridges on or over.
- transitive v. To open or make a passage, as by a bridge.
- transitive v. To find a way of getting over, as a difficulty; -- generally with over.
- n. A card game resembling whist.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Any structure which spans a body of water, or a valley, road, or the like, and affords passage or conveyance.
- n. The upper line or ridge of the nose, formed by the junction of the two nasal bones.
- n. In engraving, a board resting on end-cleats, on which the engraver rests his hand in working.
- n. A wall, generally made of fire-brick, which is built at both ends of a reverberatory furnace, to a certain height, in order to isolate the space in which the metallurgical operation is conducted.
- n. In gunnery, the two pieces of timber which connect the two transoms of a gun-carriage.
- n. In metallurgy, the platform or staging by which ore, fuel, etc., are conveyed to the mouth of a smelting-furnace.
- n. That part of a stringed musical instrument over which the strings are stretched, and by which they are raised above the sounding-board.
- n. Nautical, a raised platform extending from side to side of a steamship above the rail, forward of amidships, for the use and convenience of the officer in charge.
- n. A metal bar supported at one or both ends of a watch-plate, and forming a bearing for a part of the works.
- n. The balance-rynd of a millstone.
- n. In car-building, a timber, bar, or beam which is supported at each end.
- n. In euchre, a position where one side has scored four points and the other only one.
- n. In electricity, an apparatus for measuring the resistance of a conductor, the arrangement of whose parts bears some resemblance to a bridge. A common form is called Wheat-stone's bridge, from the inventor. See resistance.
- To build a bridge or bridges on or over; span with a bridge: as, to bridge a river.
- To make a bridge or bridges for.
- Figuratively, to span or get over; serve as or make a way of passing or overcoming: as, conversation bridged the intervals of the play; to bridge over a difficulty.
- To shorten; abridge.
- n. An arrangement of circuits, electric or magnetic, whereby the bridge circuit connects from a point or one circuit to a point of another circuit, and thereby permits a comparison of the parts of the two circuits.
- n. In billiards: A notched piece of wood, attached to a long handle, used as a support for the cue when the ball is in such a position that the hand cannot conveniently be used as a rest.
- n. The thumb and forefinger used as a rest over which the billiard-cue glides. The best players now use the hooked fore-finger, infolding the small end of the cue.
- n. In mathematics, the crossing-place of two sheets of a Riemann's surface.
- n. A narrow-railed, movable plank extending across the flies of a theater: used in raising angels, fairies, etc., in spectacular plays, and worked by ropes and pulleys from the gridiron.
- n. A platform or scaffold hung by ropes, used by mechanics in painting or finishing walls.
- n. An arched easting fastened to the cover of a pump which guides the free end of the plunger or piston-rod.
- n. In mining: A platform on wheels running on rails for covering the mouth of a shaft or slope.
- n. A track or platform which passes over an inclined haulage-way and can be raised out of the way of ascending and descending cars.
- n. An air-crossing.
- n. A narrow strip, placed across an opening, for supporting something without closing too much of the opening. Also bridge-bar, bridge-piece.
- n. In a Dow composing-machine, the place on the raceway where the justification of a line of characters begins.
- n. The uppermost bridge, particularly in war-ships, of light construction, supported from below by open framework.
- In card-playing, to bend (a card) so that a confederate can cut the pack wherever the bent card is placed.
- In wrestling, to make a bridge of the body by pressing the head and feet on the ground and bowing up the back, to prevent the opponent from securing a fall.
- n. A card game for four players, a variant of whist, called also (originally) bridge whist.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the hard ridge that forms the upper part of the nose
- n. any of various card games based on whist for four players
- n. an upper deck where a ship is steered and the captain stands
- n. a structure that allows people or vehicles to cross an obstacle such as a river or canal or railway etc.
- n. something resembling a bridge in form or function
- n. a denture anchored to teeth on either side of missing teeth
- n. a circuit consisting of two branches (4 arms arranged in a diamond configuration) across which a meter is connected
- n. the link between two lenses; rests on the nose
- n. a wooden support that holds the strings up
- v. make a bridge across
- v. cross over on a bridge
- v. connect or reduce the distance between
Middle English brigge, from Old English brycg.
From earlier biritch (influenced by bridge1), from Russian birich, a call, from Old Russian birichĭ.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English brigge, from Old English brycġ ("bridge"), from Proto-Germanic *brugjō, *brugjōn (“bridge”), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerw-, *bʰrēw- (“wooden flooring, decking, bridge”). Cognate with Scots brig, brigg, breeg ("bridge"), Saterland Frisian Brääch ("bridge"), West Frisian brêge ("bridge"), Dutch brug ("bridge"), German Brücke ("bridge"), Danish bro ("bridge") and brygge ("wharf"), Icelandic brú ("bridge") and brygga ("pier"), Gaulish bríva ("bridge"), Old Church Slavonic бръвъно (brŭvŭno, "beam") and Russian бревно (brevnó, "log"). (Wiktionary)
From Middle English briggen, from Old English brycġian ("to bridge, make a causeway, pave"). Cognate with Dutch bruggen ("to bridge"), Middle Low German bruggen ("to bridge"), Old High German bruccōn ("to bridge"; > Modern German brücken). (Wiktionary)
Name of an older card game biritch, probably Russian бирич (biríč) - OED, or probably from Turkish bir-üç, "one-three".  (Wiktionary)