Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • intransitive v. To rely, especially for support or maintenance: Children must depend on their parents.
  • intransitive v. To place trust or confidence: You can depend on his honesty. See Synonyms at rely.
  • intransitive v. To be determined, conditioned, or contingent: a grade depending on the results of the final exam.
  • intransitive v. To have a dependence: began to depend more and more on drugs.
  • intransitive v. To be pending or undecided, as in a court or legislature.
  • intransitive v. To hang down: "And ever-living Lamps depend in Rows” ( Alexander Pope).

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To hang down; to be sustained by being fastened or attached to something above.
  • v. To hang in suspense; to be pending; to be undetermined or undecided; as, a cause depending in court.
  • v. To rely on for support; to be conditioned or contingent; to be connected with anything, as a cause of existence, or as a necessary condition; — followed by on or upon, formerly by of.
  • v. To trust; to rest with confidence; to rely; to confide; to be certain; — with on or upon; as, we depend on the word or assurance of our friends; we depend on the mail at the usual hour.
  • v. To serve; to attend; to act as a dependent or retainer.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • intransitive v. To hang down; to be sustained by being fastened or attached to something above.
  • intransitive v. To hang in suspense; to be pending; to be undetermined or undecided.
  • intransitive v. To rely for support; to be conditioned or contingent; to be connected with anything, as a cause of existence, or as a necessary condition; -- followed by on or upon, formerly by of.
  • intransitive v. To trust; to rest with confidence; to rely; to confide; to be certain; -- with on or upon
  • intransitive v. To serve; to attend; to act as a dependent or retainer.
  • intransitive v. To impend.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To hang; be sustained by being fastened or attached to something above: used absolutely or followed by from.
  • To be a conditional effect or result; be contingent or conditioned.
  • To be in suspense; be undetermined: only in the present participle: as, the suit is still depending in court. See pending.
  • To rely; rest in full confidence or belief: with on or upon: as, you may depend upon the accuracy of the report.
  • To rely for that which is necessary or desired; rest conditionally or in subordination; be dependent: with on or upon: as, children depend upon their parents; to depend upon a foreign market for supplies; we depend on the newspapers for intelligence.
  • To rest in suspense; wait expectantly.
  • To hang in suspense over; impend.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. have faith or confidence in
  • v. be contingent upon (something that is elided)

Etymologies

Middle English dependen, to hang down, from Old French dependre, from Latin dēpendēre : dē-, de- + pendēre, to hang; see (s)pen- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle French dependre, from de- + pendre ("to hang"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

Wordnik is becoming a not-for-profit! Read our announcement here.

Comments

Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.