American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Law The right and power to interpret and apply the law: courts having jurisdiction in this district.
- n. Authority or control: islands under U.S. jurisdiction; a bureau with jurisdiction over Native American affairs.
- n. The extent of authority or control: a family matter beyond the school's jurisdiction.
- n. The territorial range of authority or control.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Judicial authority; the legal power of hearing and determining controversies or accusations; the right of exercising the functions of a judge or of a legal tribunal. It includes the power to compel a person to appear and answer a complaint, or to punish him for not doing so; the power to take property in dispute into the custody of the law; the power to compel production of evidence, and hear the contention of the parties; the power to determine questions of right between the parties, and to enforce the determination. Jurisdiction of the person depends usually on the giving of due notice to the person, or a voluntary appearance by him. Jurisdiction of the subject-matter usually depends on the statutory or common-law powers conferred on the court with reference to the nature of the controversy or property affected, and sometimes upon the seizure of the property into the custody of the law.
- n. Controlling authority; the right of making and enforcing laws or regulations; the capacity of determining rules of action or use, and exacting penalties: as, the jurisdiction of a state over its subjects.
- n. The domain within which power is exercised; specifically, the territory over which the authority of a state, court, or judge extends.
- n. The function or capacity of judging or governing in general; the natural right to judge; inherent power of decision or control.
- n. the power, right, or authority to interpret and apply the law
- n. the power or right to exercise authority
- n. the authority of a sovereign power to govern or legislate
- n. the limits or territory within which authority may be exercised
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Law) The legal power, right, or authority of a particular court to hear and determine causes, to try criminals, or to execute justice; judicial authority over a cause or class of causes.
- n. The authority of a sovereign power to govern or legislate; the right of making or enforcing laws; the power or right of exercising authority.
- n. Sphere of authority; the limits within which any particular power may be exercised, or within which a government or a court has authority.
- n. (law) the right and power to interpret and apply the law
- n. in law; the territory within which power can be exercised
- Middle English jurisdiccioun, from Old French juridicion, from Latin iūrisdictiō, iūrisdictiōn- : iūris, genitive of iūs, law; see yewes- in Indo-European roots + dictiō, dictiōn-, declaration (from dictus, past participle of dīcere, to say; see deik- in Indo-European roots). (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The sovereignty and jurisdiction of the Commonwealth extend to all places within the boundaries thereof, subject only to such rights of _concurrent jurisdiction_ as have been or may be granted over any places ceded by the Commonwealth to the United”
“As with national sovereignty, I believe that defining the term jurisdiction would be beneficial.”
“The most urgent problem facing my jurisdiction is the heavy tax burden that residents of Montgomery County are forced to bear.”
“The most urgent challenge facing my jurisdiction is the current unemployment rate.”
“The reason you keep hearing these questions is that you can't bring any old case to the United States Supreme Court, quit must have what we call jurisdiction, it must be the type of case that belongs here, it has got to have a federal question.”
“At about the same time this change in jurisdiction took place, forest officials began to report potentially serious problems for the future of the deer.”
“They state what no amount of meandering about allegiance to the king or interpretations of the word jurisdiction can negate; that we are here.”
“The panel does, now that he has appeared, retain jurisdiction over Popovych and he could be called back to testify at a later date, though that appears to be unlikely at this point.”
“The taxpayers of (fill in jurisdiction) are paying for all of this -- how's this being swung in this case?”
“With government, because its jurisdiction is so extensive, the cost to me of escaping adverse policies is much higher.”
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