Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A piece of work assigned or done as part of one's duties.
  • n. A difficult or tedious undertaking.
  • n. A function to be performed; an objective.
  • transitive v. To assign a task to or impose a task on.
  • transitive v. To overburden with labor; tax.
  • idiom take To reprimand or censure.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A piece of work done as part of one’s duties.
  • n. A difficult or tedious undertaking.
  • n. An objective.
  • n. A process or execution of a program.
  • v. To assign a task to, or impose a task on.
  • v. To oppress with severe or excessive burdens; to tax.
  • v. To charge, as with a fault.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Labor or study imposed by another, often in a definite quantity or amount.
  • n. Business; employment; undertaking; labor.
  • transitive v. To impose a task upon; to assign a definite amount of business, labor, or duty to.
  • transitive v. To oppress with severe or excessive burdens; to tax.
  • transitive v. To charge; to tax, as with a fault.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To tax; charge.
  • To take to task; charge with something.
  • To impose a task upon; assign a definite amount of labor to.
  • To oppress with severe or excessive labor or exertion; occupy or engage fully, as in a task; burden.
  • n. A tax; an assessment; an impost.
  • n. Labor imposed; especially, a definite quantity or amount of labor; work to be done; one's stint; that which duty or necessity imposes; duty, or duties collectively.
  • n. Specifically A lesson to be learned; a portion of study imposed by a teacher.
  • n. Work undertaken; an undertaking.
  • n. Burdensome employment; toil.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. assign a task to
  • v. use to the limit
  • n. any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted
  • n. a specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or for a specific fee

Etymologies

Middle English taske, imposed work, tax, from Old North French tasque, from Vulgar Latin *tasca, alteration of *taxa, from Latin taxāre, to feel, reproach, reckon; see tax.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old Northern French tasque, variant of Old French tasche, from Medieval Latin tasca, alteration of taxa, from Latin taxāre ("censure, charge"). (Wiktionary)

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